List of earth stations in Australia

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Earth stations in Australia or Ground stations in Australia are a number of historic and current Earth (or ground) stations in Australia used to communicate and track human-made satellites. Many of the sites are associated with overseas government partnerships established generally with the United States, European Union, and Japan. They are generally run by various Australian Government agencies along with NASA, European Space Agency or the US Military.

List of sites[edit]

No. Station Complex Location Overseas country/company involved Purpose Active
1 Island Lagoon Tracking Station Island Lagoon Tracking Station Woomera, SA  United States Minitrack Radio Tracking Station
Baker-Nunn Camera Optical Tracking Station.
Project Mercury Radio Tracking Stations
Deep Space Probe Radio Tracking Station (85 foot diameter antenna)
Yes
2 Joint Defense Facility Nurrungar Island Lagoon Tracking Station Woomera, SA  United States Space based surveillance. Moved to Pine Gap No
3 Muchea Tracking Station Muchea Tracking Station Woomera, SA  United States Project Mercury (replaced by Carnarvon) No
4 (Unknown) Adelaide Earth Station (Unknown) Adelaide Earth Station Adelaide, SA  United States Unknown transit Navigational Satellite Program for weather facilities - required an Earth station near Adelaide.[1] Unknown
5 Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex Tidbinbilla, ACT  United States NASA Deep Space Network Yes
6 Carnarvon Tracking Station Carnarvon Earth Stations Carnarvon, WA  United States Tracking and Data Acquisition Station for unmanned scientific and manned satellites Yes
7 OTC Satellite Earth Station Carnarvon Carnarvon Earth Stations Carnarvon, WA  Europe European Space Agency - Space vehicle tracking Yes
8 (Unknown) Darwin Earth station (Unknown) Darwin Earth station Darwin, NT  United States Unknown Mobile Data Acquisition Station for unmanned scientific satellites and space vehicles.[2] Possibly Shoal Bay Receiving Station Unknown
9 Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station Honeysuckle Creek, ACT  United States Tracking and Data Acquisition Station, primarily for support of manned flight No
10 Cooby Creek Tracking Station Cooby Creek Tracking Station South of Toowoomba, QLD  United States Applications Technology Satellite (ATS) facility No
11 Parkes CSIRO Earth Station Parkes CSIRO Earth Station Parkes, NSW CSIRO CSIRO, NASA Deep Space Network.[3] Yes
12 Orroral Valley Tracking Station Orroral Valley Tracking Station Orroral Valley, ACT  United States  France NASA Deep Space Network, DORIS (geodesy)[4] No[5][6]
13 Yatharagga Yatharagga West Australian Space Centre Near Yarragadee, WA  United States  France NASA Mobile Laser Ranging Facility and DORIS (geodesy) beacon[4][6] - now operated by the Swedish Space Corporation Yes
14 Pine Gap Pine Gap Near Alice Springs, NT  United States Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System, ECHELON, Aquacade tracking Yes
15 Crib Point Satellite Earth Station at HMAS Cerberus Naval Base Crib Point Satellite Earth Station at HMAS Cerberus Naval Base Near Crib Point, VIC  Japan Meteorological Satellite Earth Station for Japanese and Chinese weather satellites e.g. Himawari Geostationary Meteorological Satellites. Yes
16 New Norcia Station New Norcia Station New Norcia, WA  Europe ESTRACK for the European Space Agency Yes
17 Australian Defence Satellite Communications Station Australian Defence Satellite Communications Station Geraldton, WA  United States ECHELON Yes
18 Dongara Satellite Station Yatharagga West Australian Space Centre Near Yarragadee, WA  United States Earth station Tracking and Data Relay Satellite Facility - now operated by the Swedish Space Corporation Yes
19 Perth Station Perth International Telecommunications Centre Gnangara (Perth), WA  Europe ESTRACK for the European Space Agency operated by the Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia) and Parkes Radiotelescope of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Yes
20 Regency Park Optus Earth Station Regency Park Optus Earth Station Regency Park, SA Optus - SingTel, Intelsat Intelsat Earth station with 1 tracking and 2 fixed antennae and serves as a Tracking, Telemetry & Control backup site.[3] Yes
