East Coast (New Zealand electorate)

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East Coast electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

East Coast is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate first existed from 1871 to 1893, and was recreated in 1999. The current MP for East Coast is Anne Tolley of the National Party, who has held office since 2005.[1]

Population centres[edit]

The electorate's main centres are Gisborne (32,529) and Tolaga Bay in the Gisborne Region; and Opotiki and Whakatane (18,800) in the eastern part of the Bay of Plenty Region. Wairoa, the northernmost town in the Hawke's Bay region, was excluded by the 2007 boundary changes. [1][2]

History[edit]

The East Coast electorate was first established for the 5th Parliament in 1871.[2] William Kelly was the first elected representative; he held the seat until the end of the term in 1875.[3]

The "most sensational electoral contest ever held in the East Coast" electorate was held in January 1876, when mysterious pieces of cardboard were distributed by supporters of George Read in Gisborne, which hotel bars accepted as legal tender. Read, George Morris and Kelly received 215, 206 and 185 votes, with another candidate coming a distant fourth. Morris petitioned against Read's election. A parliamentary committee of enquiry determined that Read had not broken any laws by approving the initiative, but the House of Representatives resolved that Read was to be unseated in favour of Morris, which happened later in 1876.[4][5] This was the last election enquiry held by a parliamentary committee. Subsequently, these enquiries were held by the courts.[6]

At the next election in 1879, Morris was defeated by Allan McDonald, who held the electorate until he resigned in 1884.[7]

Samuel Locke won the resulting by-election and was confirmed a few months later at the 1884 general election. He served until the end of the term of the 9th Parliament in 1887.[8]

Andrew Graham won the 1887 general election. He resigned in 1889 before the end of the term.[9] Alexander Creighton Arthur won the resulting 1889 by-election. Arthur and Kelly (the electorate's first representative in 1871) contested the 1890 general election, and Kelly was successful by a small margin, with 1022 to 1008 votes in his favour.[10] He served until the end of the term in 1893,[3] after which the electorate was abolished, and was replaced by the Bay of Plenty and Waiapu electorates.

Members of Parliament[edit]

From 1871 to 1893, the electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament. When the electorate was abolished the then current MP, William Kelly contested and won the new seat of Bay of Plenty. In 1999, the electorate was recreated from most of the Mahia, and part of the Bay of Plenty electorates. Since 1999 it has been represented by two MPs.

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Labour    National    United Future    Green  

Election Winner
1871 election William Kelly
1876 election George Read
George Morris1
1879 election Allan McDonald
1881 election
1884 by-election Samuel Locke
1884 election
1887 election Andrew Graham
1889 by-election Alexander Creighton Arthur
1890 election William Kelly
electorate abolished, 1893-1999
1999 election Janet Mackey
2002 election
2005 election Anne Tolley
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

1 See History section above.

List MPs[edit]

The following table lists Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the East Coast electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election List Member
2002 election Judy Turner
2005 election Moana Mackey
Judy Turner
2008 election Catherine Delahunty
Moana Mackey
2011 election Moana Mackey
2017 election Kiri Allan
Gareth Hughes

Election results[edit]

2017 election[edit]

General election, 2017: East Coast [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Anne Tolley 17,517 46.18 −5.74 17,011 44.03 -4.39
Labour Kiri Allan 12,710 33.51 +4.38 14,150 36.62 +13.98
NZ First Julian Tilley 2,916 7.69 +0.55 3,820 9.89 −1.90
Green Gareth Hughes 2,705 7.13 −0.57 1,770 4.58 −4.59
Opportunities Lesley Immink 1,142 3.01 905 2.34
Māori Rihi Vercoe 468 1.23 290 0.75 −0.19
Independent Tekawe Terence Ratu 52 0.14
Legalise Cannabis   124 0.32 −0.10
ACT   106 0.27 +0.04
Ban 1080   89 0.23 −0.11
Conservative   67 0.17 −3.89
Outdoors   37 0.10
United Future   32 0.08 −0.14
Mana   20 0.05
People's Party   15 0.04
Internet   7 0.02
Democrats   4 0.01 −0.07
Informal votes 422 188
Total Valid votes 37,932 38,636
National hold Majority 4,807 12.67 −10.12

