Earl of Tyrconnell
The title Earl of Tyrconnell has been created four times in the Peerage of Ireland.
It was first created in 1603, for Rudhraighe Ó Domhnail (Rory O'Donnell), formerly King of Tír Chonaill (or Tyrconnell), along with the subsidiary title Baron Donegal. The 1st Earl was succeeded by his son Hugh, Lord Donegal, but both titles were attainted in 1614.
Following the self-exile of the Gaelic aristocracy in 1607, and the ensuing Ulster Plantation, it was created a second time in 1661 for the 2nd Viscount FitzWilliam, but became extinct on his death in 1667.
It was created a third time in 1685 for Sir Richard Talbot, along with the subsidiary titles Viscount Baltinglass and Baron Talbotstown, but all these titles were forfeit in 1691 when Lord Tyrconnell joined King James II against the Glorious Revolution. King James also created him Duke of Tyrconnell and Marquess of Tyrconnell in 1689, but these titles were recognised only by Jacobites (see Jacobite peerage).
The title was created a fourth and final time in 1761 for the 3rd Baron Carpenter, along with the subsidiary title Viscount Carlingford. These titles became extinct on the death of the 4th Earl in 1853. The 1st Baron Carpenter was a distinguished soldier, who was a Member of Parliament for Whitchurch in 1715–1722 and Westminster from 1722. The 2nd Baron Carpenter was Member of Parliament for Morpeth in 1717–27 and for Weobley in 1741–7
Earls of Tyrconnell, first creation (1603)
- Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell (1575–1608)
- Hugh O'Donnell, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnell (died 1642) (attainted 1614)
Earls of Tyrconnell, second creation (1661)
- Oliver FitzWilliam, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell (died 1667) (extinct)
Earls of Tyrconnell, third creation (1685)
- Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell (died 1691) (forfeit 1691)
Baron Carpenter (of Killaghy) (1719)
- General George Carpenter, 1st Baron Carpenter (1657–1732)
- George Carpenter, 2nd Baron Carpenter (died 1749)
- George Carpenter, 3rd Baron Carpenter, created Earl of Tyrconnell in 1761
Earls of Tyrconnell, fourth creation (1761)
- George Carpenter, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell (1723–1762)
- George Carpenter, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnell (1750–1805)
- George Carpenter, 3rd Earl of Tyrconnell (1788–1812)
- John Delaval Carpenter, 4th Earl of Tyrconnell (1790–1853) (Earldom becomes extinct)
The Earl had no surviving children. Upon his demise, and then that of his spouse, the Carpenter surname and arms Carpenter was assumed by Royal Licence, dated 1 June 1868, by The Hon. Walter Cecil Carpenter (1834 - 1904), formerly known as The Hon. Walter Cecil Talbot. He later became an Admiral in the Royal Navy.
- The Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell, Prince of Tyrconnell (Beatha Aodh Ruadh O Domhnaill) by Lughaidh O'Cleirigh. Edited by Paul Walsh and Colm Ó Lochlainn. Irish Texts Society, vol. 42. Dublin: Educational Company of Ireland, 1948 (original Gaelic manuscript in the Royal Irish Academy in Dublin).
- A View of the Legal Institutions, Honorary Hereditary Offices, and Feudal Baronies established in Ireland, by William Lynch, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, published by Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, Paternoster Row, London, 1830 (O’Donnell: page 190, remainder to 1st creation Earl’s patent; page 405 on attainder).
- The Fate and Fortunes of the Earls of Tyrone (Hugh O’Neill) and Tyrconnel (Rory O’Donel), their flight from Ireland and death in exile, by the Rev. C. P. Meehan, M.R.I.A., 2nd edition, James Duffy, London, 1870.
- H. M. Stephens, ‘Carpenter, George, first Baron Carpenter of Killaghy (1657–1732)’, rev. Timothy Harrison Place, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2008 , accessed 12 April 2009