21 Belrose Optus Earth Station Belrose Optus Earth Station Belrose, NSW Optus - SingTel Belrose is the key operations centre for Optus telecommunications satellite services and controls the Optus satellite fleet. Belrose Satellite Operations comprises teams for satellite control, satellite support, satellite network management, VSAT operations and Earth station support. Belrose also provides launch support and consulting services for non-Optus satellites, whose global operations encompass Norway, Sweden, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and Japan. The site hosts a total of 44 antennae, 8 tracking and 36 fixed. It has 61 high power amplifiers for transmission.[3] Yes
22 Lockridge Optus Earth Station Lockridge Optus Earth Station Lockridge, WA Optus - SingTel The Lockridge Earth Station supports international and domestic satellite services. It is continuously manned as a key Tracking, Telemetry & Control facility. It hosts 12 tracking and 10 fixed antennae.[3] Yes
23 Oxford Falls Optus Earth Station Oxford Falls Optus Earth Station Oxford Falls, NSW Optus - SingTel, Intelsat The Oxford Falls Earth Station is Optus' international gateway for voice, data and video services from international news gatherers as well as providing international communications for key Australian government departments and pay TV providers. The 8 antennas (4 tracking) at Oxford Falls are pointed to 2 Intelsat satellites, as well as New Skies and Asiasat satellites.[3] Yes
24 Tasmanian Earth Resources Satellite Station Tasmanian Earth Resources Satellite Station Hobart, TAS Various The Tasmanian Earth Resources Satellite Station (TERSS) is an X-band groundstation designed and built in Australia. TERSS was created by a group of partners including: CSIRO Division of Oceanography, CSIRO Office of Space Science and Applications, The University of Tasmania, The Australian Space Office, The Bureau of Meteorology, The Australian Centre for Remote Sensing (ACRES), The Australian Antarctic Division[7] Yes
25 Uralla Lockheed Martin Earth Station Uralla Lockheed Martin Earth Station Uralla, NSW Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin Australia owns and operates this Earth station to provide telemetry, tracking and command services for a wide range of customers.[8][3] Yes
26 Mawson Lakes NewSat Earth Station Mawson Lakes NewSat Earth Station Mawson Lakes (Adelaide), SA NewSat 12 antennas from 2.4 to 13 m in diameter, with C and Ku - band capabilities to 12 geosynchronous satellites.[3] Yes
27 Bassendean NewSat Earth Station Bassendean NewSat Earth Station Bassendean (Perth), WA NewSat 11 antennas from 2.4 to 13 m in diameter, with C and Ku - band capabilities to 9 geosynchronous satellites.[3] Yes
28 Sydney BoM Earth Station Sydney BoM Earth Station Sydney, NSW BoM One or more satellite antennas that receive data either in L-band or X-band. The signals are processed by on-site computers and the ingested satellite data is distributed around Australia and internationally.[3] Yes
29 Melbourne BoM Earth Station Melbourne BoM Earth Station Melbourne, VIC BoM One or more satellite antennas that receive data either in L-band or X-band. The signals are processed by on-site computers and the ingested satellite data is distributed around Australia and internationally.[3] Yes
30 Perth WASTAC Earth Station Perth WASTAC Earth Station Murdoch (Perth), WA WASTAC There is one receiver: an L and X-band receiver at Murdoch University, Murdoch. A microwave link exists between the various WASTAC members: Bureau of Meteorology, Landgate's - Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Curtin University of Technology's - Remote Sensing and Satellite Research Group, CSIRO Space Sciences and Technology, Murdoch University, Geoscience Australia[9] Yes
31 Shoal Bay Receiving Station Shoal Bay Receiving Station Shoal Bay (Darwin), NT ASD 17 antennas. Possibly ECHELON Yes
32 Darwin Weather Data Earth Station Shoal Bay Receiving Station Shoal Bay (Darwin), NT BoM One or more satellite antennas that receive data either in L-band or X-band. The signals are processed by on-site computers and the ingested satellite data is distributed around Australia and internationally.[3] Yes
33 Casey Station Casey Station Casey Station (Antarctica), AAD BoM, AAD ANARESAT satellite communications antenna[10]
A Himawari-8 satellite tracking antenna[11]
Yes
34 Davis Station Davis Station Davis Station (Antarctica), AAD BoM, AAD ANARESAT satellite communications antenna[10]
