Earl of Lancaster

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The title of Earl of Lancaster was created in the Peerage of England in 1267, merging in the crown in 1399. See also Duke of Lancaster.

Earls of Lancaster (1267)[edit]

Portrait Name Earl From Earl Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Edmond1.jpg Edmund Crouchback
1st Earl of Lancaster
30 June 1267 5 June 1296
Thomas of Lancaster.JPG Thomas of Lancaster
2nd Earl of Lancaster
8 September 1298 22 March 1322 Son of Edmund Crouchback
Henry of Lancaster
3rd Earl of Lancaster
26 October 1326 22 September 1345 Brother of Thomas of Lancaster, son of Edmund Crouchback
Portrait of Henry, Duke of Lancaster - William Bruges's Garter Book (c.1440-1450), f.8 - BL Stowe MS 594 (cropped).jpg Henry of Grosmont
4th Earl, 1st Duke of Lancaster[a]
22 September 1345 23 March 1361 Son of Henry of Lancaster
Johnofgaunt.jpg John of Gaunt
5th Earl, 1st Duke of Lancaster[a]
14 August 1361 3 February 1399 Son-in-law of Henry of Grosmont
King Henry IV from NPG (2).jpg Henry Bolingbroke
6th Earl, 2nd Duke of Lancaster
3 February 1399 30 September 1399 Son of John of Gaunt

Family Tree[edit]

See also[edit]


a. ^ Both Henry of Grosmont and John of Gaunt are listed as the 1st Duke of Lancaster. This is because the Dukedom could only be passed down to a son; when Henry of Grosmont died on 23 March 1361, the Earldom passed to his son-in-law John of Gaunt but the Dukedom expired. A new Dukedom with the identical name was created for John of Gaunt on 13 November 1362 by his Father, Edward III.


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