East Flatbush, Brooklyn
PS 181, Tilden and New York Avenues
Location in New York City
|City||New York City|
|Community District||Brooklyn 17|
|• Total||7.5737 km2 (2.9242 sq mi)|
|• Density||18,000/km2 (46,000/sq mi)|
|• Two or more races||1.6|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area codes||718, 347, 929, and 917|
East Flatbush is a residential neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. East Flatbush is bounded by Crown Heights and Empire Boulevard to the north; Brownsville and East 98th Street to the east; Flatlands/Canarsie and the Long Island Rail Road's Bay Ridge Branch to the south; and Flatbush and Bedford/Nostrand Avenues to the west. East Flatbush is a predominantly African American neighborhood and has a population of 135,619 as of the 2010 United States Census.
East Flatbush is part of Brooklyn Community District 17, and its primary ZIP Code is 11203. It is patrolled by the 67th Precinct of the New York City Police Department. Politically it is represented by the New York City Council's 40th, 41st, and 45th Districts.
As with many neighborhoods in Brooklyn, the borders of East Flatbush are subjective, but its northern border is roughly at Empire Boulevard and East New York Avenue east of East 91st Street, its southern border is in the vicinity of the Long Island Rail Road Bay Ridge Branch, its eastern border is roughly at East 98th Street and its western border is roughly at Bedford and Nostrand Avenues.
East Flatbush is split up into three subsections. From west to east they are Erasmus, Farragut, and Remsen Village/Rugby.
The central section of East Flatbush is called Farragut. Farragut is roughly bounded by Cortelyou Road and Holy Cross Cemetery to the north, Kings Highway to the east, Brooklyn Avenue on the west and the LIRR Bay Ridge Branch to the south. Farragut was originally part of the colonial Town of Flatbush, and was named for American Civil War Admiral David Farragut. The area was largely populated by Jews and Italians before 1950. By the 1990s, African Americans became a majority, along with many immigrants from the West Indies.
Farragut is adjacent to Paerdegat Woods, a formerly wooded area near Paerdegat Basin where real-estate developer Fred Trump constructed housing in the 1940s. Farragut also contains Vanderveer Estates, a 59-building complex erected in 1949. Vanderveer Estates was built on the site of the old Flatbush Water Works.
Remsen Village has been described as a "subsection of the larger East Flatbush neighborhood," with an estimated 60,000 residents. but is also sometimes considered its own neighborhood and also as "Rugby-Remsen Village". The origin of using the name Remsen Village seems to be in the mid-1990s, and it was referred as such through the 21st century. Remsen Village's population is over one third of that of Brooklyn Community Board 17, which consists entirely of East Flatbush and its subsections.
The name "Rugby" was described in 2016 by the New York Times as "the old name for the area." It persists as the name of a road in East Flatbush, as well as a library branch in eastern East Flatbush.
East Flatbush is divided into three neighborhood tabulation areas (Erasmus, Farragut, and Remsen Village), which collectively comprise the population of the area. Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the combined population of East Flatbush's neighborhood tabulation areas was 135,619, a change of -9,740 (-7.2%) from the 145,359 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 1,871.5 acres (757.4 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 72.5 inhabitants per acre (46,400/sq mi; 17,900/km2).
The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 1.3% (1,816) White, 88.7% (120,231) African American, 0.3% (366) Native American, 1.1% (1,480) Asian, 0% (45) Pacific Islander, 0.4% (523) from other races, and 1.6% (2,140) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.6% (9,018) of the population.
