Earlsfield

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Earlsfield
Garratt Lane, Earlsfield, London 92.JPG
Garratt Lane, Earlsfield
Earlsfield is located in Greater London
Earlsfield
Earlsfield
Earlsfield shown within Greater London
Population 15,448 (Earlsfield ward 2011)[1]
OS grid reference TQ265735
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW18
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°26′38″N 0°11′07″W / 51.4439°N 0.1854°W / 51.4439; -0.1854Coordinates: 51°26′38″N 0°11′07″W / 51.4439°N 0.1854°W / 51.4439; -0.1854

Earlsfield is an area within the London Borough of Wandsworth, London, England. It is a typical London suburb and comprises mostly residential Victorian terraced houses[2] with a high street of shops, bars, and restaurants between Garratt Lane, Allfarthing Lane, and Burntwood Lane. The population of Earlsfield at the 2001 Census was 12,903,[3] increasing to 15,448 at the 2011 Census.

Earlsfield railway station provides access to central London (three stops to Waterloo [Clapham Junction, Vauxhall, Waterloo] in 12 minutes) and other areas in South London (Victoria - changing at Clapham Junction, Wimbledon one stop). The station's redevelopment was completed in April 2013.[4]

History[edit]

In mediaeval times, the area now known as Earlsfield was the northern part of the manor and hamlet of Garrat (also spelt Garratt, Garrett or Garret) in the parish of Wandsworth and notorious in the 18th century for the Garrat Elections. By then the area was already industrialised with numerous mills along the River Wandle and in the early 19th century London's first railway, the horse-drawn Surrey Iron Railway, ran along Garratt Lane. This was followed in 1838 by the opening of the London and South Western Railway which originally passed through without stopping. Later in the century, suburban development began to creep across from Wandsworth Common.

In April 1884, the L&SWR opened Earlsfield station on Garratt Lane, prompting further development. The station was named after a neaby residence, Earlsfield, now demolished. This was owned by the Davis family, who also owned the land required for the station, and one of the conditions of sale was that the station would be named after their house.[5]

The area was once a working-class suburb of Wandsworth and as such much of the property is medium-sized terraced housing, though several new developments have been or are being developed, notably the Olympian Homes development between the station and library. The area now houses young families attracted by the affordability of the area in comparison to its northern, western and eastern neighbours, Clapham, Wandsworth, Battersea and Putney, contributing to the wider area's nickname of Nappy Valley.[6]

Earlsfield Library has on display a range of historic photographs of the area.

Between 1853 and 1864, the area in the south of Earlsfield, Summerstown, was the site of the Copenhagen Running Grounds, a major venue for pedestrianism [7].

Geography[edit]

The River Wandle flows roughly parallel to Garratt Lane through the area, and has been the subject of a major, council-funded clean-up operation, though it has been subjected to several pollution incidents in the past few years.[8] There is some light industry located between the high street and the river.

High Street[edit]

St Andrew's, Earlsfield

The main shopping street - Garratt Lane - includes estate agents, cafes and restaurants, pubs, bars and hairdressers. The stretch of Earlsfield just to the south of the station includes chains such as Caffe Nero, Costa Coffee, KFC, Starbucks, and a Sainsbury's Local situated next to the library in Magdalen Road. There's a Tesco's local just to the north of the station but an increasing number of independent cafes, delicatessen, butchers and public houses including The Earlsfield situated in the old railway station house have opened in recent years.

Garratt Lane is home to cross-cultural theatre company Tara Arts and its venue Tara Theatre. Opened in 2007 (and refurbished in 2016), the space plays host to local and national companies as well as staging its own productions.

Several businesses are based in Smiths Yard off Summerley Street, just behind Barclays Bank.

There are two churches in the centre - Earlsfield Baptist church (opened in 1900[9]) on Magdalen Road and St Andrew's, Earlsfield (Church of England, built in two stages between 1888 and 1902 [10]) on the corner of Garratt Lane and Waynflete Street, with St Gregory's (Catholic) and St John the Divine (CoE) further down Garratt Lane towards Wandsworth.

Famous people[edit]

Neighbours[edit]

Next stop neighbouring travel connections[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  2. ^ Ahluwalia, Ravneet, "Earlsfield - Southern perks, lower price", The London Paper, archived from the original on 23 September 2009
  3. ^ 2001 Census - Key Statistics, 9 November 2004
  4. ^ Major Revamp for Earlsfield Station Revealed, 20 June 2011, archived from the original on 14 March 2012, retrieved 13 August 2012
  5. ^ Gerhold, Dorian (1998), Wandsworth Past, Historical Publications, p. 68, ISBN 0-948667-47-8
  6. ^ "Statistics prove Wandsworth Nappy Valley has highest birth rate", Wandsworth Guardian, 16 June 2009
  7. ^ https://summerstown182.wordpress.com/2017/01/08/the-copenhagen-running-grounds/
  8. ^ Clarke, Brian; Pavia, Will (15 December 2007), "Polluter pays to revive river killed by bleach", The Times, London
  9. ^ http://www.earlsfieldbaptist.org.uk/AboutUs.htm
  10. ^ https://andrewpink.org/2017/08/06/earlsfield2/
  11. ^ Jury, Louise (9 March 2011), "Captain Corelli author to star in his own 'Under Milk Wood' play", Evening Standard, London, archived from the original on 10 March 2011

External links[edit]