Earl of Ashburnham

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Bookplate showing the coat of arms of the Earls of Ashburnham

The title Baron Ashburnham (pronounced "Ash-burn-am"), of Ashburnham in the County of Sussex, was created in the Peerage of England in 1689 for John Ashburnham, grandson of the John Ashburnham who assisted King Charles I to escape from Oxford and Hampton Court Palace. He obtained from the King for his London seat the former priors' house of Westminster Abbey, which had been seized by the Crown at the dissolution of the monastery, rebuilt it attractively and renamed it as Ashburnham House; it now stands as one of the central buildings of Westminster School, and has given the family name to one of the co-ed day houses.

The 3rd Baron was created Earl of Ashburnham in the Peerage of Great Britain and Viscount St Asaph, in the Principality of Wales, in 1730. The titles all became extinct in 1924, with the death of the 6th Earl. The surviving member of the family was Lady Mary Catherine Charlotte Ashburnham (1890–1953), daughter of the 5th Earl.

The family's wealth was substantially drawn from the Welsh village of Pembrey; as late as 1873 the earls owned 7,568 acres in Wales.[1] They also carried on the iron industry at their extensive landholdings across Sussex.

The 2nd and 3rd Earls of Ashburnham were successful courtiers. The 4th Earl bought a famous collection of Illuminated manuscripts, which was sold by the 5th Earl, mostly to the British Library, although the Ashburnham Pentateuch is in Paris. The 5th Earl sold off most of the painting collection, including one of Rembrandt's self-portraits. He was a supporter of the Spanish Carlist claimant, Juan, Count of Montizón.[2]

The country seat of the Earls of Ashburnham was Ashburnham Place[3] in Sussex. It was occupied by the 6th earl's niece, Lady Catherine Ashburnham (1890–1953), until her death in 1953, and subsequently the contents were sold in 1953 and the land in 1953-1957.[4] The estate was inherited by the Reverend John Bickersteth (1926-1991). The house was reduced in size and turned into a Christian conference centre, which caters to both individuals and groups.[citation needed]

Barons Ashburnham (1689)[edit]

Earls of Ashburnham (1730)[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Ashburnham County in New South Wales, Australia was named after the 4th Earl.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archives Network Wales - Ashburnham Welsh Estates Records". Anws.llgc.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  2. ^ From The Pall Mall Gazette of London. "THE CARLISTS IN ENGLAND: Great Activity Among the Leaders – Little Alfonso's Only Hope Is to Whip America". New York Times. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  3. ^ See: England Lost Country Houses|Asburnham Place: url=http://lh.matthewbeckett.com/houses/1h_sussex_ashburnhamplace.html-Cached-Similar
  4. ^ "Ashburnham archives URL (2010)". Nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 18 June 2012.