A Himawari-8 satellite tracking antenna[3][11]
Yes
35 Mawson Station Mawson Station Mawson Station (Antarctica), AAD AAD ANARESAT satellite communications antenna[10] Yes
36 Macquarie Island Station Macquarie Island Station Macquarie Island Station (Antarctica), AAD AAD ANARESAT satellite communications antenna[10] Yes
37 Parkes CSIRO Earth Station Parkes CSIRO Earth Station Parkes, NSW CSIRO CSIRO, NASA Deep Space Network.[3] Yes
38 Australian Defence Satellite Communications Station Australian Defence Satellite Communications Station Kojarena, near Geraldton WA  United States signals intelligence facility.[3] Yes
39 Mount Stromlo Observatory Mount Stromlo Observatory Mount Stromlo, ACT  France DORIS (geodesy) beacon[4][6] moved from Orroral Valley. Yes
40 BLUEsat UNSW/ACSER Groundstation, UNSW, Kensington UNSW Kensington, NSW BLUEsat UNSW Microsatellite Groundstation [12] Yes

Treaties[edit]

A number of treaties and other instruments associated with the stations:

Date Country Details Station
7 June 1957  United States United States Naval Research Laboratory and the Department of Supply of the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia to establish the Minitrack Radio Tracking Station at Woomera.[13] Island Lagoon Tracking Station
12 September 1957  United States Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory of the Smithsonian Institution and the Department of Supply of the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia to establish Baker-Nunn Camera Optical Tracking Station at Woomera.[13] Island Lagoon Tracking Station
26 February 1960  United States The first formalised agreement between the US and Australia on Space Vehicle and Communication establishing the early tracking stations of 1957 as well as new stations at Woomera and Perth for Project Mercury, as well as a Deep Space Probe Radio Tracking Station (85 foot diameter antenna) at Woomera.[13] Island Lagoon Tracking Station, Muchea Tracking Station
5 June 1961  United States Transit Navigational Satellite Program for weather facilities - required an Earth station near Adelaide.[1] Unknown
11 February 1963  United States Extending the 1960 agreement to cover Carnarvon, Darwin and what would become Tidbinbilla/Orroral Valley Tracking Station for NASA Deep Space Radio Tracking.[2] Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex, Orroral Valley Tracking Station Carnarvon Tracking Station, Darwin Earth Station
22 October 1963  United States Further formalisation of Tibinbilla and Orroral Valley Tracking Station for a Deep Space Radio Tracking Facility and a Wide Band Command and Data Acquisition Facility.[14] Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex, Carnarvon Tracking Station, Orroral Valley Tracking Station
10 February 1965  United States Addition of a "Tracking and Data Acquisition Station, primarily for support of manned flight, to be located near Canberra" (Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station).[15] Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station
7 December 1965  United States Addition of a "Applications Technology Satellite (ATS) facility at Cooby Creek, Darling Downs near Toowoomba." (Cooby Creek Tracking Station)[16] Cooby Creek Tracking Station
26 February 1970  United States Confirming the present sites, and adding that a 210-foot-diameter antenna shall be established at the Tidbinbilla Deep Space Station[17] Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex
7 July 1977  Japan Turn Around Ranging Station (unspecified) supporting the first Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS or Himarwari 1)[18] Unspecified
27 June 1978  United States Addding Yatharagga to US agreement.[19] Yatharagga
15 June 1979  Europe Agreement between the Government of Australia and the European Space Agency for a Co-operative Space Vehicle Tracking Program[20] OTC Satellite Earth Station Carnarvon, Perth International Telecommunications Centre
26 May 1980  United States Confirming the list of active sites.[21] no new sites
22 September 1981  Japan Turn Around Ranging Station (unspecified) supporting Geostationary Meteorological Satellite-2 (GMS or Himarwari 2)[23] Unspecified - possibly Crib Point Satellite Earth Station
1 May 1985  Japan Turn Around Ranging Station (unspecified) supporting Geostationary Meteorological Satellite-3 (GMS or Himarwari 3)[24] Unspecified - possibly Crib Point Satellite Earth Station