The entirety of Community Board 17 had 154,575 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 82.6 years.:2, 20 This is higher than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.:53 (PDF p. 84) Most inhabitants are middle-aged adults and youth: 21% are between the ages of 0–17, 28% between 25–44, and 28% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 15% respectively.:2
As of 2016, the median household income in Community District 17 was $49,349. In 2018, an estimated 19% of East Flatbush residents lived in poverty, compared to 21% in all of Brooklyn and 20% in all of New York City. One in eleven residents (9%) were unemployed, compared to 9% in the rest of both Brooklyn and New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 54% in East Flatbush, higher than the citywide and boroughwide rates of 52% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018[update], East Flatbush is considered to be high-income and not gentrifying, relative to the rest of the city.:7
East Flatbush generally is very similar in nature to neighboring Flatbush, as both are predominantly West Indian and working class; however, Flatbush has a higher percentage of White and Asian residents than East Flatbush. The area was populated after World War II predominantly by immigrant Jews and Italians, then in the 1960s by African Americans, but most recently has seen many West Indian immigrants such as Guyanese, Haitians, Jamaicans, St.Lucians, Trinidadians, Grenadians, Vincentians, Bajans, Panamanians and Dominicans groups coming to the area. Within its confines is the Holy Cross Cemetery, Brooklyn, which is located at 3620 Tilden Avenue. While some residents are affluent, East Flatbush is mostly populated by working-class Brooklynites. Similar to other eastern Brooklyn neighborhoods, blacks predominate East Flatbush. The area is 91.4% Black or African-American  and 51% foreign born, the majority of whom are from the Caribbean. Considering this data, East Flatbush has been noted as being the single largest West Indian neighborhood in all of New York City and America as a whole.
Police and crime
The NYPD's 67th Precinct is located at 2820 Snyder Avenue. The 67th Precinct ranked 40th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. As of 2018[update], with a non-fatal assault rate of 80 per 100,000 people, East Flatbush's rate of violent crimes per capita is greater than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 597 per 100,000 people is higher than that of the city as a whole.:8 The Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 79.9% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct reported 6 murders, 43 rapes, 246 robberies, 601 felony assaults, 225 burglaries, 586 grand larcenies, and 98 grand larcenies auto in 2018.
A drug epidemic ravaged East Flatbush during the late 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s, mostly in Vanderveer Estates Apartments now known as Flatbush Gardens and isn't a complex of the New York City Housing Authority, but is owned by David Bistricer. The intersection of Foster Avenue and Nostrand Avenues was nicknamed "the Front Page" because of media attention to drug murders there. The intersection of Foster between New York Avenue and Brooklyn Avenue area to the south was called "the Back Page" because its many murders went unnoticed. The area around the Nostrand playground had various gangs: Crips, Gangster Disciples, Jamaicans (Shower Posse), Trinidadians and Grenadians particularly notorious for turf wars, shootouts, and pitbull fights. Crime is still somewhat of a problem in the neighborhood today as well.
As of 2018[update], preterm births and births to teenage mothers are more common in East Flatbush than in other places citywide. In East Flatbush, there were 126 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 20.6 births to teenage mothers per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).:11 East Flatbush has a high population of residents who are uninsured, or who receive healthcare through Medicaid. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 15%, which is higher than the citywide rate of 12%.:14
The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in East Flatbush is 0.0078 milligrams per cubic metre (7.8×10−9 oz/cu ft), lower than the citywide and boroughwide averages.:9 Eight percent of East Flatbush residents are smokers, which is lower the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.:13 In East Flatbush, 34% of residents are obese, 15% are diabetic, and 36% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.:16 In addition, 22% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.:12
Eighty percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is lower than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 83% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," higher than the city's average of 78%.:13 For every supermarket in East Flatbush, there are 21 bodegas.:10
East Flatbush does not have as much access to the New York City Subway as Flatbush. However, the IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (2 and 5 trains) has some stops located in East Flatbush, including Newkirk Avenue, Beverly Road, and Church Avenue.
MTA Regional Bus Operations' B44, B44 SBS, B46 and B46 SBS routes run north-south through East Flatbush, while the B8 and B35 run east-west. The B12 bus takes a serpentine route at the north end of the neighborhood, and the B7 runs on Kings Highway at the southeast edge of East Flatbush.
East Flatbush generally has a lower ratio of college-educated residents than the rest of the city as of 2018[update]. While 30% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 15% have less than a high school education and 55% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 40% of Brooklynites and 38% of city residents have a college education or higher.:6 The percentage of East Flatbush students excelling in math has been increasing, with math achievement rising from 32 percent in 2000 to 51 percent in 2011, though reading achievement within the same time period stayed steady at 42%.
