Earl of Rochford

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The 4th Earl of Rochford.

Earl of Rochford was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1695 and became extinct in 1830.


The title of Earl of Rochford was created in 1695 for William Nassau de Zuylestein, one of the most trusted companions of his kinsman, William of Orange. He was made Viscount Tunbridge at the same time, also in the Peerage of England. He was the son of Frederick Nassau de Zuylestein, natural son of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange. Zuylestein was sent to England in 1687 and again in 1688 to report on the condition of affairs. In 1688 he sailed with the prince on his famous expedition. After the Revolution he was naturalized and served the king in the field, being raised to the English peerage in 1695. He was succeeded by his son William, the second Earl, who was killed at the Battle of Almenar, and then by another son, Frederick, the third Earl. Frederick's son, William Henry, the 4th Earl, was a diplomat and a statesman. Having gained experience as envoy at Turin from 1749 to 1753, he was Ambassador to Madrid from 1763 to 1766 and to Paris from 1766 to 1768. From 1768 to 1775 he was one of the secretaries of state. He left no children when he died on 28 September 1781, and was succeeded by his nephew, William Henry, the 5th Earl.[1] The titles became extinct on the latter's death in September 1830. The estates of the Earls of Rochford were in Suffolk and Essex, their principal residence being St Osyth Priory in the latter county.[2]

Earls of Rochford (1695)[edit]


The earls of Rochford used the arms below, inherited via the founder of their Family Fredrick of Nassau, lord of Zuylestein, illegitimate son of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange.

Family Tree[edit]

William I "the Silent"
(1533–1584), Prince of Orange 1544, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht, assassinated by Spanish agent]]
Princely crown.svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svg
Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange, 1625,
Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, & etc.
Princely crown.svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svg
Margaretha Catharina Bruyns
Frederick of Nassau
Lord of Zuylestein
Nassau Zuijlestein stamwapen.svg
Mary Killigrew
daughter of Sir William Killigrew
William van Nassau
1st Earl of Rochford
Hendrik van Nassau
(c. 1650 – 1673)
Heer van Leersum
Anna Nassau de Zuylestein
(c. 1681 – 1701)
William Nassau de Zuylestein
2nd Earl of Rochford
Frederik Nassau de Zuylestein
heer van Zuylestein, Leersum en Waayenstein 1709–1738,
3rd Earl of Rochford,1710
Maurits van Nassau-Zuylestein
Colonel, English Army
Maria van Nassau-Zuylestein
married baron Godard Adriaan van Reede (16xx – 1730), heer van Herreveld and 1st Earl of Athlone, son of Godard van Reede heer van Ginckel (1644–1703)
Elizabeth van Nassau-Zuylestein
(1688 – c. 1720)
married Frederik Christiaan van Reede, baron van Reede, 2nd Earl of Athlone
Frederik Hendrik (Henry) van Nassau-Zuylestein
(1692? – 1740)
William Nassau de Zuylestein
4th Earl of Rochford
British courtier, diplomat and statesman
illeg. desc.
Richard Savage Nassau de Zuylestein
Member of Parliament, 1747–1754, 1774–1780
Frederick Nassau[4] · [5]
Master of St. Osyth Priory
Ann[4] · [5]
Mary[4] · [5]
William Henry Nassau
5th Earl of Rochford
George Richard Savage Nassau
Lucy Nassau
William Frederick Nassau[4] · [5]
Master of St. Osyth Priory
John Augustus Nassau[4] · [5]
Ann Nassau[4] · [5]
Elizabeth Catherina Nassau[4] · [5]
Mistress of St. Osyth Priory
married John Roberts Kirby
Eliza Nassau[4] · [5]
Rochford Augustus Nassau[4] · [5]
Frederik "Frank" Rochford Nassau[4] · [5]
Herbert Arthur Nassau[4] · [5]
Harold Charles Nassau[4] · [5]
Letta Mary Nassau[4] · [5]
Nellie Nassau[4] · [5]
Ethel Violet Nassau[4] · [5]
(1896 – )
married Frederick Savage
Doris Elsie Nassau[4] · [5]
married Stanley Philip Painter
Frederik (Freddie) Herbert Nassau[4] · [5]
one daughter [6]
Herbert John Nassau[4] · [5]
2 daughters[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Easton. History (part 1)".
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Rochford, Earl of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 432.
  3. ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1861). Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de l'Europe: précédé d'un dictionnaire des termes du blason. G.B. van Goor. p. 746.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r MAREK, Miroslav (2012). "GENEALOGY.EU, The House of Nassau". GENEALOGY.EU. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Ancestry.com". ANCESTRY.COM. 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  6. ^ a b Note: still living, probably not appropriate to post

External links[edit]