East Cowick

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

East Cowick
East Cowick is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
East Cowick
East Cowick
Location within the East Riding of Yorkshire
OS grid referenceSE663213
• London155 mi (249 km) S
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGOOLE
Postcode districtDN14
Dialling code01405
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
53°41′05″N 0°59′47″W / 53.684669°N 0.996402°W / 53.684669; -0.996402Coordinates: 53°41′05″N 0°59′47″W / 53.684669°N 0.996402°W / 53.684669; -0.996402

East Cowick is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of the town of Snaith. It lies on the A1041 road and just north of the M62 motorway.

It forms part of the civil parish of Snaith and Cowick.


Holy Trinity Church

The parish church of Holy Trinity was built by Charles Ward of Lincoln between 1853 and 1854, to a design by William Butterfield. The work was commissioned by the William Dawnay, 7th Viscount Downe, and the west end is thought to be modelled on the church at Lindisfarne (Holy Island) in Northumberland. It is now a Grade II listed building.[1][2] Dawnay's commission also included the vicarage[3] and the Church of England primary school, together with its schoolhouse, all of which are Grade II listed. Similar clusters of buildings were erected at Hensall and Pollington.[4][5]

To the west of the village is the late 17th-century Grade I-listed Cowick Hall, the former seat of the Viscounts Downe which is now the headquarters of Croda International.[6] It was built between 1660 and 1690 for Sir John Dawnay, the first Viscount and James Paine altered it for the third Viscount between 1752 and 1760. The fifth Viscount made two further sets of changes in the 1790s and between 1804 and 1811, and the last major alterations were between 1869 and 1880 for Henry and Benjamin Shaw. Recent changes have been more minor. Nikolaus Pevsner, who catalogued the buildings of England, believed that the main fronts of Cowick Hall were among the most accomplished 17th-century country house designs in the land.[7]

River Don[edit]

At the eastern border of the village, a three-arched bridge carries the A1041 road over a small stream. In 1628, the drainage engineer Cornelius Vermuyden diverted the River Don northwards, to join the River Aire. The work was part of the drainage of Hatfield Chase, and the river skirted the eastern edge of the village, to join the Aire at Turnbridge. A "Great Sluice" was constructed where the rivers joined, which included a navigable lock. Following flooding of the villages bordering the new route, a 5-mile (8 km) channel was constructed from Newbridge near Thorne eastwards to Goole, where water levels in the River Ouse were between 5 and 10 feet (1.5 and 3.0 m) lower than at Turnbridge. The channel was called the Dutch River, and was not intended to be navigable, so boats continued to use the lock at Turnbridge, until the sluice at Goole was swept away by floods in 1688.[8] Boats started to use the Dutch River, and the channel through East Cowick gradually silted up. The bridge is now Grade II listed,[9] and the parish boundary follows the course of the Don from the road to the Aire.


  1. ^ Historic England. "Holy Trinity Church (1162293)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Church of the Holy Trinity (1162293)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  3. ^ Historic England. "East Cowick Vicarage (1083325)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Cowick Primary School (1346683)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Cowick Church Of England Primary School And Adjoining School House (1346683)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Cowick Hall (1083323)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
  7. ^ Pevsner 1959, p. 171
  8. ^ Skempton 2002, pp. 740–743
  9. ^ Historic England. "Turnbridge, Snaith Road (1083328)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 November 2010.


  • Pevsner, Nikolaus (1959). The Buildings of England: Yorkshire, The West Riding.
  • Skempton, Sir Alec (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland: Vol 1: 1500 to 1830. Thomas Telford. ISBN 0-7277-2939-X.
  • Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 5.

External links[edit]