Easington (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°47′24″N 1°21′07″W / 54.790°N 1.352°W / 54.790; -1.352

Easington
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Easington in County Durham.
Outline map
Location of County Durham within England.
County County Durham
Electorate 65,618 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of parliament Grahame Morris (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Seaham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Easington is a constituency[n 1] created in 1950 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

Constituents' occupations include to a significant degree agriculture and the service sector, however the area was formerly heavily economically supported by the mining of coal, iron ore and businesses in the county still extract gangue minerals in present mining, such as fluorspar for the smelting of aluminium, to the south in the county is Darlington, which has particular strengths in international transport construction, including bridges. To the north is the large city of Sunderland which has a large service sector.

History[edit]

Creation

Following their review the Boundary Commission for England created the political division. It chiefly replaced the bulk or all of the Seaham seat.

Results of the winning party

The area has been held by the Labour Party since the 1922 election (including predecessor seat), when the seat was held by the party leader and Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald. Labour's majority in the seat has never fallen below 33%(the result in the party's 1983 landslide defeat) in its history, and has only been below 40% twice (in 1979 and 1983). The 2015 result made the seat the 27th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[2]

Results of other parties

The 2015 general election saw (with +18.7%) more than the national average swing (+9.5%) to UKIP. The Conservative Party last fielded a candidate taking second place in 2001. Labour's candidate won more than threefold the UKIP votes in 2015, scoring 61% whereas UKIP polled the strongest second-place since 1983. 2017 saw the UKIP vote collapse and the Conservative vote rise, although a slight rise in the Labour vote ensured the majority remained above 40%.

Turnout

Turnout has ranged from 87.7% in 1950 to 52.1% in 2005. Turnout has been somewhat inconsistent with national averages, falling in 1992 and 2005 when national turnout increased.

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1974: The Rural District of Easington.

1974-1983: The Rural District of Stockton, and in the Rural District of Easington the parishes of Castle Eden, Easington, Haswell, Hawthorn, Horden, Hutton Henry, Monk Hesleden, Nesbitt, Peterlee, Sheraton with Hulam, Shotton, Thornley, and Wingate.

1983-2010: The District of Easington wards of Acre Rigg, Blackhalls, Dawdon, Dene House, Deneside, Easington Colliery, Easington Village, Eden Hill, Haswell, High Colliery, Horden North, Horden South, Howletch, Murton East, Murton West, Park, Passfield, Seaham, Shotton, South, and South Hetton.

2010-present: The District of Easington wards of Acre Rigg, Blackhalls, Dawdon, Dene House, Deneside, Easington Colliery, Easington Village and South Hetton, Eden Hill, Haswell and Shotton, Horden North, Horden South, Howletch, Hutton Henry, Murton East, Murton West, Passfield, Seaham Harbour, and Seaham North.