21 January 1987  Europe Further to the agreement of 1979 identification of sites as Carnarvon (OTC Satellite Earth Station Carnarvon) and Gnangara (Perth) (Perth International Telecommunications Centre) operated by the Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia) and Parkes Radiotelescope of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation.[25] OTC Satellite Earth Station Carnarvon, Perth International Telecommunications Centre
16 November 1988  United States Extending Pine Gap[26] Pine Gap
2 May 1990  United States Update of active stations to: Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex, Yarragadee, and Alice Springs (Pine Gap)[27] Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex, Yatharagga, Pine Gap
8 August 1990  Japan Agreement to support the Geostationary Meteorological Satellite-4 (GMS or Himarwari 4) through a Turn Around Ranging Station (at Crib Point Satellite Earth Station)[28][29] Crib Point Satellite Earth Station
18 October 1994  France DORIS Beacon agreements[6] Yatharagga, Orroral Valley Tracking Station, Mount Stromlo Observatory
20 October 1997  Japan Agreement to support the Geostationary Meteorological Satellite-5 (GMS or Himarwari 5) through a Turn Around Ranging Station (at Crib Point Satellite Earth Station)[30][29] Crib Point Satellite Earth Station
4 June 1998  United States Extension of Pine Gap arrangement[31] Pine Gap
4 August 2000  United States Removal of Yarragadee from the agreement.[32] Yatharagga
16 February 2007  United States Agreement with the US on what would become project ECHELON at the Australian Defence Satellite Communications Station[33][34][35][36] Australian Defence Satellite Communications Station
23 August 2007  Europe General agreement[37] Unspecified
25 February 2010  United States Addition of a Tracking and Data Relay Satellite Facility at Dongara.[38] Dongara Satellite Station
11 January 2012  United States Extension of 2010 agreement to 2014.[39] N/A
27 March 2014  United States Extension of 2012 agreement to 2018.[40] N/A

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b “Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America for Cooperation in a Transit Navigational Satellite Program ATS 10 of 1961 ". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b “Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America amending the Agreement relating to Space Vehicle Tracking and Communications of 26 February 1960. ATS 6 of 1963”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Australian Space Communication Stations". www.spaceacademy.net.au. Australian Space Academy. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Australia, c\=AU\;o\=Australia Government\;ou\=Geoscience (15 May 2014). "Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite". www.ga.gov.au. Geoscience Australia. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Orroral Geodetic Observatory" (PDF). ACT Heritage Council. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d "Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the French Republic on a Programme involving the Establishment and Use of the "DORIS" Precise Satellite Location Beacon System in Australia ATS 34 of 1994”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  7. ^ "REMOTE SENSING PROJECT". www.marine.csiro.au. CSIRO. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  8. ^ "Lockheed Martin · Satellite Tracking & Control". www.lockheedmartin.com.au. Lockheed Martin Australia. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  9. ^ "WASTAC". www.wastac.wa.gov.au. Western Australia Government. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d "Australian Antarctic Magazine Issue 10" (PDF). www.antarctica.gov.au. Australian Antarctic Division. 1 March 2006. Retrieved 26 April 2017. he first satellite earth-station, which includes a 7.3 m dish antenna, was installed and commissioned at Davis in March 1987. Mawson was commissioned in January 1988, Casey in March 1988, and Macquarie Island in December 1988.
  11. ^ a b "About environmental satellites". www.bom.gov.au. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 26 April 2017. In order to access this meteorological data the Bureau of Meteorology has high bandwidth internet, as well as satellite data reception sites at Melbourne, Darwin and Perth, as well as Casey and Davis stations in Antarctica.
