East Chicago, Indiana
|East Chicago, Indiana|
|Nickname(s): Indiana Harbor, The Harbor, E.C., The Twin City (East Chicago & Indiana Harbor neighborhoods – used in the early 1900s).|
|Motto(s): "Progredemur" (We Progress)
and A City of Hope and Progress
Location of East Chicago in Lake County, Indiana.
|• Mayor||Anthony Copeland (D)|
|• City Council|
|• City Clerk||Mary Morris Leonard (D)|
|• City Judge||Sonya Morris (D)|
|• Total||16.16 sq mi (41.84 km2)|
|• Land||14.09 sq mi (36.49 km2)|
|• Water||2.07 sq mi (5.35 km2)|
|Elevation||591 ft (180 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||28,418|
|• Density||2,016.89/sq mi (778.75/km2)|
|Standard of living (2008-12)|
|• Per capita income||$13,457|
|• Median home value||$86,800|
|Time zone||Central (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||Central (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0433875|
|Interstate, U.S. and State Routes||
|South Shore Line station||
|Public transit||East Chicago Transit|
|Source: US Census Bureau|
For 105 years, East Chicago was home to the Inland Steel Company (1893-1998).
In 2009, parts of East Chicago were discovered to have toxic lead and arsenic contamination, designated the USS Lead Superfund Site. The Superfund site is divided into three zones, with public housing and residential properties. Residents' decades-long concerns about lead contamination were confirmed in 2016 via EPA testing, especially affecting over 270 families in the West Calumet Housing Complex. As Governor of Indiana, Vice-President Mike Pence declined to declare the Superfund site a state emergency; his successor Governor Eric Holcomb has issued Executive Order 17-13, declaring a disaster emergency in East Chicago.
According to the 2010 census, East Chicago has a total area of 16.155 square miles (41.84 km2), of which 14.09 square miles (36.49 km2) (or 87.22%) is land and 2.065 square miles (5.35 km2) (or 12.78%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 29,698 people, 10,724 households, and 7,197 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,107.7 inhabitants per square mile (813.8/km2). There were 12,958 housing units at an average density of 919.7 per square mile (355.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 42.9% African American, 35.5% White, 0.6% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 18.1% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.9% of the population.
There were 10,724 households of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.9% were married couples living together, 31.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.42.
The median age in the city was 30.9 years. 31.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 11.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 32,414 people, 11,707 households, and 7,937 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,706.3 people per square mile (1,044.7/km²). There were 13,261 housing units at an average density of 1,107.2 per square mile (427.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 36.54% White, 36.08% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 23.98% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.61% of the population. Whites who are not Hispanic or Latino were 12.10% of the city's population. 54.3% spoke only English at home, while 42.9% Spanish and 1.2% Polish at home.
There were 11,707 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.8% were married couples living together, 26.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.41.
In the city, the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,538, and the median income for a family was $31,778. Males had a median income of $32,588 versus $21,678 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,517. About 22.5% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
The nearest commercial airport to East Chicago is the Gary/Chicago International Airport in neighboring Gary, but it does not have any scheduled passenger service. The closest commercial airport with scheduled passenger service is Chicago Midway Airport.
The South Shore Line (NICTD) has a station in East Chicago.
US 12 and US 20 go through the Indiana Harbor and East Chicago sections of the city, respectively, before joining up on both sides. Indiana State Road 912, the Cline Avenue Expressway, connects East Chicago with the Indiana Toll Road and Borman Expressway, and serves the casino and steel mills on the lakefront.
The city operates a free bus service known as East Chicago Transit. It features three routes: Route 1 Crosstown, Route 2 West Calumet, and Route 4 Woodmar Mall. GPRT Route 12 stops in East Chicago en route from Hammond to Gary. PACE operates Route 892, a special work shuttle between Gary, East Chicago and UPS' Hodgkins facility. Its schedule coincides with UPS workers' shifts. The route is operated in cooperation with UPS, which partially funds its operations.
- Indiana Harbor (East Chicago)
- East Chicago
- School City of East Chicago serves the city. All residents are zoned to East Chicago Central High School.
- Ivy Tech community college
East Chicago Public Library System operates a main library at 2401 East Columbus Drive and the Robert A. Pastrick Branch Library at 1008 West Chicago Avenue at Baring Avenue. East Chicago also has two charter school options, East Chicago Urban Enterprise (K-8), and East Chicago Lighthouse Charter School (K-7).
