Earl of Sandwich
|Earldom of Sandwich|
Quarterly, first and fourth, Argent, three lozenges conjoined in fess Gules, within a border Sable; for Montagu. Second and third, Or, an eagle displayed Vert, beaked and membered Gules; for Monthermer.
|Creation date||12 July 1660|
|Peerage||Peerage of England|
|First holder||Sir Edward Montagu|
|Present holder||John Montagu, 11th Earl|
|Heir apparent||Luke Montagu, Viscount Hinchingbrooke|
|Subsidiary titles||Viscount Hinchingbrooke
Baron Montagu of St Neots
|Former seat(s)||Hinchingbrooke House|
|Armorial motto||Post tot naufragia portum ("After so many shipwrecks a haven")|
Earl of Sandwich is a noble title in the Peerage of England, nominally associated with Sandwich, Kent. It was created in 1660 for the prominent naval commander Admiral Sir Edward Montagu. He was made Baron Montagu, of St Neots in the County of Huntingdon, and Viscount Hinchingbrooke, at the same time, also in the Peerage of England. The viscountcy is used as the courtesy title by the heir apparent to the earldom. A member of the prominent Montagu family, Lord Sandwich was the son of Sir Sidney Montagu, youngest brother of Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester (from whom the Dukes of Manchester descend) and Edward Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton (from whom the Dukes of Montagu descended).
The second Earl's great-grandson was John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, who was a prominent statesman and served as First Lord of the Admiralty and as Secretary of State for the Northern Department. Lord Sandwich is also remembered for sponsoring the voyages of discovery made by Captain James Cook, who named the Sandwich Islands in his honour, and as the namesake of the sandwich.
He was succeeded by his son, the fifth Earl. He sat as Member of Parliament for Brackley and Huntingdonshire and served as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household and as Master of the Buckhounds. His son, the sixth Earl, also represented Huntingdonshire in Parliament.
He was succeeded by his son, the seventh Earl. He held office in the first two Conservative administrations of the Earl of Derby as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms and Master of the Buckhounds and was also Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire. His eldest son, the eighth Earl, represented Huntingdon in the House of Commons as a Conservative and served as Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire.
He was succeeded by his nephew, the ninth Earl. He was the son of Rear-Admiral the Hon. Victor Alexander Montagu, second son of the seventh Earl. Lord Sandwich was Member of Parliament for Huntingdon and Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire.
His son, the tenth Earl, represented South Dorset in Parliament as a Conservative from 1941 to 1962, when he succeeded his father in the earldom and had to resign his seat in the House of Commons and enter the House of Lords. He disclaimed his peerages in 1964 but never returned to the House of Commons.
As of 2017[update], the titles are held by his eldest son, the eleventh Earl, who succeeded in 1995. Lord Sandwich is one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, and sits as a cross-bencher.
The family seat is today at Mapperton in Dorset. From the 17th century until the 1960s, the family also owned Hinchingbrooke House in Huntingdonshire, from which the title Viscount Hinchingbrooke was derived.
Earls of Sandwich (1660)
- Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich (1625–1672)
- Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Sandwich (1644–1689)
- Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich (1670–1729)
- Edward Richard Montagu, Viscount Hinchingbrooke (1692–1722)
- John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718–1792)
- John Montagu, 5th Earl of Sandwich (1744–1814)
- George John Montagu, 6th Earl of Sandwich (1773–1818)
- John William Montagu, 7th Earl of Sandwich (1811–1884)
- Edward George Henry Montagu, 8th Earl of Sandwich (1839–1916)
- George Charles Montagu, 9th Earl of Sandwich (1874–1962)
- (Alexander) Victor Edward Paulet Montagu, 10th Earl of Sandwich (1906–1995) (disclaimed 1964)
- John Edward Hollister Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich (b. 1943)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son Luke Timothy Charles Montagu, Viscount Hinchingbrooke (b. 1969).
The heir apparent's heir apparent is his son, the Hon. William James Hayman Montagu (b. 2004).
- De la Motte, Philip (1804). The Principal, Historical, and Allusive Arms, Borne by Families of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, with Their Respective Authorities. J. Nichols and Son, and sold by F. and C. Rivington. p. 152. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
- Michael Rhodes. "Hon William James Hayman Montagu" birth announced on Peerage News group on Google Groups on 7 November 2005, based on birth notice in Daily Telegraph on 6 November 2004. Retrieved 10 August 2007. Michael Rhodes. "Peerage News". Google Groups.