Earl of Lucan

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Earldom of Lucan
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of the Earl of Lucan
Arms: Azure, a Bend cotised between six Crosses-Patée Or. Crest: On a Mound Vert, a Falcon rising wings expanded proper, armed membered and belled Or. Supporters: On either side a Wolf Azure, plain collared and chained Or.
Creation date 1 October 1795
Monarch George III
Peerage Peerage of Ireland
First holder Charles Bingham, 1st Baron Lucan
Present holder George Bingham, 8th Earl of Lucan
Heir presumptive The Hon. Hugh Bingham
Remainder to The 1st Earl’s heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Baron Lucan
Baron Bingham
Baronet ‘of Castlebar’
Status Extant
Former seat(s) The Lawn, Castlebar
Laleham House
Armorial motto SPES MEA CHRISTUS
(Christ is my hope)
Earldom of Lucan
(Jacobite Creation)
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Image of the arms is unavailable
Arms: Per pale Gules and Argent, a Fleur-de-lis per pale Argent and Sable. Crest: A Leopard’s Face Or. Supporters: On either side a Wolf Azure.
Creation date c. 1691
Monarch James II whilst in exile
Peerage Jacobite Peerage
First holder Patrick Sarsfield
Last holder James Sarsfield, 2nd Earl of Lucan
Remainder to The 1st Earl’s heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Viscount of Tully
Baron Rosberry
Status Extinct
Extinction date 12 May 1719
Armorial motto VIRTUS NON VERTITUR
(Virtue does not turn)
Being a Jacobite creation, this peerage has never been legally recognised in Britain

Earl of Lucan is a title which has been created twice in the Peerage of Ireland for related families.

History[edit]

Patrick Sarsfield was one of the senior commanders of James VII & II (deposed in 1688) in battles in Ireland with William of Orange which determined the latter's takeover with his co-regnant wife, Mary Stuart, of the English, Scottish and Irish thrones (the Glorious Revolution and First Jacobite Wars). In 1691, the exiled King James purportedly created him Earl of Lucan, Viscount of Tully and Baron Rosberry. Sarsfield's son James died without a pretendant heir in 1719, and the title became extinct. Since this was a Jacobite Peerage, it is recognised in the British peerage as a misconceived first creation.

In 1795, the title was re-created afresh as a clear "second creation" to avoid any association with the first creation, which was among the widely noted Jacobite peerages, for Sarsfield's similarly landowning great-nephew, Charles Bingham, 1st Baron Lucan.[1][2][3]

The subsidiary titles associated with the Earldom of Lucan are: Baron Lucan, of Castlebar in the County of Mayo (created 1776),[4] and Baron Bingham, of Melcombe Bingham in the County of Dorset (created 1934).[5] The first is in the Peerage of Ireland, whereas the second is in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which allowed Earls of Lucan to sit in the House of Lords after the practice of electing representative peers from Ireland ceased. The Earl of Lucan also has a Baronetcy (of Castlebar, Co Mayo), created in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia (7 June 1634).

The title became notorious when the 3rd Earl, as cavalry commander in the Crimean War, was involved in the ill-fated Charge of the Light Brigade.

Its notoriety was renewed after the disappearance in 1974 of the profligate 7th Earl. In June 1975, in his absence, a coroner's jury found that he had murdered his children's nanny, Sandra Rivett. There have been no confirmed sightings of the 7th Earl since his disappearance, and he was declared legally dead for purposes of probate (debts and assets) in October 1999. This was, alone, insufficient to enable his son George, Lord Bingham to succeed to the titles — a death certificate for the 7th Earl was issued in February 2016 under the Presumption of Death Act 2013,[6] and Lord Bingham's claim to the Earldom was formally accepted by the House of Lords on 7 June 2016.[7]

The family seats were Castlebar House, near Gorteendrunagh, County Mayo, and from 1803 to 1922 Laleham House in Laleham, Surrey (until 1965 in the former county of Middlesex).[8][9]

Earls of Lucan; First creation (1691) Jacobite Peerage[edit]

Bingham Baronets, of Castlebar (1634)[edit]

Earls of Lucan; Second creation (1795)[edit]

The current Earl has no sons or brothers. The heir presumptive is the present holder's uncle, the Hon. Hugh Bingham (born 1939)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 13821". The London Gazette. 13 October 1795. p. 1052. 
  2. ^ Lineage online linking William Sarsfield of Lucan to Charles Bingham Archived 25 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 September 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "No. 11679". The London Gazette. 2 July 1776. p. 1. 
  5. ^ "No. 34066". The London Gazette. 3 July 1934. p. 4222. 
  6. ^ Lucan death certificate granted, bbc.co.uk, 3 February 2016, retrieved 3 February 2016 
  7. ^ "Minutes of Proceedings of Tuesday 7 June 2016". House of Lords. 
  8. ^ In 1803, Richard Bingham, 2nd Earl of Lucan bought Laleham manor and manor house from William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale. The family hatchment and graves at the nearby church date to the early 19th century.
  9. ^ "Laleham Village – Around and About". Spelthorne Borough Council. 

External links[edit]