East Cowton

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East Cowton
The Beeswing Inn , East Cowton. - geograph.org.uk - 162728.jpg
The Beeswing Inn , East Cowton
East Cowton is located in North Yorkshire
East Cowton
East Cowton
East Cowton shown within North Yorkshire
Population 533 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference NZ308033
• London 209 mi (336 km) SE
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORTHALLERTON
Postcode district DL7 0
Dialling code 01325
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
YorkshireCoordinates: 54°25′28″N 1°31′34″W / 54.4245°N 1.5260°W / 54.4245; -1.5260

East Cowton is a village and civil parish in the district of Hambleton in North Yorkshire, England. It is 7 miles (11 km) north west of the county town of Northallerton.

History[edit]

The village is mentioned twice in the Domesday Book as Cottune in the Allerton Hundred. At the time of the Norman conquest the lands of the manor were split between Earl Edwin and a small part to Thorkil. After 1086 the larger part of the manor lands were taken by the Crown and the smaller area granted to Landric of Hornby.[2] The manor was granted by the Crown to the lords of Richmond, notably to Conan, the seneschal of the lord of Richmond. From 1324 to 1548, the manor was held by Clervaux family of Croft. Thereafter it was conveyed to the Dakyns family until 1622 when it was conveyed to Sir Henry Anderson. In 1662 the manor was sold to Thomas Bruce, 1st Earl of Elgin who conveyed it five years later to John Belasyse, 1st Baron Belasyse, whose daughter married Sir John Webb of Great Canford in Dorset and Odstock in Wilts whose heirs held it into the twentieth century.[3][4]

The etymology of the village name is a combination of the Old English words of and tūn meaning Cow farm. The East is to distinguish it from other Cowton's in the area.[5][6] The village used to be known as "Long Cowton" and before that "Magna Cowton".[3][4]

Demography[edit]

Population[7][8][9]
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Total 323 302 338 374 454 461 387 394 351 347 336 332 349 337 561 533

2001 Census[edit]

According to the 2001 UK Census, the parish was 49.9% male and 50.1% female of the total population of 561. The religious make-up was 84% Christian with the rest stating no religion. The ethnic distribution was 99.4% White with a small Mixed Ethnic minority. There were 233 dwellings.

2011 Census[edit]

According to the 2011 UK Census, the parish had a total population of 533 with 49.7% male and 50.3% female. The religious make-up was 75.6% Christian, a small minority of Sikh, Buddhist and Muslim with the rest stating no religion. The ethnic distribution was 98.9% White with a small Mixed Ethnic minority. There were 241 dwellings.

Geography and governance[edit]

The village lies just to the west of the East Coast Main Line and was once served by Cowton railway station about half a mile away. The station building and stationmaster's house is a Grade II listed building.[10][11] It lies between the River Wiske and its tributary, The Stell. The minor road between the A167 and B1263 runs through the village. The villages of Birkby, Great Smeaton, Little Smeaton and North Cowton all lie within 2.5 miles (4.0 km) of the village.[12]

The village lies within the Richmond UK Parliament constituency. East Cowton lies within the Swale electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Cowtons ward of Hambleton District Council. [12]

Community[edit]

The village school is called East Cowton Church of England Primary School. It has around 40 pupils.[13] It is within the catchment area of Northallerton School for secondary education to the age of eighteen.[14]

The village post office also functions as the village shop. The village public house is called The Beeswing Inn, it is named after the northern racehorse Beeswing whose most notable victory was the 1842 Ascot Gold Cup. She won an incredible 51 out of the 64 races that she entered. Of the 57 races in which she finished Beeswing only finished lower than 2nd place on one occasion.[15] The village is served by the No 72 bus, which runs between Darlington and Northallerton.

Religion[edit]

All Saints' Church

All Saints' Church is to the west of the village. A Grade II listed building, it is a red-brick structure erected in 1910.[16] There is evidence of a 13th-century church in the village dedicated to St Mary, which fell into disrepair.[3] Cowton Cemetery is about half a mile west of the village on the road towards North Cowton on the site of the old church. The Primitive Methodists built a chapel, no longer in use, in 1840.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  2. ^ East Cowton in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d "History". Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 408. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  5. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 163. ISBN 978-0521168557. 
  6. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 136. ISBN 978-0192800749. 
  7. ^ "Population at Censuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "2001 UK Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "2011 UK Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Former Cowton Railway Station, East Cowton". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  11. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 70. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. 
  12. ^ a b "Archived copy". Ordnance Survey Open Viewer. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Primary School". Ofsted. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "North Yorkshire Secondary School Catchment Areas". North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  15. ^ Ahnert, Rainer L. (editor in chief), "Thoroughbred Breeding of the World", Pozdun Publishing, Germany, 1970
  16. ^ "Church Listed Status". English Heritage. 1968. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to East Cowton at Wikimedia Commons