East 180th Street (IRT White Plains Road Line)

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East 180th Street
"2" train"5" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
East 180th Street-Morris Park Avenue.jpg
Northbound view of the station platforms, with the East 180th Street Yard off to the left.
Station statistics
Address East 180th Street & Morris Park Avenue
Bronx, NY 10460
Borough The Bronx
Locale Van Nest and West Farms
Coordinates 40°50′28″N 73°52′26″W / 40.841°N 73.874°W / 40.841; -73.874Coordinates: 40°50′28″N 73°52′26″W / 40.841°N 73.874°W / 40.841; -73.874
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT White Plains Road Line
Services       2 all times (all times)
      5 all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: Bx21
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM10
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened March 3, 1917; 100 years ago (1917-03-03)
Station code 426[1]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Former/other names East 180th Street–Morris Park Avenue
Traffic
Passengers (2016) 2,518,622[2]Increase 6.4%
Rank 199 out of 422
Station succession
Next north Gun Hill Road (White Plains express): no regular service
Bronx Park East (White Plains local): 2 weekdays and late nights5 weekends and some peak-direction rush hour trips
Pelham Parkway (Dyre express): no regular service
Morris Park (Dyre local): 2 weekends and weekend late nights5 weekdays and weekday late nights
Next south West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue (local): 2 all times5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction
Third Avenue–149th Street (express): 5 rush hours until 8:45, peak direction
(Terminal): 5 late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north Gun Hill Road (White Plains express): no regular service
Pelham Parkway (White Plains local): 2 weekdays and late nights5 weekends and some peak-direction rush hour trips
none: 2 weekends and weekend late nights5 weekdays and weekday late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south Simpson Street (local): 2 all times5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction
Third Avenue–149th Street (express): 5 rush hours until 8:45, peak direction
none: 5 late nights

East 180th Street (originally East 180th Street–Morris Park Avenue) is an elevated express station on the IRT White Plains Road Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of East 180th Street and Morris Park Avenue in the Bronx, it is served by the 2 and 5 trains at all times.

Station layout[edit]

3F Crossover Restricted access
2F
Platforms
Southbound local "2" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College weekdays, South Ferry weekends (West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue)
"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College except AM rush, evenings, and late nights on weekdays, Bowling Green weekday evenings (West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Peak-direction express "5" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College (AM rush) (Third Avenue–149th Street)
"5" train toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue (PM rush and weekday late nights) (Morris Park)
(No service: Pelham Parkway/Esplanade (Dyre))
"5" train toward Nereid Avenue (PM rush) (Bronx Park East)
(No service: Gun Hill Road/White Plains Road (Nereid))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local "2" train weekdays ("5" train weekends) toward 241st Street (Bronx Park East)
"5" train weekdays except PM rush and late nights ("2" train weekends) toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue (Morris Park)
(No service: Pelham Parkway/Esplanade (Dyre))
Gap between platforms
Former NYW&B southbound No service
Island platform, not in service
Former NYW&B northbound No service
1F Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevators inside station house on NW corner of East 180th Street and Morris Park Avenue)
G Street Level Exit / Entrance
Track layout
to Gun Hill Rd
(White Plains)
E 180 St Yd
maintenance tracks
E 180 St Yd
layup tracks
NYW&B platforms
Subway platforms
to W Farms Sq /
E Tremont Av
Revenue service track
Non-revenue/yard track

The station was opened on March 3, 1917, as part of the Dual Contracts program,[3] and was one of the first in a series of stations extending the White Plains Road Line from 177th Street to 238th Street. It also served as a connection to the 1912-built New York, Westchester and Boston Railroad Administration Building and East 180th Street NYW&B station.

New York City Subway platforms[edit]

The New York City Subway station has two island platforms and three tracks. All 2 trains, and 5 trains at all times except rush hours and late nights, stop at the outer tracks. The center track is used by 5 service during rush hours in the peak direction (when it runs express to or from Third Avenue–149th Street) and late nights (when shuttle trains from Eastchester–Dyre Avenue terminate here). The express run to Third Avenue–149th Street is 3.4 miles (5.5 km) long and bypasses seven stations, making it the second-longest express run in the system, after the 3.5-mile (5.6 km) express run between 125th Street and 59th Street–Columbus Circle on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, which also bypasses seven stations.

