Similar to their first album, the songs were a mix of originals and covers, ballads and rockers. Jesse Colin Young wrote three of the songs alone, the ballad "All My Dreams Blue", the hard rocking "Long and Tall", and the humorous "The Wine Song". Young cowrote a fourth with British guitarist and singer-songwriterJackie Lomax, "Sugar Babe", another uptempo number about gambling and drinking. Jerry Corbitt contributed the ballad "Don't Play Games" which features a string section, and cowrote "Dreamer's Dream" with Banana. "Fool Me", written by Banana, is a bass-heavy song more similar to "garage rock" of the middle 1960s than the folkier material normally associated with the Youngbloods.
Writing for Allmusic, music critic Lindsay Planer called the album "a blend of captivating songwriting with an infectiously fun delivery" and wrote; "...there are a handful of equally definitive sides scattered throughout Earth Music."