Earl of St Germans

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Earl of St Germans
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Eliot arms.svg
Arms: Argent, a Fess Gules, between double-cotises wavy Azure, Crest: An Elephant's Head couped Argent, collared Gules. Supporters: On either side an Eagle reguardant, wings expanded proper, each charged on the breast with an Ermine Spot.
Creation date28 November 1815
MonarchThe Prince Regent (acting on behalf of his father King George III)
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderJohn Eliot, 1st Earl
Present holderAlbert Eliot, 11th Earl of St Germans
Heir presumptiveHon. Louis Eliot
Remainder toThe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesBaron Eliot
Seat(s)Port Eliot
MottoPRÆCEDENTIBUS INSTA
(Press close upon those in the lead)

Earl of St Germans, in the County of Cornwall, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom held by the Eliot family that takes its name from the village of St Germans, Cornwall. It has the subsidiary title Baron Eliot. The family seat is Port Eliot.

Heraldic achievement of Eliot, Earls of St Germans
Port Eliot, St Germans - the Eliot family seat

History[edit]

Edward Eliot represented St Germans, Liskeard and Cornwall in the House of Commons and served as a commissioner of the Board of Trade and Plantations. He was the son of Richard Eliot (died 1748) and his wife Harriot, illegitimate daughter of James Craggs the Younger by his mistress, the noted actress Hester Santlow. In 1784 he was created Baron Eliot, of St Germans in the County of Cornwall, in the Peerage of Great Britain.[1] In 1789 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Craggs. However, this surname has not been used by any of his descendants.

Lord Eliot's second but eldest surviving son, Edward James Eliot, pre-deceased him, and he was succeeded by his third son, John Eliot, 2nd Baron Eliot. In 1815 he was created Earl of St Germans with remainder to his younger brother the Hon. William Eliot and the heirs male of his body.[2][3] He had earlier represented Liskeard in Parliament.

William, the second Earl, was a diplomat and politician, having notably served as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. His only son, the third Earl, was also a prominent politician and held ministerial office as Chief Secretary for Ireland, Postmaster General, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland and Lord Steward of the Household. His third but eldest surviving son, the fourth Earl, was in the Diplomatic Service and briefly represented Devonport in the House of Commons. In 1870 he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Eliot. He never married and was succeeded by his younger brother, the fifth Earl.

Henry, the fifth Earl, was in the Foreign Office for many years. This line of the family failed on the death of his second but eldest surviving son, the sixth Earl, in 1922. The late Earl was succeeded by his first cousin, the seventh Earl. He was the eldest son of Colonel the Hon. Charles George Cornwallis Eliot, sixth son of the third Earl. He never married and was succeeded by his younger brother, the eighth Earl. He held several positions at court, notably as Gentleman Usher to King Edward VII and King George V. As of 2016 the titles are held by the eleventh Earl, who succeeded his grandfather in 2016.

Barons Eliot (1784)[edit]

Earls of Saint Germans and Barons Eliot(1815)[edit]

The heir presumptive is the present Earl's uncle, the Hon. Louis Robert Eliot (b.1968)

Family tree[edit]

Eliot Family
Barons Eliot
Earls of Saint German


 
 
 
 
 
 
Edward Craggs-Eliot
Created 1784
1st Baron Eliot
1727-1804
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Edward Eliot
1757-1757
 
Honourable
Edward James Eliot
1758-1797
 
John Eliot
2nd Baron Eliot

Created 1815[4]
1st Earl of
Saint Germans

1761-1823
 
William Eliot
2nd Earl of
Saint Germans

1767-1845
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Edward Granville Eliot
3rd Earl of
Saint Germans

1798-1877
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Edward Eliot
styled
Lord Eliot
1827-1864
 
Granville Eliot
1828-1854
killed at the
Battle of Inkerman
 
William Eliot
4th Earl of
Saint Germans

1829-1881
 
Henry Eliot
5th Earl of
Saint Germans

1835-1911
 
Honourable
Charles Eliot
1839-1901
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Eliot
6th Earl of
Saint Germans

1890-1922
 
Granville John Eliot
7th Earl of
Saint Germans

1867-1942
 
Montague Charles Eliot
8th Earl of
Saint Germans

1870-1960
 
Honourable
Christian Edward Eliot
1872-1940
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nicholas Richard Eliot
9th Earl of
Saint Germans

1914-1988
 
Honourable
Montague Robert Vere Eliot
1923-1994
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peregrine Nicholas Eliot
10th Earl of
Saint Germans

1941-2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Jago Nicholas Aldo Eliot
Styled
Lord Eliot
1966-2006
 
Honourable
Louis Robert Eliot
born 1968
 
Honourable
Francis Michael Eliot
born 1971
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Albert Charger Eliot
11th Earl of
Saint Germans

born 2004
also 12th Baron Eliot

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 12514". The London Gazette. 27 January 1784. p. 3.
  2. ^ "No. 17066". The London Gazette. 30 September 1815. p. 1997.
  3. ^ "No. 17068". The London Gazette. 7 October 1815. p. 2042.
  4. ^ On 28 Nov 1815, Created Earl of Saint Germans, with special remainder on default of male issue to his brother, Hon William Eliot

References[edit]

External links[edit]