Early myoclonic encephalopathy

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Early myoclonic encephalopathy[1]
Classification and external resources
MeSH D004831

Early myoclonic encephalopathy (EME) is an epilepsy syndrome where myoclonic seizures develop in the neonatal period. After several months, the seizure pattern may develop to infantile spasms (West syndrome). Various genetic and metabolic disorders are responsible. The seizures are resistant to treatment. The neurology is very abnormal and patients often do not live beyond one year.[2][3]


  1. ^ Berg, AT; Berkovic, SF; Brodie, MJ; Buchhalter, J; Cross, JH; et al. (Apr 2010). "Revised terminology and concepts for organization of seizures and epilepsies: report of the ILAE Commission on Classification and Terminology, 2005-2009". Epilepsia. 51 (4): 676–85. doi:10.1111/j.1528-1167.2010.02522.x. PMID 20196795. 
  2. ^ Richardson S, Alarcon G, Nashef L, Cross H, Nightingale J. Epilepsy (Oxford Specialist Handbooks in Neurology). Oxford University Press;2009. p.82. ISBN 0-19-857073-2
  3. ^ Djukic A, Vigevano F, Plouin P, Moshé S. Early Myoclonic Encephalopathy. In: Dichter MA, Engel J, Pedley TA, Aicardi J, editors. Epilepsy: a comprehensive textbook. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008. ch. 224. ISBN 0-7817-5777-0