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: East Coast[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Anne Tolley 18,074 51.92 +3.65 17,152 48.42 −1.35
Labour Moana Mackey 10,140 29.13 −2.69 8,022 22.64 −1.23
Green Gavin Maclean 2,679 7.70 −0.75 3,248 9.17 −1.43
NZ First Mere Takoko 2,485 7.14 +3.06 4,176 11.79 +3.26
Conservative Rick Drayson 784 2.25 −2.41 1,438 4.06 +1.04
Internet Patrick Salmon 259 0.74 +0.74
Democrats Harry Alchin Smith 86 0.25 +0.25 30 0.08 +0.05
Internet Mana   413 1.17 +0.42[a]
Māori   334 0.94 −0.11
Legalise Cannabis   150 0.42 −0.03
Ban 1080   122 0.34 +0.34
ACT   82 0.23 −0.71
United Future   78 0.22 −0.69
Independent Coalition   17 0.05 +0.05
Civilian   13 0.04 +0.04
Focus   4 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 305 148
Total Valid votes 34,812 35,427
Turnout 35,575 76.69 +2.16
National hold Majority 7,934 22.79 +6.33

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: East Coast[13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Anne Tolley 14,003 48.27 -4.18 14,804 49.77 +2.15
Labour Moana Mackey 9,229 31.82 -0.21 7,101 23.87 -7.78
Green Darryl Monteith 2,452 8.45 +3.09 3,154 10.60 +4.24
Conservative Kathy Sheldrake 1,352 4.66 +4.66 898 3.02 +3.02
NZ First Tamati Reid 1,184 4.08 -2.76 2,538 8.53 +2.68
United Future Martin Gibson 392 1.35 -1.96 271 0.91 -1.28
Mana Val Irwin 256 0.88 +0.88 224 0.75 +0.75
ACT John Norvill 140 0.48 +0.48 280 0.94 -1.62
Legalise Cannabis   133 0.45 +0.14
Māori   313 1.05 -0.38
Alliance   10 0.03 -0.03
Democrats   10 0.03 -0.004
Libertarianz   9 0.03 -0.01
Informal votes 616 233
Total Valid votes 29,008 29,976
National hold Majority 4,774 16.46 -3.98

Electorate (as at 21 October 2011): 40,533[14]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: East Coast[15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Anne Tolley 16,463 52.46 +7.65 15,160 47.63 +5.43
Labour Moana Mackey 10,050 32.02 -8.78 10,075 31.65 -7.34
NZ First Brendan Horan 2,147 6.84 +3.35 1,862 5.85 -0.92
Green Catherine Delahunty 1,684 5.37 +1.75 2,025 6.36 +2.11
United Future Judy Turner 1,040 3.31 -0.57 698 2.19 -0.76
ACT   816 2.56 +1.87
Māori   457 1.44 -0.16
Progressive   199 0.63 -0.37
Bill and Ben   175 0.55 -
Kiwi   115 0.36 -
Legalise Cannabis   99 0.31 +0.12
Family Party   83 0.26 -
Alliance   19 0.06 +0.00
Libertarianz   13 0.04 +0.02
Democrats   12 0.04 -0.03
Workers Party   10 0.03 -
Pacific   7 0.02 -
RONZ   5 0.02 +0.01
RAM   2 0.01 -
Informal votes 246 130
Total Valid votes 31,384 31,832
National hold Majority 6,413 20.43 +16.44

