Earlington, Kentucky

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Earlington, Kentucky
City
The former Hotel Earlington, a local landmark
The former Hotel Earlington, a local landmark
Location of Earlington in Hopkins County, Kentucky.
Location of Earlington in Hopkins County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°16′27″N 87°30′41″W / 37.27417°N 87.51139°W / 37.27417; -87.51139Coordinates: 37°16′27″N 87°30′41″W / 37.27417°N 87.51139°W / 37.27417; -87.51139
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Hopkins
Area
 • Total 2.50 sq mi (6.47 km2)
 • Land 2.38 sq mi (6.17 km2)
 • Water 0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)
Elevation 423 ft (129 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,413
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 1,385
 • Density 593/sq mi (229.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 42410
Area code(s) 270 & 364
FIPS code 21-23230
GNIS feature ID 0491420

Earlington is a home rule-class city[2] in Hopkins County, Kentucky, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 1,413,[3] down from 1,649 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Earlington was settled in 1870 around the area's coal fields. On its incorporation a year later, it was formally named for John Baylis Earle, a lawyer who was central to developing the coal industry in the region.[4]

Education[edit]

Until the mid-1970s, the city of Earlington operated an independent school system. The system served students from the primary grades until high school graduation. In 1967, the Earlington Yellowjackets won the state "Sweet 16" basketball tournament. During the 1960s, the champions of the Sweet 16 were typically from Jefferson County (Louisville) or Fayette County (Lexington), the largest population centers in the state. Earlington remains one of the smallest schools ever to win the "Sweet 16" in the modern era.

When the city school board decided to merge with the Hopkins County School System, the community was divided. Half of the students were enrolled at South Hopkins High School, about 3 miles (5 km) to the south, and the others went to West Hopkins High School, 8 miles (13 km) to the west. The division was made along the railroad line that bisects the town.

Earlington also had a private school that operated until the 1970s. Immaculate Conception, the only Roman Catholic parish in Earlington and the oldest parish in Hopkins County, operated a school periodically from the 1890s until the school was closed because of the building's condition. The school had served students from kindergarten to the sixth grade. Located across the street from the parish building, the old school building has now been demolished.

Geography[edit]

Earlington is located southeast of the center of Hopkins County at 37°16′27″N 87°30′41″W / 37.27417°N 87.51139°W / 37.27417; -87.51139 (37.274050, -87.511388).[5] It is bordered to the north by Madisonville, the county seat. U.S. Route 41 (Hopkinsville Road) passes through the center of Earlington, leading north 4 miles (6 km) to the center of Madisonville and southeast 7 miles (11 km) to Nortonville. Interstate 69 passes 3 miles (5 km) east of town, with access from Exit 111.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Earlington has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), of which 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 4.55%, are water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 907
1890 1,748 92.7%
1900 3,012 72.3%
1910 3,931 30.5%
1920 3,652 −7.1%
1930 3,309 −9.4%
1940 2,858 −13.6%
1950 2,753 −3.7%
1960 2,786 1.2%
1970 2,321 −16.7%
1980 2,011 −13.4%
1990 1,833 −8.9%
2000 1,649 −10.0%
2010 1,413 −14.3%
Est. 2016 1,385 [1] −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,649 people, 681 households, and 439 families residing in the city. The population density was 493.1 people per square mile (190.6/km²). There were 798 housing units at an average density of 238.6 per square mile (92.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.80% White, 23.29% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 681 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 78.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,696, and the median income for a family was $24,167. Males had a median income of $27,344 versus $20,341 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,088. About 25.7% of families and 30.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.8% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Earlington city, Kentucky". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2017. 
  4. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 87. Retrieved 2013-04-28. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.