East Ellijay, Georgia

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East Ellijay, Georgia
City
East Ellijay city hall
East Ellijay city hall
Location in Gilmer County and the state of Georgia
Location in Gilmer County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 34°41′5″N 84°28′21″W / 34.68472°N 84.47250°W / 34.68472; -84.47250Coordinates: 34°41′5″N 84°28′21″W / 34.68472°N 84.47250°W / 34.68472; -84.47250
Country United States
State Georgia
County Gilmer
Area
 • Total 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Land 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,273 ft (388 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 546
 • Density 161/sq mi (62.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 30539-30540
Area code(s) 706/762
FIPS code 13-25356[1]
GNIS feature ID 0331619[2]

East Ellijay is a city in Gilmer County, Georgia, United States. The population was 546 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 707 in 2000.

As its name suggests, it is just east of Ellijay, Georgia, the site of a Cherokee settlement, one of several with the name. In the Cherokee language the name is properly rendered Elatseyi (abbreviated to "Elatse"), which can be translated as "green verdant earth", suggesting fresh-springing vegetation. It was variously spelled "Ellijay", "Elejoy", and "Allagae". In addition to the Cherokee town in Georgia, there were Cherokee towns of this name on the Keowee River in South Carolina, on the Little Tennessee River at Ellijay Creek in North Carolina, and on Ellejoy Creek of the Little River near present-day Maryville, Tennessee.

East Ellijay was originally the location of Fort Hetzel, one of the Cherokee removal forts built in 1838 to house the Cherokee people before sending them on the "Trail of Tears".

Geography[edit]

East Ellijay is located in central Gilmer County at 34°41′5″N 84°28′21″W / 34.68472°N 84.47250°W / 34.68472; -84.47250 (34.684668, -84.472434).[4] It is bordered to the north and west by the city of Ellijay.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), all of it land. Georgia State Route 5/515, a four-lane bypass of Ellijay, runs the length of East Ellijay from north to south. U.S. Route 76 follows Routes 5/515 in the northern half of East Ellijay. The city of Blue Ridge is 15 miles (24 km) to the northeast, Jasper is 19 miles (31 km) to the south, and Chatsworth is 25 miles (40 km) to the west. Georgia State Route 52 runs southeast from East Ellijay 38 miles (61 km) to Dahlonega.

The town lies on the southern border of the Chattahoochee National Forest. The Cartecay River, a tributary of the Coosawattee River, flows from east to west through East Ellijay.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 291
1920 285 −2.1%
1930 298 4.6%
1940 460 54.4%
1950 549 19.3%
1960 501 −8.7%
1970 488 −2.6%
1980 469 −3.9%
1990 303 −35.4%
2000 707 133.3%
2010 546 −22.8%
Est. 2015 556 [5] 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

At the 2000 census,[1] there were 707 people, 251 households and 159 families residing in the city. The population density was 357.6 per square mile (137.9/km²). There were 265 housing units at an average density of 134.0 per square mile (51.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.60% White, 2.26% Native American, 2.97% Pacific Islander, 22.35% from other races, and 3.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.38% of the population.

There were 251 households of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.18.

Age distribution was 24.5% under the age of 18, 16.0% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 120.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 127.2 males.

The median household income was $35,875, and the median family income was $38,594. Males had a median income of $20,341 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,934. About 14.6% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): East Ellijay city, Georgia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  • Mooney, James. Myths of the Cherokee (1900, reprint 1995).

External links[edit]