The south end of the platforms has a staff-only bridge allowing access from the platforms to the East 180th Street Yard directly to the west.

Heading north, after West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue, trains turn east and enter the S-curve to East 180th Street. To the northeast are the Unionport Yard and a signal tower; just to the northwest is the flyover that carries the southbound track of the IRT Dyre Avenue Line. The 2 train continues on the IRT White Plains Road Line to Wakefield–241st Street on weekdays, and diverges to the Dyre Avenue Line on weekends. The 5 train diverges to the Dyre Avenue Line northeast during weekdays, while it continues on the White Plains Road Line during rush hours in the peak direction as well as on weekends. Some rush-peak 5 trains on the White Plains Road Line run to Nereid Avenue, while weekend trains go to Wakefield–241st Street.

Exits[edit]

Until the 1980s, the station had escalators to the street level via a mezzanine, the remains of which are visible beneath the tracks. A walk is now required to reach fare control, which is in the former New York, Westchester and Boston Railway station house. A secondary exit leads to 180th Street.[4]

New York, Westchester and Boston Railway platforms[edit]

Disused platform of the New York, Westchester, and Boston Railway

Directly to the east of the platforms are the platforms of the old New York, Westchester and Boston Railway's 180th Street station.[5] The station was designed by Fellheimer & Long with Allen H. Stem Associated Architects.[6] Its design is reminiscent of late 19th and early 20th century revivals. After the demise of NYW&B in 1937, a portion of the main line was bought by the city of New York, which converted it into the subway and renamed it the IRT Dyre Avenue Line. The line north of Dyre Avenue and south of East 180th Street was abandoned and demolished, leaving the Dyre Avenue Line with no rail connections, so subway service debuted in 1940 as a full-time shuttle.

In 1957, a flyover connection between the IRT White Plains Road and Dyre Avenue Lines opened, allowing trains from the latter to travel to Manhattan and Brooklyn. All services that formerly used the NYW&B tracks and platforms moved to the White Plains Road Line platforms and tracks. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on April 23, 1980.[7]

The original NYW&B station house on Morris Park Avenue is still in use as the main entrance. It is also home to some office space, a small convenience store, and until recently, a New York City Transit Police precinct (which now has a building across the street from the station entrance). Restoration of the station house was completed by MTA in 2013.[8]

Rehabilitation[edit]

The main entrance
South entrance

From March 2010 to mid-2012, the station underwent a rehabilitation coordinated by Lee Harris Pomeroy Architects.[9][10] Improvements included fixing up the entrance and forecourt; replacing parts of the canopy roof, track beds, platforms and platform edges; adding new elevator access to improve circulation; and repairing electrical, mechanical, plumbing, lighting and communication equipment. Community groups hoped to see the return of businesses inside the station such as a barber shop, shoe repair, and dry cleaners which existed many decades ago.[11]

The New York City Transit Authority paid $66.6 million for the station's renovation and Citnalta Construction Corporation, the general contractor, contributed the cost of the 45-inch clock with Roman numerals on the facade.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ "The Dual System of Rapid Transit (1912)". nycsubway.org. 
  4. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Bronx Zoo" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "100 Years Later, a Railroad Landmark Is Revived". The New York Times City Room Blogs. 
  6. ^ Potter, Janet Greenstein (1996). Great American Railroad Stations. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 174. ISBN 978-0471143895. 
  7. ^ "State Listings New York". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 
  8. ^ "MTA Restores Historic Bronx Subway Station". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 13, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. (January 31, 2013). "100 Years Later, a Railroad Landmark Is Revived". The New York Times. p. A22. Retrieved November 1, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Lee Harris Pomery Architects, P.C". East 180th Street Station Restoration. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  11. ^ Mitchell, Max (August 25, 2010). "Station rehab may bring in new stores". Bronx-Times Reporter. p. 8. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 

External links[edit]