East Carroll Parish, Louisiana

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East Carroll Parish, Louisiana
East Carroll Parish, LA, Courthouse IMG 7409.JPG
East Carroll Parish Courthouse in Lake Providence
Map of Louisiana highlighting East Carroll Parish
Location in the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded March 26, 1877
Named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Seat Lake Providence
Largest town Lake Providence
Area
 • Total 442 sq mi (1,145 km2)
 • Land 421 sq mi (1,090 km2)
 • Water 22 sq mi (57 km2), 4.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 7,307
 • Density 18/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

East Carroll Parish (French: Paroisse de Carroll Est) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,759.[1] The parish seat is Lake Providence.[2]

The original Carroll Parish, before it was divided into "East" and "West" segments, was named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton,[3] Maryland, the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence and the last surviving signer of the document. The parish was split in 1877.[4] Prior to 1814, all of the territory covered by the current East Carroll Parish was part of the now defunct Warren Parish.

The famous black bear hunt waged in 1907 by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt began in East Carroll Parish near Lake Providence. When a particular bear managed to elude the hunters, the camp was moved to Bear Lake in Madison Parish near Tallulah. The 21-year-old Arthur Spencer of Richland Parish took a picture of Roosevelt in the heavily armed hunting party. Among the hunters was future Governor John M. Parker, the vice-presidential choice of the Bull Moose Party ticket in the 1916 presidential election.[5]

Law and government[edit]

East Carroll Parish is heavily Democratic in political configuration.

In 1988, Governor Michael S. Dukakis of Massachusetts carried East Carroll Parish over then Vice President George Herbert Walker Bush, himself a Massachusetts native, 1,809 votes (52.3 percent) to 1,536 (44.4 percent).[6] In the 2004 presidential race, East Carroll gave the George W. Bush - Richard B. Cheney electors 1,357 votes (40 percent) to 1,980 ballots (58 percent) for the Democrat John Kerry - John Edwards slate.[7]

In 2012, U.S. President Barack H. Obama swept the parish with 2,478 votes (61.8 percent) to Republican Mitt Romney's 1,508 (37.6 percent).[8] In 2008, Obama had handily defeated John S. McCain in East Carroll Parish, 2,267 (63.7 percent) to 1,254 (35.2 percent).[9]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 442 square miles (1,140 km2), of which 421 square miles (1,090 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (4.9%) is water.[10]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties and parishes[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 12,134
1890 12,362 1.9%
1900 11,373 −8.0%
1910 11,637 2.3%
1920 11,231 −3.5%
1930 15,815 40.8%
1940 19,023 20.3%
1950 16,302 −14.3%
1960 14,433 −11.5%
1970 12,884 −10.7%
1980 11,772 −8.6%
1990 9,709 −17.5%
2000 9,421 −3.0%
2010 7,759 −17.6%
Est. 2016 7,271 [11] −6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2013[1]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 9,421 people, 2,969 households, and 2,140 families residing in the parish. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 3,303 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 31.60% White, 67.29% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,969 households out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.00% were married couples living together, 27.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the parish the population was spread out with 30.30% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 18.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 104.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.90 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $20,723, and the median income for a family was $24,554. Males had a median income of $22,099 versus $18,672 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $9,629. About 32.60% of families and 40.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 56.80% of those under age 18 and 32.70% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.

2011 poverty data[edit]

Of 3,197 counties ranked by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2011 for "estimated percent of people of all ages in poverty", East Carroll Parish was fifth. It was estimated that 44 percent of the county's residents lived in poverty.[17]

Education[edit]

Public schools in East Carroll Parish are operated by the East Carroll Parish School Board. In an infographic released by Graphiq, East Carroll Parish is ranked as the least educated parish in Louisiana with 32.29% of 25 year-olds without a high school diploma and 9.4% of 25 year-olds with a bachelor's degree or higher.[18]

Communities[edit]

Map of East Carroll Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated Communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 36.0% 1,059 62.5% 1,838 1.4% 42
2012 37.6% 1,508 61.8% 2,478 0.6% 22
2008 35.2% 1,254 63.7% 2,267 1.1% 38
2004 40.0% 1,357 58.3% 1,980 1.7% 58
2000 39.5% 1,280 57.8% 1,876 2.7% 89
1996 29.6% 1,008 63.0% 2,149 7.4% 254
1992 33.8% 1,142 54.4% 1,835 11.8% 398
1988 44.4% 1,536 52.3% 1,809 3.3% 115
1984 47.8% 1,974 50.6% 2,089 1.7% 69
1980 44.1% 1,867 54.0% 2,283 1.9% 81
1976 40.4% 1,681 56.9% 2,367 2.7% 110
1972 48.4% 1,736 46.3% 1,661 5.3% 190
1968 13.9% 586 45.7% 1,926 40.5% 1,706
1964 85.0% 1,486 15.0% 263 0.0% 0
1960 29.4% 448 23.9% 364 46.7% 712
1956 30.8% 415 40.5% 545 28.7% 387
1952 45.2% 757 54.8% 918 0.0% 0
1948 10.5% 116 29.3% 323 60.2% 665
1944 27.9% 357 72.2% 925 0.0% 0
1940 20.9% 270 79.2% 1,025 0.0% 0
1936 10.5% 95 89.5% 811 0.0% 0
1932 3.1% 24 96.9% 751 0.0% 0
1928 23.0% 130 77.0% 436 0.0% 0
1924 20.4% 71 79.6% 277 0.0% 0
1920 3.1% 8 96.9% 247 0.0% 0
1916 1.4% 3 98.7% 219 0.0% 0
1912 2.1% 4 86.1% 161 11.8% 22

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 112. 
  4. ^ "East Carroll Parish". Center for Cultural and Eco-tourism. Retrieved September 4, 2014. 
  5. ^ "East Carroll Parish Genealogy". eastcarrollparishlouisianagenealogy.blogspot.com. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  6. ^ "East Carroll Parish presidential election returns, November 8, 1988". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  7. ^ "East Carroll Parish presidential election returns, November 2, 2004". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Louisiana general election returns, November 6, 2012". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 
  9. ^ "East Carroll Parish presidential election returns, November 4, 2008". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ "Table 1: 2011 Poverty and Median Income Estimates - Counties". Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. 2011. 
  18. ^ "The least educated place in every state". www.msn.com. Retrieved 2017-01-03. 
  19. ^ "Tensas bank suspect blamed ex-girlfriend's family, wanted to leave country, August 15, 2013". Alexandria Daily Town Talk. Retrieved August 15, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Judge James N. Lee (ret.)". Alexandria Town Talk. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  21. ^ "James E. Paxton". sixthda.com. Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
  22. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 32°44′N 91°14′W / 32.73°N 91.24°W / 32.73; -91.24