Type of site
|Launched||October 23, 2017|
EarthArXiv (pronounced "Earth archive") is both a preprint server and a volunteer community devoted to open scholarly communication. As a preprint server, EarthArXiv publishes articles from all subdomains of Earth Science and related domains of planetary science. These publications are versions of scholarly papers that precede publication in peer-reviewed scientific journals. EarthArXiv is not itself a journal and does not evaluate the scientific quality of a paper. Instead, EarthArXiv serves as a platform for free hosting and rapid dissemination of scientific results. The EarthArXiv platform assigns each submission a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), therefore assigning provenance and making it citable in other scholarly works. EarthArXiv's mission is to promote open access, share open access and preprint resources, and participate in shared governance of the preprint server and its policies. EarthArXiv was launched on October 23, 2017.
The idea of an Earth Science-focused preprint service developed independently in the U.K and the U.S. in early-2017. Christopher Jackson, inspired by ArXiv, and preprints subsequent expansion into other fields (e.g. BioRxiv), began gathering European support for an Earth science preprint service. Jackson inquired with the Center for Open Science (COS), a U.S.-based non-profit about using their existing preprint infrastructure, which is based on the Open Science Framework (OSF), to host the service. COS was hosting (at the time) 20 domain specific preprint systems and was interested in expanding into the Earth sciences. COS would provide the technical infrastructure – storage space, DOI generation, web hosting, etc. - with a community of international Earth scientist volunteers providing shared governance.
Around the same time, Bruce Caron and Tom Narock, having seen a COS demonstration at a meeting of the Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP), also began discussing an Earth science themed preprint system with U.S. colleagues. COS put Caron and Narock in touch with Jackson in spring-2017, and a concerted effort was made to get the newly named EarthArXiv off the ground. The EarthArXiv principles resonated with ESIP, and they became a collaborating partner. ESIP supplied physical meeting space as well as multiple means of virtual communication to accelerate the effort. On June 1, 2017 the ESIP support coalesced into a formal working group, the Earth Sciences Pre-Print Cluster. The cluster held bi-weekly conference calls and hosted their first in-person meeting during a break-out session of the Summer 2017 ESIP Meeting in Bloomington, Indiana.
The group spent six months community building, exploring other platforms (such as PLOS and PeerJ), and soliciting community feedback on how EarthArXiv should be constructed, and how it should operate. During this time, over 100 international volunteers came forward offering to promote and help run EarthArXiv. A final decision was made to partner with COS and on October 23, 2017 – the first day of Open Access Week 2017 – EarthArXiv began accepting preprints. ESIP continues to support EarthArXiv; however, the Earth Sciences Pre-Print Cluster was disbanded and governance now maintained by the EarthArXiv Advisory Council. On October 1, 2020, EarthArXiv moved its hosting to the California Digital Library, and the Janeway preprint platform.
Submission formats and moderation process
Papers should be submitted in PDF format. Associated files (data and software) can be uploaded at the time of submission and will be hosted alongside the paper. Currently, EarthArXiv has no limit on total upload size. Although, no single uploaded file can be larger than 1 GB. EarthArXiv is not a scientific journal and does not implement peer review. All submissions are accepted by default and then passed through a post-moderation policy. The moderation policy. checks for required information (author names, email addresses, etc.) and validates that the paper topic is within the scope of EarthArXiv. Papers deemed outside the scope of EarthArXiv are removed.
Logo and resources
EarthArXiv is intended to be a community-led resource. The Earth science community has participated in all aspects of development from governance to logo design. The EarthArXiv logo was developed as part of an open crowdsourcing campaign in which logo designs were submitted by members of the earth science community. Voting was also open to the earth science community and Andrew Cross' logo was selected as the official logo of EarthArXiv. Many resources are shared by the community (talks, posters, frequently asked questions) via a GitHub companion website.
EarthArXiv uses Loomio for its on-line, asynchronous decision making. The EarthArXiv Loomio Group  is an open group that all interested persons can join. Decisions by the Advisory Council are made in a sub-group that is also open to view. The Advisory Council is selected for two-year terms through sortation for diversity, and a random selection from the list of those who have volunteered to serve. There is no nomination/election required.
- Ross-Hellauer, Tony (2018). "Are funder Open Access platforms a good idea?". PeerJ Preprints. 6. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26954v1.
- Tennant, John (2018). "The evolving preprint landscape: Introductory report for the Knowledge Exchange working group on preprints" (PDF). Analysis & Policy Observatory, Working Group on Knowledge Exchange.
- Farquharson, Jamie (2018). "Introducing Volcanica: The first diamond open-access journal for volcanology" (PDF). Volcanica. 1: i–ix. doi:10.30909/vol.01.01.i-ix.
- Center For Open Science Press Release
- CDL Press Release
- EarthArXiv Moderation Policy
- EarthArXiv Crowdsourced Logo Campaign
- EarthArXiv Community Contributed GitHub Resource Page
- EarthArXiv Loomio Group
- "Earth Science Is Ready for Preprints".
- Pourret, Olivier; Irawan, Dasapta; Tennant, Jonathan (2020). "On the Potential of Preprints in Geochemistry: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly". Sustainability. 12 (8): 3360. doi:10.3390/su12083360.