East Flatbush's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is slightly higher than the rest of New York City. In East Flatbush, 23% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, compared to the citywide average of 20% of students.:24 (PDF p. 55):6 Additionally, 78% of high school students in East Flatbush graduate on time, higher than the citywide average of 75% of students.:6
Schools located in East Flatbush include:
- Cristo Rey High School, a Catholic college preparatory high school located at East 37 Street and Foster Avenue
- Cultural Academy for the Arts and Sciences (CAAS)
- Kurt Hahn Expeditionary Learning School
- It Takes A Village Academy (ITAVA)
- Nazareth Regional High School, a co-educational private Catholic high school located at East 57th Street and Avenue D
- St. Francis of Assisi School
- International Arts Business School
- The School for Human Rights
- The School for Democracy and Leadership
- High School for Public Service: Heroes of Tomorrow
- Elsa Ebeling School, a public elementary school located at East 48th Street and Avenue D
- St. Catherine of Genoa, St. Therese of Lisieux Catholic Academy
- Meyer Levin Junior High School
Notable current and former residents of East Flatbush include:
- Roosevelt Chapman (born 1962), basketball player
- Edwidge Danticat, writer
- Flatbush Zombies, hip-hop group
- Fu-Schnickens, hip-hop group
- Rudy Giuliani, former mayor of New York City
- Jamie Hector, actor
- Jidenna, "Wondaland Records" rapper/singer
- Joey Badass, rapper
- Bruce Pasternack, businessman
- MC Lyte (born 1970), rapper
- Romona Moore, murdered college student
- James P. O'Neill (born 1958), NYC Police Commissioner
- Rowdy Rebel, rapper
- Busta Rhymes (born 1972), rapper
- Bobby Shmurda (born 1994), rapper
- Shyne, rapper
- Dean Silvers, film director, film producer, screenwriter, and author
- Barbra Streisand (born 1942), singer and actress
- The Underachievers, rappers
- Unlocking the Truth, heavy metal group 
- Michael K. Williams (born 1966), actor
Media related to East Flatbush, Brooklyn at Wikimedia Commons
- "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- "NYPD – 67th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Current City Council Districts for Kings County, New York City. Accessed May 5, 2017.
- New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- Perez, Luis (February 16, 2003). "WORKING-CLASS GEM IN HEART OF CITY East Flatbush's star is on the rise again". New York Daily News. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
- Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010). The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 391. ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2.
- "Paerdegat Park: History". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
- "Brooklyn 'Forest' Is Site For Homes: Paerdegat Woods in Flatbush Section Giving Way to Trump's Project". The New York Times. May 19, 1940. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
- Goodman, George W. (September 4, 1983). "BROOKLYN REHABILITATION DRAWS FIRE". The New York Times. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
- Newman, Andy; Brick, Michael (January 13, 2004). "A Long-Troubled Complex Hopes to Flourish Again". The New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
- "Remsen Village". Archived from the original on April 13, 2019. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
- "Remsen Village".
- Daniel J. Wakin; Anthony Ramirez (October 1, 2001). "Metro Briefing, Brooklyn - Girl Shot and Killed".
- Derek Watkins; Alicia Parlapiano (April 20, 2016). "The New York City Neighborhoods That Love Each Candidate". NYTimes.com.
- "Neighborhoods: The 'Sacred Sites'". The New York Times. April 30, 1995.
- Michael Wilson; Ann Farmer (January 23, 2006). "Youth Killed Leaving Party in Brooklyn".
- "Brooklyn Community Boards". Archived from the original on December 21, 2007. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
- Lucas Peterson (November 11, 2016). "Want the 'Real' Brooklyn? Go Cheap". NYTimes.com.
- "East Flatbush (Including East Flatbush, Eramus, Farragut, Northeast Flatbush, Remsen Village and Rugby)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- "Census profile:NYC-Brooklyn Community District 17--East Flatbush, Farragut & Rugby PUMA, NY". Census Reporter. July 22, 2018. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- "Community Health Profiles: The Health of Flatbush, Brooklyn" Archived November 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, nyc.gov
- Henke, Holger (2001). The West Indian Americans. google.com. ISBN 9780313310096.
