Earl of Kinnoull
|Earldom of Kinnoull|
The Hay-Drummond coat of arms
|Creation date||25 May 1633|
|Peerage||Peerage of Scotland|
|First holder||George Hay, 1st Earl of Kinnoull|
|Present holder||Charles Hay, 16th Earl of Kinnoull|
|Heir apparent||William Hay, Viscount Dupplin (b. 2011)|
|Subsidiary titles||Viscount Dupplin, Lord Hay of Kinfauns, Baron Hay of Pedwardine|
|Former seat(s)||Balhousie Castle|
|Motto||Renovate animos ("Renew your courage")|
Earl of Kinnoull (sometimes spelled Earl of Kinnoul) is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1633 for George Hay, 1st Viscount of Dupplin. Other associated titles are: Viscount Dupplin and Lord Hay of Kinfauns (1627) and Baron Hay of Pedwardine (1711). The former two are in the Peerage of Scotland, while the third is in the Peerage of Great Britain. The title of Viscount Dupplin is the courtesy title for the Earl's eldest son and heir.
The Hay clan descends from Norman-born knight Guillaume de la Haye, who was pincerna (cup bearer or butler) to Malcolm IV and William the Lion. Charles I advanced Sir George Hay to the peerage on 4 May 1627 under the titles of Baron Hay, of Kinfauns and Viscount Dupplin. On 25 May 1633, Hay was created the Earl of Kinnoull by King Charles I.
The Hay family share a common ancestor with the Earls of Erroll. Gilbert de la Hay (died April 1333), ancestor of the Earls of Erroll, was the older brother of William de la Hay, ancestor of the Earls of Kinnoull. In 1251, William received a charter of two carucates of land from his brother, which was confirmed by King Alexander III.
In 1711, the unofficial prime minister Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, made his son-in-law Viscount Dupplin Baron Hay of Pedwardine in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Earls of Kinnoull (1633)
- George Hay, 1st Earl of Kinnoull (d. 1634)
- George Hay, 2nd Earl of Kinnoull (d. 1644), son of the first earl
- George Hay, 3rd Earl of Kinnoull (d. 1650), son of the second earl
- William Hay, 4th Earl of Kinnoull (d. 1677), son of the second earl
- George Hay, 5th Earl of Kinnoull (d. 1687), son of fourth earl
- William Hay, 6th Earl of Kinnoull (d. 1709), second son of the fourth earl
- Thomas Hay, 7th Earl of Kinnoull (d. 1719), son of younger brother of the first earl
- George Hay, 8th Earl of Kinnoull (1689–1758), son of the seventh earl
- Thomas Hay, 9th Earl of Kinnoull (1710–1787), son of the eighth earl
- Robert Hay-Drummond, 10th Earl of Kinnoull (1751–1804), nephew of the ninth earl
- Thomas Hay-Drummond, 11th Earl of Kinnoull (1785–1866), son of the 10th earl
- George Hay-Drummond, 12th Earl of Kinnoull (1827–1897), son of the 11th earl
- Archibald Hay, 13th Earl of Kinnoull (1855–1916), third son of the 12th earl
- George Harley Hay, 14th Earl of Kinnoull (1902–1938), grandson of the 13th earl
- Arthur William George Patrick Hay, 15th Earl of Kinnoull (1935–2013), son of the 14th earl
- Charles William Harley Hay, 16th Earl of Kinnoull (b. 1962), son of the 15th earl
The heir apparent is the present holder's son, William Thomas Charles Hay, Viscount Dupplin (b. 2011).
- Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Burke's Peerage. 1914. p. 1132. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
- A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. 42. Henry Colburn. 1880. p. 708.
- James Balfour Paul (1908). The Scots Peerage. D. Douglas. pp. 220–223.
- "HAY, George, Visct. Dupplin (aft.1683-1758), of Pedwardine, Herefs". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "Obituary". The Times. 13 June 2013.