East Indian Archipelago

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The East Indian Archipelago (Indonesia) is an area designated by the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO). It encompasses twelve seas, two gulfs and one strait in the East Indies (Southeast Asia).[1]

Six of the seas, the two gulfs, and the strait are wholly waters of Indonesia. The Sulu Sea, lying between the Philippines and Sabah (a state of Malaysia on the island of Borneo), is wholly not in Indonesian waters. The other five seas are partially Indonesian.

Five countries have an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) that extends into one or more of the five seas that are partially Indonesian. Apart from the abovementioned Sulu Sea, the Philippines and Malaysia's EEZs also extend into the Celebes Sea. East Timor's EEZ is wholly within the Savu, Banda, and Timor Seas. Australia's EEZ extends into both the Timor and Arafura Seas and Papua New Guinea's EEZ extends into the Arafura Sea from its far south-west coast.

Map of Indonesia showing waters of the East Indian Archipelago

The waters of the East Indian Archipelago are:


  1. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 

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