|The Earth Party Movement – Earth Party
Movimento o Partido da Terra – Partido da Terra
|President||José Inácio Faria|
|Honorary President||Gonçalo Ribeiro Telles|
|Founded||12 August 1993|
|Youth wing||Juventude pela Terra|
|Political position||Centre to Centre-right|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|International affiliation||World Ecological Parties|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Assembly of the Republic||
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|Politics of Portugal
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The Earth Party (Portuguese: Partido da Terra, pronounced: [pɐɾˈtiðu ðɐ ˈtɛʁɐ]), previously called The Earth Party Movement, Movimento o Partido da Terra, abbreviated MPT (hence called MPT – Partido da Terra), is a political party in Portugal, founded on 12 August 1993.
Between 2005 and 2009, the party had two Deputies in the Assembly of the Republic: Pedro Quartin Graça and Luís Carloto Marques, elected on the lists of the Social Democratic Party, following an agreement with its then leader, Pedro Santana Lopes.
2009 European Parliament elections
In April 2009, the party announced in a joint press conference with the leader of the pan-European alliance Libertas.eu Declan Ganley that it would run for the 2009 European Parliament election with an open electoral list under the banner of Libertas. While not against European integration, MPT demands more accountability and transparency from the European Union, and the pursuit of a referendum on the Lisbon Treaty in Portugal. In the elections, MPT received 24,062 votes (0.67% of the votes).
2009 Legislative elections
For the 2009 Portuguese legislative election, MPT formed a coalition with the Humanist Party on mainland Portugal that received 0.22% of the votes. Including MPT's votes in Azores and Madeira, where they ran a list on their own, they reached 0.28% nationwide. However, the 2009 local elections were a success in terms of number of people elected, as MPT won 2 councillor, 17 municipal assembly members and 47 parish councillor posts.
In the 2011 Portuguese legislative election, MPT stood under its own open lists throughout Portugal and achieved 0.41% of the national vote, catapulting it from 14th to 8th place overall in comparison to the 2009 Portuguese legislative election. This was largely due to its more professional campaigning – it employed a campaign manager for the first time – and the inclusion in its lists of a number of popular celebrities.
In the 2011 Madeira regional election the Party elected one Legislative Assembly member despite a fall in its number of votes of 0.3%.
2014 European Parliament elections
MPT achieved its first major electoral success independent of any coalition, in the 2014 European Parliament election, winning 7.14% of the vote and electing two MEPs: the former Chairman of the Portuguese Bar Association António Marinho e Pinto (who subsequently left the party) and the lawyer José Inácio Faria.
2014 Party Congress
MPT held its IX Party Congress on 22 November 2014 in Lisbon, where incumbent president John Rosas Baker announced his intention not to stand for reelection and was replaced by MEP José Inácio Faria.
2015 Legislative elections
The party contested the 2015 Portuguese legislative election under its own open lists but failed to improve on its 2009 Portuguese legislative election result, gaining less than 0.5% of the popular vote and failing once again to elect any MP to the Assembly of the Republic.
- Tom Lansford (15 April 2013). Political Handbook of the World 2013. SAGE Publications. p. 1172. ISBN 978-1-4522-5825-6.
- "ALDE Party members | ALDE Party". ALDE Party | Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- "ALDE Across Europe: Portugal". Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe - ALDE Group. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- "Libertas and MPT announce European election partnership", 27 April 2009, http://www.libertas.eu/
- "Europeias: MPT quer referendo em Portugal e é contra Tratado de Lisboa", 27 April 2009, Correio do Minho