Ease Gill Caverns

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ease Gill Cave System
Easter Grotto Easgill.JPG
Easter Grotto
Map showing the location of Ease Gill Cave System
Map showing the location of Ease Gill Cave System
LocationCumbria, UK
OS gridSD 6640 8072
Coordinates54°13′16″N 2°31′00″W / 54.221138°N 2.516734°W / 54.221138; -2.516734Coordinates: 54°13′16″N 2°31′00″W / 54.221138°N 2.516734°W / 54.221138; -2.516734
Depth137 metres (449 ft)
Length66,000 metres (217,000 ft)
Elevation294 metres (965 ft)
Discovery1946
GeologyLimestone
Entrances>10
Cave surveycavemaps.org

The Ease Gill Cave System is the longest,[1] and most complex cave system in Britain as of 2011,[2][3][4][5] with around 41 miles (66 km) of passages, including connections only passable by cave diving. It spans the valley between Leck Fell and Casterton Fell. The water resurges into Leck Beck.

The first-discovered entrance, Lancaster Hole, was found by George Cornes and Bill Taylor on 29 September 1946. A small draughting opening on Casterton Fell, Cumbria, opened immediately onto a 110-foot (34 m) shaft. Passages from the base of the shaft were explored over the succeeding weeks and months by members of the British Speleological Association, including Jim Eyre. The underground course of the Ease Gill (the local master cave) and high-level fossil passages above it were found and followed upstream to a series of complex inlet passages. In succeeding years, these have been connected to surface caves, including Top Sinks, County Pot and Pool Sink.

The cave passages adjoining the Ease Gill main streamway were connected to Link Pot and Pippikin Pot in 1978, and Pippikin was itself connected to Lost John's Cave by diving in 1989.

With its many entrances, the Ease Gill system offers cavers a wide variety of through trips; the Ease Gill streamway is regarded as one of the finest in the UK.

Entrances[edit]

Entrances include:

  • Top Sink
  • Pool Sink
  • The Borehole
  • Slit Sinks
  • Wretched Rabbit
  • Corner Sink
  • County Pot
  • Cow Dubs II
  • Cow Pot
  • Lancaster Hole
  • Link Pot
  • Mistral Hole
  • Pippikin Pot
  • Bull Pot of the Witches

References[edit]

  1. ^ Three Counties System Connects to Create UK’s First 100 Kilometre Cave System Caving News, 7 November 2011
  2. ^ Lancaster-Ease Gill Cave System Red Rose Cave & Pothole Club, Lancaster 2013
  3. ^ Three Counties System. UK Caves Database, Mark Wilton-Jones, 2018
  4. ^ Yorkshire Cave Areas: Easegill not dated, Dundee Satellite Receiving Station, Dundee University
  5. ^ "Leck Beck Head Catchment Area" (PDF). designatedsites.naturalengland.org.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aspin, J.; Gemmell, A.; Jowett, A. (1952). The Caves of Upper Easegill. Northern Pennine Club, Greenclose House, Clapham, Lancaster LA2 8HW, UK.
  • Waltham, A.C.; Simms, M.J.; Farrant, A.R.; Goldie, H.S. (1997). Karst and Caves of Great Britain. Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row, London SE1 8HN, UK. pp. 29–38. ISBN 0-412-78860-8.

External links[edit]