East Cornwall (UK Parliament constituency)

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East Cornwall
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Cornwall
18321885
Number of members Two
Replaced by Bodmin, Launceston and St Austell
Created from Cornwall, Bossiney, Callington, Camelford, East Looe, Lostwithiel, St Germans, Saltash and West Looe

East Cornwall was a county constituency in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

In 1832 the county of Cornwall, in south west England, was split for parliamentary purposes into two county divisions. These were the East division (with a place of election at Bodmin) and West Cornwall (where voting took place at Truro). Each division returned two members to Parliament.[1]

The parliamentary boroughs included in the East division, from 1832 to 1885 (whose non-resident 40 shilling freeholders voted in the county constituency), were Bodmin, Launceston and Liskeard.[2]

History[edit]

In 1885 this division was abolished, when the East and West Cornwall county divisions were replaced by six new single-member county constituencies. These were Bodmin (the South-Eastern division), Camborne (North-Western division), Launceston (North-Eastern division), St Austell (Mid division), St Ives (the Western division) and Truro. In addition the last remaining Cornish borough constituency was Penryn and Falmouth.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
1832 Sir William Molesworth, Bt Liberal Sir William Salusbury-Trelawny, Bt Liberal
1837 Lord Eliot Conservative Sir Hussey Vivian, Bt Liberal
1841 William Rashleigh Conservative
1845 by-election William Pole-Carew Conservative
1847 Thomas Agar-Robartes Liberal
1852 Nicholas Kendall Conservative
1868 Sir John Salusbury-Trelawney, Bt Liberal Edward Brydges Willyams Liberal
1874 Sir Colman Rashleigh, Bt Liberal John Tremayne Conservative
1880 Hon. Thomas Agar-Robartes Liberal William Copeland Borlase Liberal
1882 by-election Charles Dyke Acland Liberal
1885 Constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

General Election 1837: East Cornwall (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lord Eliot 2,430 34.8%
Whig Sir Hussey Vivian, Bt 2,294 32.9%
Whig Mr J S Trelawny 2,250 32.3%
Majority
Turnout 6,974
Conservative gain from Whig Swing
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1841: East Cornwall (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lord Eliot 3,006 40.3%
Conservative William Rashleigh 2,807 37.6%
Whig Mr J S Trelawny 1,647 22.1%
Majority
Turnout 7,460
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Whig Swing
General Election 1852: East Cornwall (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Thomas Agar-Robartes 2,609 39.6%
Conservative Nicholas Kendall 1,996 30.3%
Conservative William Pole-Carew 1,979 30.1%
Majority
Turnout 6,584
Whig hold Swing
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1874: East Cornwall (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Colman Rashleigh 3,396 26.6%
Conservative John Tremayne 3,276 25.7%
Conservative William Pole-Carew 3,099 24.3%
Liberal Reginald Kelly 2,976 23.3%
Majority
Turnout 12,747
Liberal hold Swing
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1880: East Cornwall (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hon Thomas Agar-Robartes 4,018 30.1%
Liberal William Copeland Borlase 3,883 29.1%
Conservative John Tremayne 3,033 22.7%
Conservative Collins 2,403 18.0%
Majority
Turnout 13,337
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Writing about differences in dialects within Cornwall Thomas Q. Couch wrote in 1880: "If asked to define roughly a boundary, I know none better than the Parliamentary line from Crantock Bay, on St. George's Channel, to Veryan Bay, on the English Channel, which bisects the county."
  2. ^ Smith (1844) The Parliaments of England
  3. ^ a b c d e "East Cornwall Election". The Cornishman (92). 15 April 1880. p. 6. 
  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]