The constituency comprises the majority of the district of the same name, which takes in the coastal portion of the administrative county of Durham. The principal towns are Peterlee and Seaham. A seat of former mining traditions, it is one of Labour's safest in Britain — party firebrand Manny Shinwell was MP for 20 years.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in County Durham, the Boundary Commission for England has made only minor changes to the boundaries of Easington constituency (on the southern part of the boundary with Sedgefield constituency). It was first fought at the 2010 general election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1950 Manny Shinwell Labour
1970 Jack Dormand Labour
1987 John Cummings Labour
2010 Grahame Morris Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Grahame Morris 23,152 63.7 +2.6
Conservative Barney Campbell 8,260 22.7 +9.8
North East Party Susan McDonnell 2,355 6.6 +4.1
UKIP Allyn Roberts 1,727 4.7 -14.0
Liberal Democrat Tom Hancock 460 1.3 -1.1
Green Martie Warin 410 1.1 -1.0
Majority 14,892 41.0 -1.3
Turnout 36,364 58.4 +2.3
Labour hold Swing -3.6
General Election 2015: Easington[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Grahame Morris 21,132 61.0 +2.1
UKIP Jonathan Arnott 6,491 18.7 +14.1
Conservative Chris Hampsheir 4,478 12.9 -0.8
Liberal Democrat Luke Armstrong 834 2.4 -13.6
North East Party Susan McDonnell[5] 810 2.3 N/A
Green Martie Warin 733 2.1 N/A
Socialist (GB) Steve Colborn [6] 146 0.4 N/A
Majority 14,641 42.3 -0.6
Turnout 34,624 56.1 +1.4
Labour hold Swing -6.0
General Election 2010: Easington[7][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Grahame Morris 20,579 58.9 −12.4
Liberal Democrat Tara Saville 5,597 16.0 +3.1
Conservative Richard Harrison 4,790 13.7 +3.0
BNP Cheryl Dunn 2,317 6.6 +3.4
UKIP Martyn Aiken 1,631 4.7 +4.7
Majority 14,982 42.9 -15.6
Turnout 34,914 54.7 +2.8
Labour hold Swing −7.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Easington[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Cummings 22,733 71.4 −5.4
Liberal Democrat Christopher Ord 4,097 12.9 +2.6
Conservative Lucille Nicholson 3,400 10.7 +0.4
BNP Ian McDonald 1,042 3.3 +3.3
Socialist Labour Dave Robinson 583 1.8 −0.7
Majority 18,636 58.5
Turnout 31,855 52.1 −1.5
Labour hold Swing −4.0
General Election 2001: Easington[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Cummings 25,360 76.8 −3.4
Conservative Philip F. Lovel 3,411 10.3 +1.8
Liberal Democrat Christopher J. Ord 3,408 10.3 +3.1
Socialist Labour Dave Robinson 831 2.5 N/A
Majority 21,949 66.5
Turnout 33,010 53.6 −13.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Easington[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Cummings 33,600 80.2 +7.5
Conservative Jason D. Hollands 3,588 8.6 −8.1
Liberal Democrat Jim P. Heppell 3,025 7.2 −3.4
Referendum Richard B. Pulfrey 1,179 2.8 N/A
Socialist (GB) Steve P. Colborn 503 1.2 N/A
Majority 30,012 71.6
Turnout 41,895 67.0
Labour hold Swing +7.8
General Election 1992: Easington[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Cummings 34,269 72.7 +4.6
Conservative William Perry 7,879 16.7 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Peter Freitag 5,001 10.6 −5.0
Majority 26,390 56.0 +4.2
Turnout 47,149 72.5 −0.9
Labour hold Swing +2.1

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Easington[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Cummings 32,396 68.06
Conservative William Perry 7,757 16.30
Liberal George Howard 7,447 15.64
Majority 24,639 51.76
Turnout 73.39
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Easington[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Dormand 25,912 59.39
Liberal F.E. Patterson 11,120 25.06
Conservative Colin J. Coulson-Thomas 7,342 16.55
Majority 14,792 33.33
Turnout 67.51
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Dormand 29,537 60.60
Conservative J.S. Smailes 11,981 24.70
Liberal V. Morley 6,979 14.39
Majority 17,556 36.20
Turnout 74.33
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Dormand 28,984 65.82
Conservative J.S. Smailes 8,047 18.27
Liberal N.J. Scaggs 7,005 15.91
Majority 20,937 47.55
Turnout 69.01
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Dormand 33,637 71.96
Conservative J.S. Smailes 13,107 28.04
Majority 20,530 43.92
Turnout 73.95
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Dormand 33,418 79.80
Conservative Michael Spicer 8,457 20.20
Majority 24,961 59.61
Turnout 69.28
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Manny Shinwell 32,097 81.37
Conservative Michael Spicer 7,350 18.63
Majority 24,747 62.73
Turnout 70.54
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Manny Shinwell 34,028 80.45
Conservative George W Rossiter 8,270 19.55
Majority 25,758 60.90
Turnout 75.22
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Easington [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Manny Shinwell 36,552 79.79
Conservative George W Rossiter 9,259 20.21
Majority 27,293 59.58
Turnout 80.81
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Manny Shinwell 34,352 79.07
Conservative George W Rossiter 9,095 20.93
Majority 25,257 58.13
Turnout 79.36
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Manny Shinwell 37,899 80.77
Conservative George W Rossiter 9,025 19.23
Majority 28,874 61.53
Turnout 86.74
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Easington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Manny Shinwell 38,367 81.05
Conservative C.A. Macfarlane 8,972 18.95
Majority 29,395 62.09
Turnout 87.69
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 1)
  4. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "New political party the North East Party launches its first ever manifesto". Chronicle Live. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  6. ^ http://www.worldsocialism.org/spgb/forum/world-socialist-movement/general-election-news-release
  7. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ http://www.durham.gov.uk/PDFApproved/ParliamentaryElection2010_SoPN_EAS.pdf
  9. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Easington". BBC News. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Easington: Constituency - Politics - The Guardian". Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ [1]