East Atlantic Flyway
The East Atlantic Flyway is a migration route used by about 90 million birds annually, passing from their breeding areas in United States Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Siberia and northern Europe to wintering areas in western Europe and on to southern Africa. It is one of the eight major flyways used by waders and shorebirds. The migrants follow a great circle route, which is shorter although more challenging. When avoiding the barriers created by the Sahara Desert and Atlas Mountains, European honey buzzards were found to overcompensate for the winds they expected to encounter, and take a longer route than was necessary.
Important key sites on the flyway include:
- Lake Ladoga (St. Petersburg, Russia)
- Haapsalu, Matsalu (Estonia)
- Nemunas Delta (Lithuanian demonstration site)
- Wadden Sea (Netherlands, Germany, Denmark)
- Vendée Reserve (France)
- Doñana National Park (Spain)
- Merja Zerga (Morocco)
- Banc d'Arguin National Park (Mauritania)
- Diawling-Djoudj (Senegal, Mauritania)
- Saloum-Niumi (Senegal, Gambia)
- Archipel Bijagos (Guinea-Bissau)
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