2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005: East Coast[16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Anne Tolley 13,666 44.80 +12.17 13,070 42.20 +20.43
Labour Moana Mackey 12,447 40.81 -10.83 12,076 38.99 -1.68
United Future Judy Turner 1,186 3.89 -1.70 916 2.96 -3.51
Green Catherine Delahunty 1,104 3.62 -1.35 1,316 4.25 -1.45
NZ First Joe Glen 1,064 3.49 2,098 6.77 -7.11
Māori John Harré 589 1.93 494 1.59
ACT Bill Sadler 446 1.46 -0.57 214 0.69 -4.17
Destiny   336 1.08
Progressive   309 1.00 -0.68
Legalise Cannabis   60 0.19 -0.32
Christian Heritage   20 0.06 -1.01
Democrats   20 0.06
Alliance   17 0.05 -1.12
Family Rights   8 0.03
Libertarianz   6 0.02
99 MP   5 0.02
One NZ   3 0.01
Direct Democracy   2 0.01
RONZ   2 0.01
Informal votes 266 125
Total Valid votes 30,502 30,972
Turnout 31,097
National gain from Labour Majority 1,219 3.99 -15.02

2002 election[edit]

General election, 2002: East Coast
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Janet Mackey 14,519 51.64 +1.91 11,687 40.67 +2.79
National Leanne Jensen-Daines 9,176 32.63 6,255 21.77 -9.77
United Future Judy Turner 1,573 5.59 1,859 6.47
Green Catherine Delahunty 1,398 4.97 1,638 5.70 +1.44
ACT Ian Swan 571 2.03 -0.21 1,396 4.86 -1.68
Alliance Gavin MacLean 388 1.38 -5.21 336 1.17 -7.92
Christian Heritage Tania Maria Maukau-Teare-Shelford 269 0.96 308 1.07 -1.40
One NZ David Moat 224 0.80 83 0.29
NZ First   3,989 13.88 +8.88
ORNZ   521 1.81
Progressive   484 1.68
Legalise Cannabis   147 0.51 -0.42
Mana Māori   29 0.10 -0.07
NMP   3 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 541 122
Total Valid votes 28,118 28,735
Labour hold Majority 5,343 19.01 +4.73

1999 election[edit]

General election, 1999: East Coast[17][18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Janet Mackey 13,391 49.73 10,348 37.91
National Matthew Parkinson 9,546 35.45 8,608 31.54
Alliance Gavin MacLean 1,775 6.59 2,481 9.09
NZ First Gray Eatwell 844 3.13 1,366 5.00
Christian Heritage Richard Rangihuna 645 2.40 675 2.47
ACT Ian Swan 604 2.24 1,784 6.54
Mana Wahine Harangi Manaena-Biddle 76 0.28
Te Tawharau Anton Kerekere 46 0.17
Green   1,164 4.26
Legalise Cannabis   253 0.93
Future NZ   225 0.82
Libertarianz   98 0.36
United NZ   74 0.27
Animals First   50 0.18
Mana Māori   47 0.17
McGillicuddy Serious   33 0.12
Mauri Pacific   24 0.09
Natural Law   23 0.08
One NZ   23 0.08
Republican   8 0.03
Freedom Movement   7 0.03
People's Choice   3 0.01
NMP   1 0.00
South Island   1 0.00
Informal votes 642 273
Total Valid votes 26,927 27,296
Labour win new seat Majority 3845 14.28

1890 election[edit]

General election, 1890: East Coast[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Kelly 1,022 50.34
Conservative Alexander Creighton Arthur 1,008 49.65
Majority 14 0.68
Turnout 2,030 68.65
Registered electors 2,957

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ New Zealand Parliament - Anne Tolley MP
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 157.
  3. ^ a b Scholefield 1925, p. 107.
  4. ^ "East Coast (New Zealand electorate)". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 
  5. ^ "East Coast Election Report". Daily Southern Cross, Volume XXXII, Issue 5261. 23 August 1876. p. 3. Retrieved 4 September 2011. 
  6. ^ Mackay 1949, p. 354.
  7. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 111.
  8. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 110.
  9. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 96.
  10. ^ Mackay 1949, p. 355.
  11. ^ "Official Count Results -- East Coast (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  12. ^ Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Official Count Results – East Coast". Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  13. ^ East Coast results, 2011
  14. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011. 
  15. ^ Election result: East Coast, 2008
  16. ^ "Official Count Results -- East Coast (2005)". Electoral Commission. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 31 October 2017. 
  17. ^ "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 31 October 2017. 
  18. ^ "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 31 October 2017. 
  19. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]