Marquess of Downshire
|Marquessate of Downshire|
Arms: Quarterly, 1st, Sable, on a Fess Argent, between three Leopards passant guardant Or, spotted of the field, as many Escallops Gules (for HILL); 2nd, Party per bend sinister Ermine and Ermines, a Lion rampant Or (for TREVOR); 3rd, Gules, a Quatrefoil Or (for ROWE); 4th, Argent, a Chevron Azure, between three Trefoils slipped per pale Gules and Vert (for ROWE). Crest: A Reindeer's Head couped Gules, attired and plain collared Or. Supporters: Dexter: a Leopard Or, spotted Sable, ducally gorged and chained Gules. Sinister: a Reindeer Gules, attired unguled and plain collared Or.
|Creation date||20 August 1789|
|Peerage||Peerage of Ireland|
|First holder||Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire|
|Present holder||Arthur Nicholas Hill, 9th Marquess of Downshire|
|Heir apparent||Edmund Hill, Earl of Hillsborough|
|Remainder to||The 1st Marquess' heirs male of the body lawfully begotten|
|Subsidiary titles||Earl of Hillsborough (I)|
Earl of Hillsborough (GB)
Baron Sandys (UK)
|Former seat(s)||Hillsborough Castle|
|Motto||PER DEUM FERRUM OBTINUI (By God and my sword I have obtained) |
NE TENTES AUT PERFICE (Either attempt not, or accomplish)
Hill had already been created Earl of Hillsborough and Viscount Kilwarlin of County Down in the Peerage of Ireland in 1751 with remainder, in default of male issue of his own, to his uncle Arthur Hill, 1st Viscount Dungannon. He was further created Baron Harwich, of Harwich in the County of Essex, in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1756 with a seat in the (London) House of Lords. In 1772 he was further ennobled with a second Earldom of Hillsborough and as Viscount Fairford in the County of Gloucester, both in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Downshire was the eldest son of Trevor Hill, who had been created Viscount Hillsborough and Baron Hill of Kilwarlin in County Down, in the Peerage of Ireland in 1717, with remainder, in default of male issue of his own, to the male issue of his father, Michael Hill. Trevor Hill was the brother of the aforementioned Arthur Hill, 1st Viscount Dungannon.
In 2013, the 9th Marquess succeeded, under the terms of a special remainder of 1802, to the title Baron Sandys. The barony had been created for Mary Hill, Marchioness of Downshire, the widow of the second Marquess, with remainder to her younger sons, Lord Arthur Moyses William Hill, Lord Marcus Hill, Lord Augustus Hill and Lord George Hill successively, but if the male line failed, could be inherited by her male heirs of the eldest son, the third Marquess. This occurred in April 2013 with the death of Richard Hill, 7th Baron Sandys without male heirs.
Among many other estates, the Marquess owned Hillsborough Castle, the Blessington Estate in County Wicklow, and Easthampstead Park near Bracknell. The Marquesses are also Hereditary Constables of Hillsborough Fort.
- Sir Moyses Hill, knight (died February 1630) came to Ireland as a soldier under the Earl of Essex.
- Arthur Hill (died April 1663) a colonel under Charles I, MP for Counties of Down, Antrim, and Armagh in the First Protectorate Parliament of 1654-5, appointed Constable of Hillsborough Castle in 1660, MP for County Down from 1661.
- William Hill (died 1693) succeeded to the Hillsborough estates on the death of his elder half-brother Moyses Hill, and was a Privy Councillor under Charles II and James II and Member of the Irish Parliament for Ballyshannon from 1661 until 1666.
- Michael Hill (c.1662–1699) was a Privy Councillor, and a Member of Parliament for Saltash and for Hillsborough. He married Ann, daughter and eventual heir of Sir John Trevor, Master of the Rolls and Speaker of the House of Commons.
