Earnley

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Earnley
Earnley is located in West Sussex
Earnley
Earnley
 Earnley shown within West Sussex
Area  7.10 km2 (2.74 sq mi) [1]
Population 459. 2011 Census[2]
   – density  63/km2 (160/sq mi)
OS grid reference SZ815969
   – London  60 miles (97 km) NNE 
Civil parish Earnley
District Chichester
Shire county West Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHICHESTER
Postcode district PO20
Dialling code 01243
Police Sussex
Fire West Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Chichester
Website http://www.earnley.info/
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex

Coordinates: 50°45′58″N 0°50′43″W / 50.76619°N 0.84538°W / 50.76619; -0.84538

Earnley is a civil and ecclesiastical parish in the Chichester District of West Sussex, England. It is located four miles (6.4 km) south-west of Chichester, and lies on the south coast of England. The parish includes the settlement of Almodington.

History[edit]

A charter of 780 names a piece of land as 'Earnaleach and Tielesora' that was given to the church of St Paul (thought to be at Selsey).[3][4] Then in 930, King Athelstan granted to Bishop Beornheah of Selsey, land at Medmerry in Selsey 'with the woodland and fields lying therewith called Erneleia'.[5]

Historically Earnley was situated in the hundred of La Manwode or Manwood, now known under the form Manhood, after a locality in the parish which was the meeting place for the hundred moot and other hundred business. It lay in the ancient pre-Conquest division of Sussex known as the Rape (county subdivision) of Chichester. The Domesday survey does not include Earnley, however it is possible that at that time it was included in Wittering.[3] The mediæval lords of the manor here belonged to the Ernle, Ernley, or Erneley family, and derived their surname from a manor they held in this parish. The land being given to Luke de Ernele by his nephew, William de Lancing as part of a Knight's fee, in 1166.[3]

Earnley Church[6] is a grade II* listed church and together with its small graveyard is contained within retaining stone walls of an interesting boat shaped island of land. The nave is of 13th-century origin. A century later the chancel was added; an aumbry fitted with a carved door dates back to the 14th century. The first recorded rector was in office in 1365; parish registers survive from 1562, but there is no record of a dedication. It has always simply been “Earnley Church”.

Landmarks[edit]

Part of the Site of Special Scientific Interest Bracklesham Bay runs along the coastline of the parish.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  2. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c 'Earnley', in A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 4, the Rape of Chichester, ed. L F Salzman (London, 1953), pp. 201-203. British History Online. accessed 19 March 2016
  4. ^ Kelly, S.E; Miller, Sean. "The Electronic Sawyer an online version of the revised edition of Sawyer's Anglo-Saxon Charters [S 1184]". London: Kings College. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  5. ^ Anglo-Saxons.net Charters S403 accessed on 21 March 2016
  6. ^ Earnley Parish Church
  7. ^ "SSSI Citation — Bracklesham Bay" (PDF). Natural England. Retrieved 4 April 2009. 

Sources: Victoria History of the County of Sussex, volumes 2 and 7

External links[edit]

Media related to Earnley at Wikimedia Commons