Earl Waldegrave

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Earldom Waldegrave
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl Waldegrave COA.svg
Arms of Waldegrave, Earls Waldegrave: Per pale, argent and gules.[1]
Creation date 1729
Monarch George II
Peerage Peerage of Great Britain
First holder James Waldegrave, 1st Earl Waldegrave
Present holder James Waldegrave, 13th Earl Waldegrave
Heir apparent Edward Waldegrave, Viscount Chewton
Subsidiary titles Viscount Chewton
Baron Waldegrave of Chewton
Baronet Waldegrave of Hever Castle
Seat(s) Chewton House
Former seat(s) Hever Castle
Armorial motto Passes avant (Push forward)
James Waldegrave, 1st Earl Waldegrave
Arms of Waldegrave

Earl Waldegrave is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1729 for James Waldegrave, 2nd Baron Waldegrave.

History[edit]

The Waldegrave family descends from Sir Richard Waldegrave, Speaker of the House of Commons from 1381 to 1382. His son and namesake, Sir Richard Waldegrave, was a soldier and fought in the Hundred Years' War. His descendant Sir Edward Waldegrave was a politician and courtier. A prominent Catholic, he held office under Queen Mary I, who granted him the Chewton estate in Somerset. However, Waldegrave was imprisoned in the Tower of London after the accession of Queen Elizabeth I, where he died in 1561. His grandson Edward Waldegrave fought as a Royalist in the Civil War despite his old age. In 1643 he was created a baronet, of Hever Castle in the County of Kent, in the Baronetage of England.

Henry Waldegrave, the fourth Baronet and Richard's great-grandson (the title having descended from father to son), married Henrietta FitzJames, illegitimate daughter of King James II and his mistress Arabella Churchill. Mainly thanks to this marriage Waldegrave was raised to the Peerage of England as Baron Waldegrave, of Chewton in the County of Somerset. He was succeeded by his son James Waldegrave, the second Baron. He served Ambassador to the Holy Roman Empire and to France. In 1729 he was honoured when he was created Viscount Chewton, of Chewton in the County of Somerset, and Earl Waldegrave in the Peerage of Great Britain. On his death the titles passed to his son, the second Earl. He was invited to form a government by the King in 1757, but was unsuccessful (and is normally not considered to have held the post of Prime Minister). Lord Waldegrave married Maria Walpole, illegitimate daughter of Edward Walpole, son of Prime Minister Sir Robert Walpole. He died without male issue and was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Earl. He was a general in the Army and also held political office. When he died the titles passed to his eldest son, the fourth Earl. He fought in the American Revolutionary War and also represented Newcastle-under-Lyme in the House of Commons of Great Britain.

His eldest son, the fifth Earl, died from drowning at the age of nine. The young Earl was succeeded by his younger brother, the sixth Earl. He was a soldier and commanded the 54th Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Waterloo. He was succeeded by his eldest legitimate son, the seventh Earl. He died childless at an early age and was succeeded by his uncle, the eighth Earl. He was a vice-admiral in the Royal Navy and also sat as Member of Parliament for Bedford. His eldest son William Frederick Waldegrave, Viscount Chewton, died in 1854 from wounds received at the Battle of Alma during the Crimean War. Lord Waldegrave was therefore succeeded by his grandson, the ninth Earl (the eldest son of Viscount Chewton). He was a Conservative politician and served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard from 1896 to 1905. He was succeeded by his only son, the tenth Earl. He never married and on his death in 1933 the titles passed to his uncle, the eleventh Earl. He was the second son of the aforementioned Viscount Chewton. On his death the titles passed to his only son, the twelfth Earl. He sat on the Conservative benches in the House of Lords and served as Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food from 1957 to 1962. Lord Waldegrave also held the honorary post of Lord Warden of the Stannaries from 1965 to 1976. As of 2010 the titles are held by his eldest son, the thirteenth Earl, who succeeded in 1995.

Three other members of the Waldegrave family have also gained distinction. The Hon. William Waldegrave, second son of the third Earl, was a prominent naval commander and was created Baron Radstock in 1800 (see this title for further information on this branch of the family). The Hon. Samuel Waldegrave, second son of the eighth Earl, was a clergyman and served as Bishop of Carlisle from 1860 to 1869. The Hon. William Waldegrave, second son of the twelfth Earl, is a Conservative politician and was created a life peer as Baron Waldegrave of North Hill in 1999.

The family seat is Chewton House, near Chewton Mendip, Somerset. As suggested by the territorial designation of the baronetcy, the family once owned Hever Castle. The family's coat of arms is one of the easiest to describe: Per pale argent and gules. Its supporters are two talbots, sable, eared or, gorged with a coronet argent. The crest is a set of five plumes.[2]

List of titleholders[edit]

Waldegrave baronets of Hever Castle (1643)[edit]

Barons Waldegrave (1686)[edit]

Earls Waldegrave (1729)[edit]

Arms of the Earls Waldegrave.

The heir apparent is the present holder's eldest son Edward Robert Waldegrave, Viscount Chewton (born 1986)

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
James Waldegrave,
1st Earl Waldegrave

1684–1741
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
James Waldegrave,
2nd Earl Waldegrave

1715–1763
 
John Waldegrave,
3rd Earl Waldegrave

1718–1784
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elizabeth Waldegrave,
Countess Waldegrave

1760–1816
 
George Waldegrave,
4th Earl Waldegrave

1751–1789
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
George Waldegrave,
5th Earl Waldegrave

1784–1794
 
John Waldegrave,
6th Earl Waldegrave

1785–1835
 
William Waldegrave,
8th Earl Waldegrave

1788–1859
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
George Waldegrave,
7th Earl Waldegrave

1816–1846
 
William Waldegrave,
Viscount Chewton

1816–1854
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William Waldegrave,
9th Earl Waldegrave

1851–1930
 
Henry Waldegrave,
11th Earl Waldegrave

1854–1936
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William Waldegrave,
10th Earl Waldegrave

1882–1933
 
Geoffrey Waldegrave,
12th Earl Waldegrave

1905–1995
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
James Waldegrave,
13th Earl Waldegrave

b. 1940

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1876, p.480
  2. ^ Townend, Peter, ed. (1963). Burke's Peerage (103rd Edition). Burke's Peerage Limited. p. 2487.