Earl of Kilmorey

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Earldom of Kilmorey
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Kilmorey COA.svg
Argent, a bend azure, between two bucks' heads cabossed sable[1]
Creation date 12 January 1822
Monarch George IV
Peerage Peerage of Ireland
First holder Francis Needham, 12th Viscount Kilmorey
Present holder Richard Francis Needham, 6th Earl of Kilmorey
Heir apparent Robert Needham, Viscount Newry and Mourne
Remainder to Heirs male of the first earl's body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Viscount Kilmorey
Viscount Newry and Mourne
Former seat(s) Mourne Park
Armorial motto Nunc aut nunquam ("Now or never")[2]
Portrait of John Needham, 10th Viscount Kilmorey, by Thomas Gainsborough.

Earl of Kilmorey (pronounced "Kil-murry") is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1822 for Francis Needham, 12th Viscount Kilmorey, a General in the British Army and former Member of Parliament for Newry. He was made Viscount Newry and Mourne, in the County of Down, at the same time, also in the Peerage of Ireland.[1]

The title of Viscount Kilmorey was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1625 for Sir Robert Needham, Member of Parliament for Shropshire, and High Sheriff of Shropshire in 1606. His son, the second Viscount, represented Newcastle-under-Lyme in Parliament and supported King Charles I during the Civil War. His younger son, the fourth Viscount (who succeeded his elder half-brother), also fought as a Royalist in the Civil War. His great-great-grandson was the twelfth Viscount, who was created Earl of Kilmorey in 1822.

He was succeeded by his son, the second Earl. He also represented Newry in the House of Commons. His grandson, the third Earl, (son of Francis Jack Needham, Viscount Newry) was briefly Member of Parliament for Newry and sat in the House of Lords as an Irish Representative Peer from 1881 to 1915.

His eldest son, the fourth Earl, served as Lord Lieutenant of County Down and as Vice-Admiral of Ulster. Lord Kilmorey was also an Irish Representative Peer from 1916 to 1961, becoming the last surviving Irish Representative Peer to sit in the House of Lords.[3] He was succeeded by his nephew, the fifth Earl. He was the son of Major the Hon. Francis Edward Needham, second son of the third Earl.[4]

As of 2016 the titles are held by the fifth Earl's eldest son, the sixth Earl, who succeeded in 1977. He does not use his titles and did not use his courtesy title of Viscount Newry and Mourne which he was entitled to from 1969 to 1977, and is known as Sir Richard Needham. He is a former Conservative government minister.[5]

The family seat was Mourne Park, near Kilkeel, County Down. It is still owned by the descendants of the fourth Earl, but was heavily damaged by fire in 2013.[6]

Viscounts Kilmorey (1625)[edit]

Earls of Kilmorey (1822)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Robert Francis John Needham, Viscount Newry and Mourne (born 1966).
The heir apparent's heir apparent is his son Hon. Thomas Francis Michael Needham (born 1998).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Debrett, John (1840). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. p. 419. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  2. ^ Crabb, George (1833). Universal Historical Dictionary. Baldwin and Cradock, and J. Dowding. p. 43. 
  3. ^ "Obituary: Earl of Kilmorey - Navy Officer and Ulster Peer". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 13 January 1961. p. 15. 
  4. ^ "Obituary: Earl of Kilmorey". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 20 April 1977. p. 18. 
  5. ^ Stephens, Philip (26 September 2014). "The Earl of Kilmorey's mission to buy back the family silver". Financial Times. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Mourne Park House: Sir Richard Needham 'devastated' by fire at his ancestral home". BBC News. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2016.