East African Federation
|Motto: "One People One Destiny"|
|Anthem: EAC Anthem|
An orthographic projection of the world, highlighting the proposed East African Federation's territory (green).
|Largest city||Dar es Salaam|
|•||East African Community||7 July 2000|
|•||East African Federation (established)||2016|
|•||Total||1,820,664 km2 (17th)
702,962 sq mi
|•||2014 estimate||153,301,178 (10th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2013 estimate|
|•||Total||US$ 297.791 billion|
|•||Per capita||US$ 1,942|
|GDP (nominal)||2013 estimate|
|•||Total||US$ 122.672 billion|
|•||Per capita||US$ 800|
|Currency||East African shilling|
|Time zone||CAT / EAT (UTC+2 / +3)|
The East African Federation (Swahili: Shirikisho la Afrika Mashariki) is a proposed political union of the five sovereign states of the East African Community – Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda – as a single federated sovereign state. As of 2014, the five states have expressed support for the union, but negotiations continue concerning issues such as the extent of members' sovereignty and timing of implementation.
At 1,820,664 km², the East African Federation would be the fourth largest nation in Africa and seventeenth in the world. With a population of 153,301,178, it would also be the second most populous nation in Africa (after Nigeria) and tenth in the world. Its population would be larger than that of Russia, Japan and Mexico, and half that of the United States. a The population density would be 84.2 people/km².
Swahili would be the lingua franca and the official language would be English. The proposed capital is the Tanzanian city of Arusha, which is close to the Kenyan border. Arusha is the current headquarters of the East African Community.
The union's proposed currency would be the East African shilling, already slated to become the common currency of the five countries in 2015 or later. The GDP (PPP) by (CIA World Factbook) estimate would be US$297,791,000,000 and be the fifth largest in Africa and 48th in the world. The GDP per capita would be US$1,942.
The federation of the current East African Community into a single state has been discussed, with early estimates of the founding of the federation in 2013. In 2010, the EAC launched its own common market for goods, labour and capital within the region, with the goal of a common currency by 2013 and full political federation in 2015.
It is unclear how the potential accession of South Sudan to the EAC may affect the timeline for federation or the scope thereof, but given the infrastructure problems that persist in the fledgling country since President Salva Kiir Mayardit cut off oil commerce with Sudan, the South has decided to invest in constructing pipelines that circumvent Sudan's, which they had been using hitherto. These new pipelines would extend through Ethiopia to the ports of Djibouti, as well as to the southeast to the coast of Kenya. These collaborations could increase the likelihood of South Sudan joining the East African Federation at some point.
As of December 2014, efforts for a full political federation have been pushed back to 2016.
- CIA World Factbook - Country Comparison :: Population
- "Uganda Sunday Vision (2004-11-28): One president for EA by 2010". Sundayvision.co.ug. 2004-11-28. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- CHRISTABEL LIGAMI (3 May 2014). "Sharp differences emerge over structure, timing of EAC political federation". The East African. Retrieved 3 Apr 2015.
- The African Executive. "James Shikwati (2006-06-14) The Benefits of the East Africa Federation to the Youth. The African Executive". Africanexecutive.com. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- http://af.reuters.com/article/kenyaNews/idAFLDE65T2AJ201007001?sp=true[dead link]
- "South Sudan Oil Transit to Resume, Lamu Project will continue". GroundReport. 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- Sudan Tribune. "ST (2013-10-15) Uganda hosts meeting of experts to fast-track political federation of East Africa". SudanTribune.com. Retrieved 2013-10-20.
- "East Africa: Further Delays for the EAC Political Federation". December 20, 2014. Retrieved May 4, 2015.