East German general election, 1950

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Parliamentary elections were held in the German Democratic Republic on 19 October 1950. They were the first held since the founding of the country on 7 October 1949. There were 466 deputies to the Volkskammer (66 from East Berlin who were not directly elected) in total.

Voters were presented with a single list from the National Front of Democratic Germany, which in turn was controlled by the Communist Socialist Unity Party. As would be the case in all elections in East Germany, only one candidate appeared on the ballot. Voters simply took the ballot paper and dropped it into the ballot box. Those who wanted to vote against the candidate had to go to a special booth, without any secrecy.[1] Seats were apportioned based on a set quota, not actual vote totals.[2] By ensuring that its candidates dominated the list, the SED effectively predetermined the composition of the Volkskammer.

According to official figures, the National Front list received the approval of 99.6% of voters, with turnout reported to be 98.5%.[3]

Results[edit]

Party Votes %
National Front 12,088,745 99.6
Against 51,187 0.4
Invalid/blank votes
Total 12,139,932 100
Registered voters/turnout 12,325,168 98.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Seat distribution[edit]

Party Seats
Socialist Unity Party of Germany 110
Christian Democratic Union 67
Liberal Democratic Party of Germany 66
Free German Trade Union Federation 49
National Democratic Party of Germany 35
Democratic Farmers' Party of Germany 33
Free German Youth 25
Cultural Association of the DDR 24
Democratic Women's League of Germany 20
Union of Persecutees of the Nazi Regime 19
Peasants Mutual Aid Association 12
Eastern Bureau of the Social Democratic Party of Germany 6

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sebetsyen, Victor (2009). Revolution 1989: The Fall of the Soviet Empire. New York City: Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-375-42532-2. 
  2. ^ Eugene Register-Guard October 29, 1989. p. 5A.
  3. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p779 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7