Earle Bradford Mayfield
|Earle Bradford Mayfield|
|United States Senator
March 4, 1923 – March 4, 1929
|Preceded by||Charles A. Culberson|
|Succeeded by||Tom Connally|
April 12, 1881|
|Died||June 23, 1964
Mayfield graduated from Southwestern University in 1900 and subsequently studied law at the University of Texas at Austin. He was admitted to the bar in 1907 and practiced in Meridian in Bosque County for a number of years; in addition, he pursued business ventures in agriculture and the wholesale grocery industry. Between 1907 and 1913, he held a seat in the Texas State Senate, after which he served on the Texas Railroad Commission for ten years.
In 1922, Mayfield was one of six candidates who challenged five-term United States Senator Charles A. Culberson for the Democratic senatorial nomination. In the ensuing primary runoff between Mayfield and former Governor James E. Ferguson, Mayfield was labelled the "Ku Klux Klan candidate" in part because he and the KKK supported prohibition, while Ferguson emphasized an anti-prohibition stance. At the time the sale of alcoholic beverage was illegal throughout the United States under the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution. After securing the endorsement of the other Texas senator, Morris Sheppard of Texarkana, Mayfield won the party nomination. In the general election held on November 7, 1922, Mayfield faced the Independent candidate George Peddy, who also had the backing of the Republican Party organization. Because Peddy's name was not on the ballot, the insurgents waged a write-in campaign against Mayfield. Peddy's write-in netted a third of the vote. Peddy also challenged Mayfield's election before the Senate on grounds of disputes over filing deadlines and other technical issues. A Senate committee finally ruled in Mayfield's favor, but his seating was delayed until December 1923.
Mayfield once again faced a large field of candidates in the Democratic primary in 1928, but this time was defeated in a runoff election by U.S. Representative Tom Connally of McLennan County. In 1930, Mayfield sought the Democratic nomination for governor, but finished seventh among eleven candidates. The election went to Ross Sterling. After losing his Senate seat, Mayfield moved to Tyler, where he retired in 1952.
- "George Edwin Bailey Peddy". tshaonline.org. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- Earle Bradford Mayfield at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Earle Bradford Mayfield from the Handbook of Texas Online
Robert W. Martin
|Texas State Senator
from District 27 (Meridian)
Charles W. Taylor
Charles A. Culberson
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Texas