- "'Mike and Molly' Star Reno Wilson On His Caribbean Heritage". aol.on.
- "East Flatbush – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "67th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- Vitullo-Martin, Julia. "A Once-Troubled Housing Complex Seeks Change: Flatbush Gardens", The New York Sun, March 15, 2007. Accessed May 2, 2016. "A criminologist and professor of anthropology at John Jay College who produced a report on crime for the Brooklyn district attorney in 2003, Ric Curtis, said Vanderveer residents nicknamed the intersection of Foster and Nostrand avenues 'the Front Page' because the drug murders there often ended up on the front pages of local papers."
- "Engine Company 310/Ladder Company 174". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- New York City Health Provider Partnership Brooklyn Community Needs Assessment: Final Report, New York Academy of Medicine (October 3, 2014).
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 21, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "East Flatbush – BK 17" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- "Rugby Library". Brooklyn Public Library. August 22, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- Katinas, Paula (July 3, 2018). "Study: Brooklyn Public Library needs $228 million for upkeep - Brooklyn Daily Eagle". brooklyneagle.com. Archived from the original on July 3, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "East Flatbush Library". Brooklyn Public Library. August 19, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- Mooney, Jake. "Drum Roll for a Sign With a Reggae Beat", The New York Times, May 21, 2006. Accessed October 11, 2007. "On May 10, the City Council approved a plan to hang Bob Marley Boulevard signs beneath the Church Avenue ones along an eight-block section, from Remsen Avenue to East 98th Street."
- Brooklyn Street Renamed Bob Marley Boulevard Archived October 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, NY1. Accessed October 11, 2007.
- "National Register of Historic Places". WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 4/27/09 THROUGH 5/01/09. National Park Service. March 5, 2011.
- Plass, Ellie (August 22, 2019). "Lips Cafe: Family, Community and Coffee in East Flatbush". Bklyner.com.
- "In Giuliani's Old Neighborhood, Skepticism". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- "High 'Wire' act". The Brooklyn Paper.
- Coleman, Brian. Check the Technique: Liner Notes for Hip-Hop Junkies, p. 257. Random House Publishing Group, 2009. ISBN 9780307494429. Accessed May 10, 2016. "But it was true: East Flatbush, Brooklyn's MC Lyte (Lana Moorer) had just roped in her learner's permit when she sagely opined about the woes of both crack and fickle male love."
- Dewan, Shaila mmb K. 'Body Discovered in Brooklyn Is Identified as Hunter Student", The New York Times, May 13, 2003. Accessed October 11, 2007. "A body found wrapped in a blanket behind a boarded-up house on Saturday was identified by the police yesterday as that of Ramona Moore, a 21-year-old Hunter College student who lived at home with her parents in East Flatbush, Brooklyn, until she disappeared in April."
- Baker, Al; Goodman, J. David (August 2, 2016). "James O'Neill, Officer Since 1983, Will Step Into Police Dept.'s Top Job". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
- Smith, Rachel Holliday. "Hearing Dates Set for Trials of Bobby Shmurda and Rowdy Rebel" Archived June 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, DNAinfo.com, April 22, 2015. Accessed May 10, 2016. "A Manhattan judge set hearing dates for the trials of rappers Bobby Shmurda and Rowdy Rebel, who were indicted in December on gun, drug and shooting charges in connection to an East Flatbush gang."
- "Busta Rhymes: Bustin' Out". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- Calhoun, Ada. "Bobby Shmurda Speaks Out About His Gang-Related Charges: 'That Shit Is Bullshit'", Billboard (magazine), February 13, 2015. Accessed May 10, 2016. "Today he was just another young man before the judge, one of 13 reputed members of the East Flatbush, Brooklyn, alleged gang GS9 ("God's Sons") to have his case called."
- Brinn, David. "Taking a Shyne to Judaism", The Jerusalem Post, November 12, 2010. Accessed May 10, 2016. "Later the family moved to East Flatbush, where Shyne's mother cleaned houses and took care of children to make ends meet."
- "Mini Masters of Reality: Unlocking the Truth Plot Metal's Future From Their Parents' Basement". Spin. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
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