East Bird's Head languages

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East Bird's Head
Linguistic classification Extended West Papuan ?
  • Mantion
  • Meax
Glottolog east1459[1]
East Bird's Head languages (in red)

The East Bird's Head languages form a language family of three languages in the "Bird's Head Peninsula" of western New Guinea, spoken by only 20,000 people in all.

Stephen Wurm identifies the subdivisions of his Papuan classification as families (on the order of the Germanic languages), stocks (on the order of the Indo-European languages), and phyla (on the order of the Nostratic hypothesis). East Bird's Head is a stock in this terminology. A language that is not related to any other at a family level, such as Greek within Indo-European, will be called an isolate in this scheme.


East Bird's Head stock (3 languages)


The pronouns Ross reconstructs for the family's proto-language are:

Person Singular Plural
exclusive inclusive
1st *da, *di- *meme, *me- *mimi, *mi-
2nd *ba, *bi- *ia, *i-
3rd *e, *- *rua, *ri-

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "East Bird's Head". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.