Earl of Kinnoull

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Earldom of Kinnoull
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Hay-Drummond coat of arms.svg
The Hay-Drummond coat of arms
Creation date 25 May 1633 (1633-05-25)
Peerage Peerage of Scotland
First holder George Hay, 1st Earl of Kinnoull
Present holder Charles Hay, 16th Earl of Kinnoull
Heir apparent William Hay, Viscount Dupplin (b. 2011)
Subsidiary titles Viscount Dupplin, Lord Hay of Kinfauns, Baron Hay of Pedwardine
Seat(s) Dupplin Castle
Former seat(s) Balhousie Castle
Armorial motto Renovate animos ("Renew your courage")[1]

Earl of Kinnoull (sometimes spelled Earl of Kinnoul) is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1633 for George Hay, 1st Viscount of Dupplin. Other associated titles are: Viscount Dupplin and Lord Hay of Kinfauns (1627) and Baron Hay of Pedwardine (1711). The former two are in the Peerage of Scotland, while the third is in the Peerage of Great Britain. The title of Viscount Dupplin is the courtesy title for the Earl's eldest son and heir.[2]

History[edit]

The Hay clan descends from Norman-born knight Guillaume de la Haye, who was pincerna (cup bearer or butler) to Malcolm IV and William the Lion. Charles I advanced Sir George Hay to the peerage on 4 May 1627 under the titles of Baron Hay, of Kinfauns and Viscount Dupplin. On 25 May 1633, Hay was created the Earl of Kinnoull by King Charles I.[3]

The Hay family share a common ancestor with the Earls of Erroll. Gilbert de la Hay (died April 1333), ancestor of the Earls of Erroll, was the older brother of William de la Hay, ancestor of the Earls of Kinnoull. In 1251, William received a charter of two carucates of land from his brother, which was confirmed by King Alexander III.[3]

In 1711, the unofficial prime minister Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, made his son-in-law Viscount Dupplin Baron Hay of Pedwardine in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[4]

The family seat is Dupplin Castle, just outside Perth, Scotland.

Earls of Kinnoull (1633)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son, William Thomas Charles Hay, Viscount Dupplin (b. 2011).

Arms of Hay-Drummond Arms
Hay-Drummond coat of arms.svg
Adopted
1787
Crest
Quarterly: 1st and 4th grand quarters ; 1st and 4th, azure, a unicorn, saliant, argent, armed, maned, and unguled, or, within a bordure of the last, charged with eight demi-thistles, vert, impaled with as many demi-roses, gules, for augmentation; 2nd and 3rd, argent, three escutcheons, gules, for Hay ; 2nd grand quarter, 1st and 4th, or three bars wavy, gules surmounted of a scymitar, in pale argent, hilted and pomelled of the field, for Drummond, 2nd and 3rd, or, a lion's head, erased, within a double-tressure, flory-counterflory gules, a coat of augmentation likewise, for Drummond.
Supporters
An aged Lowland Scots countryman, couped at the knees, vested in grey, waistcoat gules, bonnet azues, bearing on his shoulder an ox-yoke, ppr.
Motto
Renovate animos ("Renew your courage")

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]