Viscounts Hillsborough and Baron Hill of Kilwarlin (1717)
- Trevor Hill, 1st Viscount Hillsborough, 1st Baron Hill (1693–1742)
- Wills Hill, 2nd Viscount Hillsborough, 2nd Baron Hill (1718–1793) (created Earl of Hillsborough in 1751, Baron Harwich in 1756, 2ndEarl of Hillsborough and Viscount Fairford in 1772, Marquess of Downshire in 1789)
Marquesses of Downshire (1789)
- Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, 1st Earl of Hillsborough, 2nd Viscount Hillsborough, 1st Viscount Kilwarlin, 1st Viscount Fairford, 2nd Baron Hill, 1st Baron Harwich (1718–1793)
- Arthur Hill, 2nd Marquess of Downshire, 2nd Earl of Hillsborough, 3rd Viscount Hillsborough, 2nd Viscount Kilwarlin, 2nd Viscount Fairford, 3rd Baron Hill, 2nd Baron Harwich (1753–1801)
- Arthur Blundell Sandys Trumbull Hill, 3rd Marquess of Downshire, 3rd Earl of Hillsborough, 4th Viscount Hillsborough, 3rd Viscount Kilwarlin, 3rd Viscount Fairford, 4th Baron Hill, 3rd Baron Harwich (1788–1845)
- Arthur Wills Blundell Sandys Trumbull Windsor Hill, 4th Marquess of Downshire, 4th Earl of Hillsborough, 5th Viscount Hillsborough, 4th Viscount Kilwarlin, 4th Viscount Fairford, 5th Baron Hill, 4th Baron Harwich (1812–1868)
- Arthur Wills Blundell Trumbull Sandys Roden Hill, 5th Marquess of Downshire, 5th Earl of Hillsborough, 6th Viscount Hillsborough, 5th Viscount Kilwarlin, 5th Viscount Fairford, 6th Baron Hill, 5th Baron Harwich (1844–1874)
- Arthur Wills John Wellington Trumbull Blundell Hill, 6th Marquess of Downshire, 6th Earl of Hillsborough, 7th Viscount Hillsborough, 6th Viscount Kilwarlin, 6th Viscount Fairford, 7th Baron Hill, 6th Baron Harwich (1871–1918)
- Arthur Wills Percy Wellington Blundell Trumbull Hill, 7th Marquess of Downshire, 7th Earl of Hillsborough, 8th Viscount Hillsborough, 7th Viscount Kilwarlin, 7th Viscount Fairford, 8th Baron Hill, 7th Baron Harwich (1894–1989)
- Arthur Robin Ian Hill, 8th Marquess of Downshire, 8th Earl of Hillsborough, 9th Viscount Hillsborough, 8th Viscount Kilwarlin, 8th Viscount Fairford, 9th Baron Hill, 8th Baron Harwich (1929–2003)
- Arthur Francis Nicholas Wills Hill, 9th Marquess of Downshire, 9th Earl of Hillsborough, 10th Viscount Hillsborough, 9th Viscount Kilwarlin, 9th Viscount Fairford, 10th Baron Hill, 9th Baron Harwich, 8th Baron Sandys (born 1959)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son Edmund Robin Arthur Hill, Earl of Hillsborough (born 1996).
- Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 1176. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- Debrett's Peerage, 1876, p.158
- "No. 13124". The London Gazette. 22 August 1789. p. 557.
- "No. 9095". The London Gazette. 24 September 1751. p. 2.
- "No. 9636". The London Gazette. 20 November 1756. p. 2.
- "No. 11274". The London Gazette. 15 August 1772. p. 1.
- "No. 5561". The London Gazette. 6 August 1717. p. 1.
- "No. 15488". The London Gazette. 12 June 1802. p. 613.
- "Lord Sandys". The Times. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
- Return of Members of Parliament, Part II (1878), P612
- "The Marquess of Downshire". The Daily Telegraph. 25 February 2004. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marquess of Downshire.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Arthur Wills Blundell Trumbull Sandys Roden Hill, 5th Marquess of Downshire
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Arthur Wills John Wellington Trumbull Blundell Hill, 6th Marquess of Downshire
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Arthur Wills Percy Wellington Blundell Trumbull Hill, 7th Marquess of Downshire