East Barsham Manor

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East Barsham Manor

East Barsham Manor is an important work of Tudor architecture, originally built in or around 1520.[1] It is located in the village of East Barsham, about 3 miles (5 km) north of the town of Fakenham in the English county of Norfolk. It is protected as a Grade I listed building.[2]

History[edit]

The two-storey manor house was built for Sir Henry Fermor between circa 1520 and 1530.[2] It was used as a base by Henry VIII when visiting the nearby Walsingham shrine. [3]

After the Fermors the house passed to the Calthorpes who had married into the Fermor family. Later it was owned by the L'Estranges c1720 and then the Astleys. During these years, the house barely changed. However, in the 18th century it fell into decline.

By the 19th century it was largely derelict, and was visited by lovers of romantic ruins. It was restored in the 1920s and 1930s. [2] The house was owned for many years by Sir John Guinness, a former diplomat who also helped found the National Heritage Memorial Fund. He sold it after the death of his wife in 2014 for £2.75m.[4]

Brickwork[edit]

East Barsham is noteworthy for its ornate Tudor brickwork, and its cluster of 10 chimneys. Sir Henry built it not only with "a brick gatehouse, ribbed, turreted and emblazoned with his coat of arms, but a grand exuberance of chimneys, clustered together in double banks of five, each individual stack to a different design." [5]

It was built contemporaneously with Sutton Place, Surrey (1520s), also built in brick, to which it is comparable.[6]

Architectural legacy[edit]

The entrance front of Dalmeny House in Scotland, designed by William Wilkins in 1814, is based on the facade of East Barsham Manor.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "East Barsham". North Norfolk Tourist Information. Retrieved 22 December 2005. 
  2. ^ a b c Historic England. "Manor, Fakenham Road (1049454)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Cumming, Ed. "For sale: Tudor home that hosted Henry VIII and his tragic queens". Daily Telegraph. 
  4. ^ Cumming, Ed. "For sale: Tudor home that hosted Henry VIII and his tragic queens". Daily Telegraph. 
  5. ^ Clive Aslet, "Celebrating England's Chimneypots," Daily Telegraph, 27 October 2011. Aslet was critiquing John Goodall's book, The English Castle. Accessed 19 March 2012.
  6. ^ Harrison, Frederic. Annals of an Old Manor House: Sutton Place, Guildford. London, 1899, p.164
  7. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh; Sykes, Christopher Simon. Great Houses of Scotland. p. 85. 
  8. ^ "Dalmeny House: Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. 

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 52°52′07″N 0°50′49″E / 52.8685°N 0.8470°E / 52.8685; 0.8470