Earl of Powis
|Earl of Powis |
Arms: Per pale Azure and Gules, three Lions rampant Argent. Crest: A Wyvern wings elevated and addorsed Vert, holding in the mouth a sinister Hand couped at the wrist Gules. Supporters: Dexter: An Elephant Argent; Sinister: a Griffin wings expanded Argent, charged with five Mullets in saltire Sable, ducally gorged Gules.
|Creation date||14 May 1804|
|Peerage||Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|First holder||Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis|
|Present holder||John Herbert, 8th Earl of Powis|
|Heir apparent||Jonathan Herbert, Viscount Clive|
|Subsidiary titles||Viscount Clive |
Baron Clive, of Plessey
Baron Clive, of Walcott
Baron Herbert, of Chirbury
Baron Powis, of Powis Castle
|Motto||UNG JE SERVIRAY |
(One I will serve)
Earl of Powis (Powys) is a title that has been created three times. The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1674 in favour of William Herbert, 3rd Baron Powis, a descendant of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (c. 1501–1570). In 1687, he was further honoured when he was made Marquess of Powis. For more information on this creation of the earldom, which became extinct in 1748, see the latter title.
The title was created again in 1748 in the Peerage of Great Britain for Henry Arthur Herbert, the husband of Barbara, daughter of Lord Edward Herbert, brother of William, 3rd Marquess of Powis. He notably represented Bletchingley and Ludlow in Parliament and served as Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire and Shropshire. Herbert had already been created Baron Herbert of Chirbury in 1743 and was made Baron Powis and Viscount Ludlow at the same time he was given the earldom. In 1749 he was also created Baron Herbert of Chirbury and Ludlow, with remainder firstly to his brother Richard Herbert and secondly to his kinsman Francis Herbert, of Ludlow. His son, the second Earl, was also Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire and Shropshire. However, on his death in 1801 all the titles became extinct (the persons in remainder to the 1749 barony had died without heirs before the 2nd Earl).
The title was created for the third time in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1804 when Edward Clive, 2nd Baron Clive, (being son-in-law of the 1st Earl of the previous creation) was made Earl of Powis, in the County of Montgomeryshire. He had previously represented Ludlow in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire and Montgomeryshire. Clive was the husband of Lady Henrietta, daughter of the 1st Earl of Powis of the 1748 creation and sister and heiress of the 2nd Earl. He had already been created Baron Clive, of Walcot in the County of Shropshire, in 1794, in the Peerage of Great Britain, and was made Baron Powis, of Powis Castle in the County of Montgomery, Baron Herbert, of Chirbury in the County of Shropshire, and Viscount Clive, of Ludlow in the County of Shropshire, at the same time he was given the earldom. Clive was the son of the famous soldier Robert Clive, who had been raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Clive, of Plassey in the County of Clare, in 1762. Known as "Clive of India", he is regarded as a key figure in the establishment of British India.
The 1st Earl was succeeded by his eldest son, the 2nd Earl. He sat as Member of Parliament for Ludlow and served as Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. In 1807, Lord Powis assumed by Royal licence the surname and arms of Herbert. His son, the 3rd Earl, represented Shropshire North in Parliament and served as Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. He was succeeded by his nephew, the 4th Earl. He was the son of Lieutenant-General The Rt Hon. Sir Percy Egerton Herbert, second son of the 2nd Earl. Lord Powis was Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. In 1890, he married Violet Ida Evelyn Herbert (who later became, in 1903, The 16th Baroness Darcy de Knayth, suo jure). Their eldest son Percy Robert Herbert, Viscount Clive, died fighting in the Battle of the Somme; their second son Mervyn Horatio Herbert, Viscount Clive, succeeded his mother in the barony on her death in 1929. However, he too predeceased his father and was succeeded in the barony by his daughter Davina as the suo jure 18th Baroness Darcy de Knayth.
Lord Powis was succeeded by his first cousin once removed, the 5th Earl. He was the son of the Hon. Colonel Edward William Herbert, son of the Hon. Robert Charles Herbert, fourth son of the second Earl. On his death the titles passed to his younger brother, the 6th Earl. He was succeeded by his second cousin, the 7th Earl. He was the son of the Right Reverend Percy Mark Herbert, Bishop of Blackburn and of Norwich, son of Major-General the Hon. William Henry Herbert, fifth son of the second Earl. As of 2013[update] the peerages are held by his son, the 8th Earl, who succeeded in 1993. Lord Powis is also Lord of the Manor of Clun.
The Hon. Robert Henry Clive, second son of the 1st Earl, married Harriett Windsor (later Baroness Windsor), in 1819. Their grandson Robert Windsor-Clive, 14th Baron Windsor, was created Earl of Plymouth in 1905. Consequently, the present holder of the Earldom of Plymouth is also in remainder to the Earldom of Powis and its subsidiary titles. George Windsor-Clive, second son of the Hon. Robert Henry Clive and Lady Windsor, was Member of Parliament for Ludlow for many years.
Another branch of the Clive family was founded by Reverend Benjamin Clive, uncle of the 1st Baron Clive. Members of this branch include George Clive, Edward Clive, George Clive, Edward Clive, Sir Sidney Clive and Sir Robert Clive.
Earl of Powis, First Creation (1674)
- see the Marquess of Powis
Earls of Powis, Second Creation (1748)
- Henry Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Powis (1703–1772)
- George Edward Henry Arthur Herbert, 2nd Earl of Powis (1755–1801)
Barons Clive (1762)
- Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive (1725–1774)
- Edward Clive, 2nd Baron Clive (1754–1839) (created Earl of Powis in 1804)
Earls of Powis, Third Creation (1804)
- Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis (1754–1839)
- Edward Herbert, 2nd Earl of Powis (1785–1848)
- Edward James Herbert, 3rd Earl of Powis (1818–1891)
- George Charles Herbert, 4th Earl of Powis (1862–1952)
- Edward Robert Henry Herbert, 5th Earl of Powis (1889–1974)
- Christian Victor Charles Herbert, 6th Earl of Powis (1904–1988)
- George William Herbert, 7th Earl of Powis (1925–1993)
- John George Herbert, 8th Earl of Powis (born 1952)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son Jonathan Nicholas William Herbert, Viscount Clive (born 1979).
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "No. 8744". The London Gazette. 10 May 1748. p. 4.
- "No. 8286". The London Gazette. 20 December 1743. p. 3.
- "No. 8890". The London Gazette. 7 October 1749. p. 1.
- "No. 15700". The London Gazette. 8 May 1804. p. 590.
- "No. 13692". The London Gazette. 9 August 1794. p. 818.
- "No. 10161". The London Gazette. 1 December 1761. p. 1.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 238. .
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Christian Victor Charles Herbert, 6th Earl of Powis
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by George William Herbert, 7th Earl of Powis