Earl of Cranbrook

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Earl of Cranbrook
Earl of Cranbrook COA.svg
Arms of the Earl of Cranbrook


Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, Argent, on a Bend invected, plain cotised Gules, three Catherine Wheels Or, on a Chief Gules, three Leopard’s Faces Or (Hardy); 2nd & 3rd, Per pale Argent and Or, a Bend compony Azure and Gules, between two Pellets, each within an Annulet Sable (Gathorne). Crests: 1st: a Dexter Arm embowed in armour proper, garnished Or, entwined with a Branch of Oak Vert, charged with two Catherine Wheels Gules, one above and one below the elbow, the hand grasping a Dragon’s Head erased proper (Hardy); 2nd: in front of a Wolf’s Head erased Argent, a Staff raguly fesswise Or (Gathorne). Supporters: On either side a Leopard guardant proper, gorged with a Collar Gules, pendant therefrom an Escutcheon Gules charged with a Catherine Wheel Or.

Creation date22 August 1892
MonarchQueen Victoria
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderGathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook
Present holderGathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 5th Earl of Cranbrook
Heir apparentJohn Gathorne-Hardy, Lord Medway
Remainder tothe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body
Subsidiary titlesViscount Cranbrook
Baron Medway
(Armed with hardy faith)

Earl of Cranbrook, in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[1] It was created in 1892 for the prominent Conservative politician Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Viscount Cranbrook. He notably held office as Home Secretary, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for India. Gathorne-Hardy had already been created Viscount Cranbrook, of Hemsted in the County of Kent, in 1878,[2] and was made Baron Medway, of Hemsted in the County of Kent, at the same time he was given the earldom. The latter title is used as a courtesy title for the Earl's eldest son and heir apparent. Lord Cranbrook's eldest son, the second Earl, represented Rye, Mid Kent and Medway in the House of Commons as a Conservative. As of 2010 the titles are held by the latter's great-grandson, the fifth Earl, who succeeded his father in 1978. He is a zoologist and environmental biologist, who was awarded the Royal Geographical Society's Founder's Gold Medal in 1995.[3]

John David Gathorne-Hardy, 4th Earl of Cranbrook (who was previously married to Bridget D’Oyly Carte). Second marriage to Fidelity (4), (born in 1912, JP), married on 26 July 1932 and had five children: Gathorne, 5th Earl of Cranbrook, 1933-; Hugh 1941-; Juliet 1934-; (Catherine) Sophia 1936-; Christina 1940-

Hon. Alfred Gathorne-Hardy, third son of the first Earl, sat as a Member of Parliament for Canterbury and East Grinstead. Another member of the family is the writer Jonathan Gathorne-Hardy. He is the son of Hon. Anthony Gathorne-Hardy, youngest son of the third Earl.

The family seat is Great Glemham House, near Saxmundham, Suffolk.

Earls of Cranbrook (1892)[edit]

Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook

The heir apparent is the present holder's son John Jason Gathorne-Hardy, Lord Medway (b. 1968).

Line of succession[edit]

  1. John Jason Gathorne-Hardy, Lord Medway (b. 1968)
  2. Hon. Argus Edward Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1973), younger son of the 5th Earl
  3. Hon. Hugh Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1941), younger son of the 4th Earl
  4. Frederick Jasper Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1971), elder son of (3)
  5. Alfred Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1978), younger son of (3)
  6. Jonathan Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1933), grandson of the 3rd Earl by his youngest son Hon. Antony Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy (1907-1976)
  7. Benjamin Garthorne-Hardy (b. 1967), son of (6)
  8. Samuel Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1936), younger brother of (6)
  9. Robert Dee Gathorne-Hardy (b. 1973), son of (8)


  1. ^ "No. 26326". The London Gazette. 16 September 1892. p. 5273.
  2. ^ "No. 24578". The London Gazette. 3 May 1878. p. 2862.
  3. ^ Brian G Gardiner, ed. (July 2006). "218th Anniversary Meeting of the Linnean Society ..." (PDF). The Linnean. 22 (3): 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-07-08.


External links[edit]