East Challow

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East Challow
EastChallow StNicolas northwest.JPG
St Nicholas' parish church
East Challow is located in Oxfordshire
East Challow
East Challow
East Challow shown within Oxfordshire
Population 769 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference SU3888
Civil parish
  • East Challow
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Wantage
Postcode district OX12
Dialling code 01235
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°35′22″N 1°27′06″W / 51.5895°N 1.4516°W / 51.5895; -1.4516Coordinates: 51°35′22″N 1°27′06″W / 51.5895°N 1.4516°W / 51.5895; -1.4516

East Challow is a village and civil parish about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Wantage in the Vale of White Horse. Historically it was part of the ecclesiastical parish of Letcombe Regis, but since 1852 East and West Challow have formed their own single ecclesiastical parish.[2] East Challow was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred the Vale of White Horse to Oxfordshire.

Toponym[edit]

Challow's toponym was Ceueslaue in the time of the Domesday Book in 1086.[2] 13th century variants included Chaulea, Chaulauhe, Chawelawe and Shawelawe.[2]

Church and mission[edit]

Church of England[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St Nicolas was a-12th century Norman building, but the font and some masonry of the nave are now almost the only original features that survive.[2] In the 13th century the chancel and chancel arch were rebuilt and the bell-cot and three-bay north aisle was added.[3] The Decorated Gothic south chapel was added early in the 14th century.[3]

The communion table was made in the 17th century.[2] In the 18th century the aisle was rebuilt in brick and a porch was added over a 12th-century doorway.[2] In 1858 St. Nicolas' was drastically restored,[3] with the aisle and west front being rebuilt and the nave re-roofed.[2] The rebuilding of the west front removed a 12th-century west doorway and a 15th-century west window above it.[2] In 1884 the west tower was added at the west end of the aisle.[2][3] The oak rood screen was added in 1905.[2]

St. Nicolas' has two bells.[2] They are not dated, but the smaller was cast by Robert Wells of Aldbourne, Wiltshire,[2] which makes it very likely to be 18th-century.

The Mission

The Mission[edit]

The Mission is a Free Church that was built in 1904.[4]

Amenities[edit]

East Challow has a public house, the Goodlake Arms, that was once controlled by Morland Brewery. Vicarage Hill, the village cricket ground, hosts some home matches of Oxfordshire County Cricket Club.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: East Challow (Parish): Usual Resident Population, 2011 (KS101EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 222–228
  3. ^ a b c d Pevsner 1966, p. 131
  4. ^ "Home". The Mission, East Challow. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Ground profile: Vicarage Hill, East Challow". CricketArchive. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 

Sources[edit]