  12. ^ "BLUEsat Groundstation". BLUEsat UNSW. BLUEsat UNSW. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  13. ^ a b c “Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America relating to Space Vehicle Tracking and Communications. ATS 2 of 1960”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  14. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America to further amend the Agreement relating to Space Vehicle Tracking and Communications of 26 February 1960 ATS 24 of 1963 ". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  15. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia and the Government of the United States of America to further amend the Agreement relating to Space Vehicle Tracking and Communications of 26 February 1960. ATS 2 of 1965”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  16. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia and the Government of the United States of America to further amend the Agreement relating to Space Vehicle Tracking and Communications of 26 February 1960 ATS 21 of 1965 ". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  17. ^ “Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communications Facilities. ATS 4 of 1970”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  18. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan concerning Co-operation on the Project for the Geostationary Meteorological Satellite System ATS 17 of 1977 ". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  19. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement amending the Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communication Facilities of 25 March 1970 ATS 12 of 1978 ". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  20. ^ “Agreement between the Government of Australia and the European Space Agency for a Co-operative Space Vehicle Tracking Program. ATS 9 of 1979”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  21. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communication Facilities ATS 15 of 1980 ". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  22. ^ "Exchange of Notes between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America constituting an Agreement to amend the Agreement concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communication Facilities of 29 May 1980 ATS 17 of 1981 ". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  23. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan concerning Co-operation on the Project for the Geostationary Meteorological Satellite-2 System ATS 19 of 1981 ". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  24. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan concerning Co-operation on the Project for the Geostationary Meteorological Satellite-3 System ATS 14 of 1985". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  25. ^ "Exchange of Letters constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the European Space Agency to amend the Agreement for a Co-operative Space Vehicle Tracking Program of 15 June 1979 ATS 29 of 1987”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  26. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America amending the Agreement on the Establishment of a Joint Space Research Facility of 9 December 1966, as amended [Pine Gap] ATS 36 of 1988”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  27. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America to amend and extend the Agreement concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communication Facilities of 29 May 1980 ATS 15 of 1990”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  28. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan concerning Cooperation on the Geostationary Meteorological Satellite-4 System ATS 28 of 1985". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  29. ^ a b "Crib Point Satellite Earth Station: celebrating 20 years of service - Social Media Blog - Bureau of Meteorology". media.bom.gov.au. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  30. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan concerning Cooperation on the Geostationary Meteorological Satellite-5 System ATS 32 of 1997". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  31. ^ “Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America to further extend in force the Agreement relating to the Establishment of a Joint Defence Facility at Pine Gap of 9 December 1966, as amended (Canberra, 4 June 1998). ATS 27 of 2000”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  32. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America to further amend and extend the Agreement concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communication Facilities of 29 May 1980, as amended (Canberra, 4 August 2000). ATS 32 of 2000”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.
  33. ^ "Agreement Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America on Cooperation in Science and Technology for Homeland/Domestic Security Matters (Washington, 21 December 2005) ATS 15 of 2007". Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 18 April 2017.
  34. ^ "Australia-US Joint Communications Facility To Be Hosted At Geraldton" (Press release). Brendan Nelson, Minister for Defence. 15 February 2007. Archived from the original on 23 May 2007. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
  35. ^ "MOU Signed For Australia-US Joint Military Communications Ground Station" (Press release). Department of Defence. 2007-11-08. Archived from the original on 2012-11-27. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
  36. ^ "Australian and United States Defence Satellite Cooperation at Geraldton" (Press release). Department of Defence. 2008-07-21. Archived from the original on 2012-11-29. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
  37. ^ "Agreement between the Government of Australia and the European Space Agency for a Co-operative Space Vehicle Tracking Program (Capetown, 5 October 2011) - ATS 29 of 2012”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 18 April 2017.
  38. ^ "Amendment and Extension of the Agreement Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communications Facilities Effected by Exchange of Notes at Canberra May 29, 1980, as amended (Canberra, 25 February 2010) - ATS 9 of 2010”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 18 April 2017.
  39. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement to amend the Agreement between the (Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and theGovernment of Australia concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communication Facilities (Canberra, 11 January 2012) - ATS 4 of 2012”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 18 April 2017.
  40. ^ "Exchange of Notes, done at Canberra on 21 November 2013, constituting an Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Australia to amend the Agreement concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communication Facilities of 29 May 1980, as amended (Canberra, 21 November 2013) - ATS 8 of 2014”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 18 April 2017.