East–West Highway (New England)
The East–West Highway is a long-proposed east–west highway corridor in northern New England (Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont), intended to link remote northern communities in those states with markets in the Maritimes, Quebec, and upstate New York.
Low population and natural barriers like the White Mountains have long impeded significant economic development in northern New England.
|Location||Albany, NY –|
Portsmouth, NH or
Glens Falls, NY – Calais, ME
Proposals for an east–west highway date back to the 1940s. In the early 1970s, all three northern New England states and New York proposed two new Interstate Highway corridors, both of which may have been designated as Interstate 92:
- From Albany, New York, to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, incorporating the route that is now New Hampshire Route 101.
- From Glens Falls, New York, to Calais, Maine, tracing U.S. Route 4 through Vermont and New Hampshire.
The Federal Highway Administration ultimately did not approve the plan.
Then-Senator Olympia Snowe of Maine said in 2004 that the region is disadvantaged by the fact that it was the only region in the United States for which a federal High Priority Corridor was not designated in the 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act.
In 2012, the east–west highway was again proposed, this time as a privately financed toll road.
Current backers of the highway propose an east–west axis through northern and central Maine — these could cover up to three existing surface ports of entry on the U.S.-Canada border, two from Québec; and one from New Brunswick. Any new highway achieving the New Brunswick crossing would run from Interstate 395 in Brewer, Maine, to the Canada–United States border near Calais, with a direct link to New Brunswick Route 1—a major transportation corridor serving the Maritimes. A potential obstacle to the eastern end of such an American highway could be the presence of the Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge, as its "Baring division's" easternmost extremities, on the American side, lie close to the International Avenue Bridge that crosses the international border between Maine and New Brunswick in the area. The more-southerly located link with Québec would travel northwest from Interstate 95 near Waterville, Maine, to the Canada–United States border at Coburn Gore, with a connection to a proposed extension of the Canton de l'Est extension of Quebec's Autoroute 10 eastwards from Montreal. One possible routing for an "east-west freeway" would travel due west from Interstate 95 near Waterville, following the U.S. Route 2 corridor through Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and upper New York state. The more northerly-located link to Québec would exist with Autoroute 73, whose Chaudière-Appalaches proposed southeast extension within Quebec could link through, and generally heads directly towards (as Quebec Route 173 already does), the existing Armstrong–Jackman Border Crossing some 57 km (34 miles) northeast of Coburn Gore, ME, despite no link to the American Interstate Highway System existing or planned to exist to it — only the two-lane U.S. Route 201 - Maine State Route 6 currently has a northern terminus at that specific port of entry.
The only existing mainline freeway link on both sides of the border between any part of New England and Canada that does not become a two-way road within any close proximity of the crossing is the north-south linkup at the Derby Line–Rock Island Border Crossing, between Interstate 91 in Vermont and Quebec Autoroute 55. The current port of entry opened in 1978.
Northern New England is served by three north–south freeways radiating generally northwards from Boston, Massachusetts — from east to west, I-95, Interstate 93 and U.S. Route 3 all coming from or through the Boston metro area, and westernmost of all, by Interstate 91, which follows the Connecticut River. However, the northernmost complete east–west freeway existing within the region, Interstate 90 in Massachusetts, does not enter northern New England. East–west travel through (and within) northern New England is facilitated by three freeway segments:
- Interstate 89 between Montpelier, Vermont, and Burlington.
- US-4 west of Rutland, Vermont, to the New York state line.
- New Hampshire Route 101 from Manchester, New Hampshire, eastward to the ocean.
The presence of Massachusetts Route 2 as a signed east-west Massachusetts state roadway, whose own east-west route to New York State lies between Interstate 90 to its south, and the Massachusetts-Northern New England border, is not as significant as MA Route 2 does not exist as a freeway through much of its length.
A number of groups in Maine oppose the creation of the East-West Highway / Corridor, citing environmental concerns such as the impact on wetlands and the risks of oil spills from pipelines along the corridor, as well as the increased impact of sprawl-type development. The issue has led to repeated protests and was one of the few areas of agreement between the candidates for governor of Maine in 2014.
- New York portal
- Vermont portal
- New Hampshire portal
- U.S. Roads portal
- Interstate 98
- New Brunswick Route 1, a Canadian freeway whose western end is nearest to Calais, Maine
- Quebec Autoroute 73, another Canadian freeway that's proposed to head towards the Maine/Canada border
- Future Interstate Highways
- Senator Olympia Snowe (25 June 2004). "East–West Highway Will Connect Mainers to All Points In-Between and Beyond". Weekly Senate Update. Archived from the original on 2011-07-01.
- Russell, Eric (February 16, 2012). "Transportation Committee passes bill for east-west highway study". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- Turkel, Tux (December 11, 2012). "Opposition intensifies to proposed East-West Highway in Maine". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved 2014-08-07.
- Sharon, Susan (May 27, 2014). "Maine Grandmothers Unite to Halt Plans for New Highway". mainepublic.org. Retrieved 2014-08-07.
- Tapley, Lance (September 6, 2012). "15 reasons the East-West Highway will never be built (plus a political bonus!)". The Portland Phoenix. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved 2014-08-07 – via Wayback Machine.
- Moretto, Mario (July 20, 2014). "Gubernatorial candidates see eye to eye — mostly — on Maine's proposed east-west highway". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 2014-08-07.