East Garo Hills district
|East Garo Hills district
|District of Meghalaya|
Location of East Garo Hills district in Meghalaya
|• Assembly seats||7|
|• Total||2,603 km2 (1,005 sq mi)|
|• Density||95/km2 (250/sq mi)|
The East Garo Hills district was formed in 1976, after the erstwhile Garo Hills district of Meghalaya was re-organised with a view to bring the administration closer to the people.
The district headquarters-complex of the district, christened as Williamnagar after the name of Captain Williamson A. Sangma the founder Chief Minister of the State of Meghalaya. Williamnagar is located on the vast plainlands along the bank of the Simsang River, at Simsanggre. These plainlands are in a sense historical, as it was here that the Garos made their last major resistance to the British intrusion into Garo Hills during the year 1837. The legendary Garo leader Pa Togan Nengminja Sangma was felled by the British, in skirmish, at Chisobibra, quite close to Wiliamnagar, on 12 December 1837.
The district falls under the Tura Parliamentary Constituency which Purno Agitok Sangma has been representing at the Lok Sabha (the House of the People), the Lower House of the Indian Parliament since 1975. Purno Agitok Sangma has been a former Union Minister and has the distinction of being the only unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha (during the 11th Lok Sabha).
There are 3 (three) Assembly Constituencies of the Meghalaya State Legislative Assembly within the East Garo Hills District of Meghalaya. The Assembly Constituencies are as follows:
- SONGSAK (ST)
- RONGJENG (ST)
- WILLIAMNAGAR (ST)
East Garo Hills division is divided into five blocks:
According to the 2011 census East Garo Hills district has a population of 317,618, roughly equal to the nation of The Bahamas. This gives it a ranking of 569th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 122 inhabitants per square kilometre (320/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.75%. East Garo Hills has a sex ratio of 968 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 75.51%.
Flora and fauna
- Meghalaya Administrative Divisions (PDF) (Map). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Bahamas, The 313,312
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "A'Tong: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Meghalaya". Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
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