East Chicago is home to the following business and industry:
- ArcelorMittal's Indiana Harbor Works, the largest steel mill in the USA. Indiana Harbor Works comprises East mill, originally Inland Steel, and West mill, owned for most of its life by Youngstown Sheet and Tube.
- The Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal complex.
For 105 years, East Chicago was home to the Inland Steel Company (1893-1998).
- Gonzalo P. Curiel - US District Court judge
- Earl Harris - Indiana state legislator
- William C. Kavanaugh - Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- Vincent Mroz - Secret Service agent
- Jerome Reppa - Indiana lawyer and politician
- Richard Williams - diplomat, author, first US ambassador to Mongolia
- Emilio A. De La Garza, Jr. - U.S. Marine Corps, Medal of Honor recipient, Vietnam War
- Alexander Vraciu - U.S. Navy, Navy Cross, leading flying ace during World War II
- Movies - TV
- John Hubbard - actor
- Betsy Palmer - actress and television personality
- Frank Reynolds - ABC television news anchorman
- Steve Tesich - Academy Award-winning screenwriter
- Catfish Keith - blues singer, songwriter and slide guitarist
- Mighty Mo Rodgers - blues musician, songwriter and record producer
- Bob Anderson - Major League Baseball player
- Jim Bradley - professional basketball player
- Junior Bridgeman - NBA player for Milwaukee Bucks and businessman; jersey number retired by Bucks
- Larry Fritz - Major League Baseball player
- Jim Hicks - Major League Baseball player
- Danny Lazar - Major League Baseball pitcher
- Kenny Lofton - Major League Baseball player, 6-time All-Star, 4-time Gold Glove winner
- Angel Manfredy - professional boxer/title holder
- Monica Maxwell - professional basketball player
- E'Twaun Moore - professional basketball player
- Ilie Oană - football player and manager who represented and coached Romania national football team
- Frank Patrick - professional football player
- Stan Perzanowski - MLB pitcher
- Bridget Pettis - professional basketball player and coach
- Gregg Popovich - coach of San Antonio Spurs, 5-time NBA champion, 3-time NBA Coach of the Year
- Jason Repko - Major League Baseball outfielder for Boston Red Sox and Los Angeles Dodgers
- Kawann Short - Carolina Panthers professional football player
- Matt Smith - sports radio personality
- Ron Smith - NFL player
- Tim Stoddard - Major League Baseball pitcher and college basketball player, forward for NC State's 1974 NCAA basketball champions
- Pete Trgovich—played on 1971 Washington HS Indiana state championship team with Junior Bridgeman and Tim Stoddard, went on to play for legendary coach John Wooden at UCLA, winning 3 NCAA Championship rings
- Ray Wietecha - assistant coach to Vince Lombardi and NFL champion Green Bay Packers
- "East Chicago, Indiana". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved 2014-10-16.
- "2014 Public Officials Directory". Lake County Board of Elections and Voter's Registration. Retrieved 2014-06-10.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 28, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-09.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
- Smith, Stephanie; Mark, Steve (2011). "Marktown: Clayton Mark's Planned Worker Community in Northwest Indiana". South Shore Journal. 4. Archived from the original on 2012-09-13.
- "Lake County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- Baker, Ronald L. (October 1995). From Needmore to Prosperity: Hoosier Place Names in Folklore and History. Indiana University Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-253-32866-3.
...as the city is located east of Chicago...
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- 05, OEC, US EPA, REG. "USS Lead Superfund Site". www.epa.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
- 05, OEC, US EPA, REG. "West Calumet Housing Complex – East Chicago, Ind". www.epa.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
- Janzen, Nick (2016-09-02). "East Chicago Residents Scramble For Info After Lead Found In Soil". WFYI Public Media. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
- Erbentraut, Joseph (2017-02-16). "Mike Pence Ignored A Lead Contamination Crisis In His Backyard". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
- "Governor Holcomb: Executive Orders". www.in.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
- "East Chicago Lead Crisis Declared Emergency by Indiana Governor". Chicago, IL Patch. 2017-02-10. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
- "About ECPL." East Chicago Public Library. Retrieved on January 21, 2009.
- "Indiana Harbor". Facilities: Americas. ArcelorMittal. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
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