Earl of Plymouth
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Earldom of Plymouth|
Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, Argent, on a Fess Sable, three Mullets Or (Clive); 2nd & 3rd, Gules, a Saltire Argent, between twelve Crosses-Crosslet Or (Windsor). Crests: 1st: a Griffin statant Argent, ducally gorged Gules (Clive). 2nd: a Stag’s Head affrontée, couped at the neck Argent, attired Or (Windsor). Supporters: On either side a Unicorn Argent, armed, maned, tufted and unguled Or.
|Creation date||18 December 1905 (3rd Creation)|
|Peerage||Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|First holder||Robert Windsor-Clive, 1st Earl of Plymouth|
|Present holder||Ivor Windsor-Clive, 4th Earl of Plymouth|
|Heir apparent||Robert Windsor-Clive, Viscount Windsor|
|Remainder to||the 1st Earl's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten|
|Subsidiary titles||Viscount Windsor|
|Armorial motto||JE ME FIE EN DIEU |
(I trust in God)
The second creation came in 1682 in favour of Thomas Hickman-Windsor, 7th Baron Windsor. The Windsor family descends from Sir Andrew Windsor, who notably fought at the Battle of the Spurs in 1513, where he was knighted. In 1529 he was summoned to Parliament as Baron Windsor, of Stanwell in the County of Buckingham. His grandson, Edward, the third Baron, fought at the Battle of St Quentin in 1557. Edward's elder son Frederick, the fourth Baron, died unmarried at an early age and was succeeded by his younger brother, Henry, the fifth Baron. The latter's son, Thomas, the sixth Baron, was a Rear-Admiral in the Royal Navy. On Thomas's death in 1641 the barony fell into abeyance between his sisters.
The abeyance was terminated in 1660 in favour of his nephew, Thomas Hickman, the seventh Baron. He was the son of the Honourable Elizabeth Windsor, and her husband Dixie Hickman, and assumed the additional surname of Windsor. Windsor notably served as Governor of Jamaica and as Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire. In 1682 he was created Earl of Plymouth in the Peerage of England. He was succeeded by his grandson, Other, the second Earl, who notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire, Denbigh and Flint. His grandson and namesake, Other, the fourth Earl, was Lord Lieutenant of Glamorganshire.
On the death of fourth Earl's childless grandson, Other, the sixth Earl, in 1833, the barony and earldom separated. The barony fell into abeyance between his sisters Lady Maria Windsor, wife of Arthur Hill, 3rd Marquess of Downshire, and Lady Harriet Windsor, wife of the Honourable Robert Clive, second son of Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis (see below for further history of the barony and Earl of Powis for earlier history of the Clive family). The sixth Earl was succeeded in the earldom by his uncle, Andrew, the seventh Earl. The seventh Earl died unmarried and was succeeded by his younger brother, Henry, the eighth Earl. The eighth Earl was childless and on his death in 1843 the earldom became extinct. The barony of Windsor remained in abeyance until 1855 when the abeyance was terminated in favour of the aforementioned younger sister Lady Harriet Windsor, who became the thirteenth Baroness. The same year she assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Windsor. Her eldest son the Honourable Robert predeceased her and she was succeeded by her grandson, Robert, the fourteenth Baron, who was a prominent Conservative politician and held office as Paymaster-General and First Commissioner of Works.
In 1905 the earldom of Plymouth was revived in the third creation when Robert was created Viscount Windsor, of St Fagans in the County of Glamorgan, and Earl of Plymouth, in the County of Devon. These titles were in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first Earl was succeeded by his second and only surviving son, Ivor, the second Earl, who was also a Conservative politician and served as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms, Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies and Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Ivor's eldest son, Other, the third Earl, succeeded in 1943 and died on 7 March 2018 when he was succeeded by his own son, Ivor, the present fourth Earl. As a male-line descendant of the first Earl of Powis (of the third creation) the present Earl is also in remainder to this peerage and its subsidiary titles.
Another member of the Windsor family was the Honourable Thomas Windsor, younger son of Thomas Hickman-Windsor, 1st Earl of Plymouth, who was created Viscount Windsor in 1699. This title became extinct on the death of his son, the second Viscount, in 1758. The second Viscount's daughter and heiress, the Honourable Charlotte Jane Windsor, married John Stuart, 4th Earl of Bute. In 1796 the Windsor title was revived when Lord Bute was made Earl of Windsor and Marquess of Bute.
The unusual forename 'Other' is traditional in the family and derives from a legendary Saxon ancestor 'Otho' or 'Othere'.
Earls of Plymouth; First creation (1675)
- Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth (1657–1680)
Barons Windsor (1529)
- Andrew Windsor, 1st Baron Windsor (1467–1543)
- William Windsor, 2nd Baron Windsor (1498–1558)
- Edward Windsor, 3rd Baron Windsor (1532–1574)
- Frederick Windsor, 4th Baron Windsor (1559–1585)
- Henry Windsor, 5th Baron Windsor (1562–1605)
- Thomas Windsor, 6th Baron Windsor (1591–1642) (abeyant)
- Thomas Hickman-Windsor, 7th Baron Windsor (1627–1687) (abeyance terminated 1660; created Earl of Plymouth in 1682)
Earls of Plymouth; Second creation (1682)
- Thomas Hickman-Windsor, 1st Earl of Plymouth (1627–1687)
- Other Windsor, 2nd Earl of Plymouth (1679–1725)
- Other Windsor, 3rd Earl of Plymouth (1707–1732)
- Other Lewis Windsor, 4th Earl of Plymouth (1731–1771)
- Other Hickman Windsor, 5th Earl of Plymouth (1751–1799)
- Other Archer Windsor, 6th Earl of Plymouth (1789–1833) (barony of Windsor abeyant 1833-1855)
- Andrew Windsor, 7th Earl of Plymouth (1754–1837), succeeded by his brother
- Henry Windsor, 8th Earl of Plymouth (1768–1843), earldom extinct.
Barons Windsor (1529; Reverted)
- Harriet Windsor, 13th Baroness Windsor (1797–1869) (abeyance terminated 1855)
- Robert George Windsor-Clive, 14th Baron Windsor (1857–1923) (created Earl of Plymouth in 1905)
Earls of Plymouth; Third creation (1905)
- Robert George Windsor-Clive, 1st Earl of Plymouth (1857–1923)
- Other Robert Windsor-Clive, Viscount Windsor (1884–1908)
- Ivor Miles Windsor-Clive, 2nd Earl of Plymouth (1889–1943)
- Other Robert Ivor Windsor-Clive, 3rd Earl of Plymouth (1923–2018)
- Ivor Edward Other Windsor-Clive, 4th Earl of Plymouth (b. 1951)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son Robert Other Ivor Windsor-Clive, Viscount Windsor (b. 1981).
- Viscount Windsor
- Earl of Powis (1804 creation)
- Marquess of Bute
- Hewell Grange
- Barnt Green House
- St Fagans Castle
- "No. 27865". The London Gazette. 19 December 1905. p. 9084.
- PLYMOUTH, EARL - Death Notices - Shropshire Star Announcements
- Kidd, Charles & Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Windsor-Clive-Plymouth family.|