East Asian blepharoplasty
|East Asian blepharoplasty|
A South Korean woman, before (left) and after (right) undergoing East Asian blepharoplasty
East Asian blepharoplasty, also known as "double eyelid surgery", is a type of cosmetic surgery where the skin around the eye is reshaped (blepharoplasty). The purpose of the procedure is to create an upper eyelid with a crease (i.e. "double eyelid") from an eyelid that is naturally without a crease (also known as a "single eyelid" or "monolid").
Anatomically, there are a number of subtle differences in the upper eyelids of East Asians, compared with the eyelids of Europeans and Sub-Saharan Africans. While some East Asians have a double eyelid and some do not, there is also a large variation in the crease position (double eyelid size) of the East Asian upper eyelid. The upper lid fold can range from 1 mm (0.039 in) above the eyelash line to about 10 mm (0.39 in). Several methods can be used to create the double eyelid — including the full-incisional, partial incision and no incision methods (e.g. the DST method). Each has its advantages depending on the patient's anatomy and desires.
East Asian blepharoplasty have been reported to be the most common aesthetic procedure in Taiwan, South Korea and other parts of East Asia and is also frequently performed in Northeast Indian states such as Assam. The procedure has been reported to have some risk of complications, but is generally quite safe if done by an expert plastic surgeon. Practitioners of East Asian blepharoplasty include plastic surgeons (facial plastic and reconstructive surgeons), otolaryngologists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and ophthalmologists (oculoplastic surgeons). A procedure to remove the epicanthal fold (i.e. an epicanthoplasty) is often performed in conjunction with an East Asian blepharoplasty.
The procedure to alter the natural East Asian "single eyelid" appearance has been a subject of controversy. For example, opponents of the procedure described it as being "indoctrinated by white standards of beauty", although New York-based cosmetic surgeon Dr. Edward Kwan states that many patients who get the procedure done are "not trying to look white", but look like the many East Asians who naturally have an eyelid fold. There is also a belief that double eyelids provide a more energetic appearance, and the procedure is popular among high school graduates in China with the view that it will improve their job prospects.
- Chen WP (January 1996). "Concept of triangular, trapezoidal, and rectangular debulking of eyelid tissues: application in Asian blepharoplasty". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 97 (1): 212–8. doi:10.1097/00006534-199601000-00035. PMID 8532781.
- Jeong S, Lemke BN, Dortzbach RK, Park YG, Kang HK (July 1999). "The Asian upper eyelid: an anatomical study with comparison to the Caucasian eyelid". Archives of Ophthalmology. 117 (7): 907–12. doi:10.1001/archopht.117.7.907. PMID 10408455.
- Liao WC, Tung TC, Tsai TR, Wang CY, Lin CH (2005). "Celebrity arcade suture blepharoplasty for double eyelid". Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 29 (6): 540–5. doi:10.1007/s00266-005-0012-5. PMID 16237581.
- Chen SH, Mardini S, Chen HC, et al. (October 2004). "Strategies for a successful corrective Asian blepharoplasty after previously failed revisions". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 114 (5): 1270–7, discussion 1278–9. doi:10.1097/01.prs.0000135951.55118.59. PMID 15457048.
- Yen MT, Jordan DR, Anderson RL (January 2002). "No-scar Asian epicanthoplasty: a subcutaneous approach". Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 18 (1): 40–4. doi:10.1097/00002341-200201000-00006. PMID 11910323.
- Waldmeir, Patti (23 July 2013). "When one pair of eyelids isn't enough". Financial Times. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
|This surgery article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|