East Chadic languages

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East Chadic
Chad, Cameroon
Linguistic classificationAfro-Asiatic
  • East Chadic A
  • East Chadic B
East chadic languages.jpg
East Chadic per Newman (1977)

The three dozen East Chadic languages of the Chadic family are spoken in Chad and Cameroon.[2]


The branches of East Chadic go either by names or by letters and numbers in an outline format.[3]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "East Chadic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Ethnologue: Languages of the World (unknown ed.). SIL International.[This citation is dated, and should be substituted with a specific edition of Ethnologue]
  3. ^ Blench, 2006. The Afro-Asiatic Languages: Classification and Reference List (ms); Buso deleted as a separate branch per Hammarström (2015)
  4. ^ a b Languages in both the Nancere and Gabri branches go by the names of Kimre and Gabri. The two branches together are sometimes also called Gabri.
  5. ^ Previously considered a dialect of Saba
  6. ^ Kujargé appears to have ties with the Mubi languages, but perhaps not genetic ones. Its classification is uncertain.
  7. ^ Previously classified as Dangla