East Kameng district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

East Kameng district
East Kameng district
Location in Arunachal Pradesh
Country India
StateArunachal Pradesh
 • Total4,134 km2 (1,596 sq mi)
 • Total78,690[1] (2,011)
 • Literacy62.5%[1]
 • Sex ratio1012[1]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)

East Kameng district is one of districts of Arunachal Pradesh state in northeastern, India. It shares an international border with China in the north and district borders with West Kameng district to the west, Pakke-Kessang district to the south, Kurung Kumey district to the east, Papum Pare district to the southeast. Pakke-Kessang district was bifurcated from East Kameng district on 1 December 2018.


The area around the Kameng river has at various times come under the control and influence of the Mon kingdom, Tibet, and the Ahom kingdom. Aka and Nishi chiefs would exert control over the area whenever no major political powers dominated the area.

The Kameng Frontier Division was renamed the Kameng District. The Political Officer was also redesignated as the Deputy Commissioner of Kameng. However, for political reasons, the Kameng district was bifurcated between East Kameng and West Kameng on 1 June 1980.[2]


Before the bifurcation, East Kameng district occupied an area of 4,134 square kilometres (1,596 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Alaska's Unimak Island.[4] Like West Kameng, the East Kameng climate ranges from arid in the tundra of the north through a cool temperate climate to a humid subtropical climate in the southern sub-himalayan hills bordering Assam.


The 2,000-kilometre-long (1,200 mi) proposed Mago-Thingbu to Vijaynagar Arunachal Pradesh Frontier Highway along the McMahon Line,[5][6][7][8] (will intersect with the proposed East-West Industrial Corridor Highway) and will pass through this district, alignment map of which can be seen here and here.[9]


Jhum fire

Most tribes practice a form of slash and burn agriculture known as Jhum. After clearing the land, crops like barley and rice are planted, and fruit trees are planted to make orchards. Fishing activities first started between 1965–66 and gained momentum in November 1980, when the Fishery Department first started functioning independently. As of today, the Fishery development activities are headed by a District Fishery Development Officer, originally the Superintendent of Fisheries. However, this department was understaffed. Funds were also given for rural agriculture and paddy-cum-fish culture activities.

With the advancement of modern technology, horticulture based on apples and oranges is becoming increasingly popular. Today, temperate and sub-tropical fruits are planted in orchards with chemical fertilizers.


The district's administrative divisions are Chayangtajo, Sawa, Khenewa, Bameng, Lada, Gyawe Purang, Pipu, Seppa, and Richukhrong.

There are 5 Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies located in this district: Bameng, Chayangtajo, Seppa East, and Seppa West. All of these are part of Arunachal West Lok Sabha constituency.[10]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.


According to the 2011 census East Kameng district has a population of 78,690,[12] roughly equal to the nation of Dominica.[13] This gives it a ranking of 624th in India (out of a total of 640).[12] The district has a population density of 19 inhabitants per square kilometre (49/sq mi) .[12] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 37.14%.[12] East Kameng has a sex ratio of 1,012 females for every 1,000 males,[12] and a literacy rate of 62.48%.[12]

East Kameng is inhabited by various tribes of similar origin but with distinct cultures and beliefs, practising the Donyi-Polo religion. The most populous of these, the Nishi, are scattered throughout the entire district. Other tribes, especially the Miji, Puroik and the Aka, are found in regions near the Kameng river.

Since independence, much of the population has relocated to the district capital, Seppa. With the coming of modernism, festivals such as the Sarok of the Aka, Nyokum of the Nishi, Jonglam-Ponklam and Chindang of the Miji and the Gumkum-Gumpa are celebrated in full flair in Seppa.

Religion in East Kameng District (2011)

  Christianity (47.19%)
  Donyi-Polo (35.41%)
  Hinduism (15.67%)
  Islam (0.83%)
  Buddhism (0.57%)
  Sikhism (0.05%)
  Jainism (0.03%)
  Not Stated (0.24%)



The Nishi is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by approximately 800–1200 people in the East Kameng district who live among the Aka (Hruso), but their language is distantly related, with distinct words for basic vocabulary.[14][15] Although it has resemblances to Tani further to the east, it appears to be a separate branch of Tibeto-Burman.[16] Koro is unlike any language in the various branches of the Tibeto-Burman family.[17] Researchers hypothesize it may have originated from a group of people enslaved and brought to the area.[18]

Koro was recognized as a separate language in 2010 by a linguistic team of David Harrison, Gregory Anderson, and Ganesh Murmu while documenting two Hruso languages (Aka and Miji) as part of National Geographic's "Enduring Voices" project.[14] It was apparently noticed by earlier researchers.[19]


Nyishi People

The whole district is in picturesque hills covered with greenery. Tourist attractions in the district are in Papu Valley along the Papu River, among those Chayangtajo 48 km north and Bameng 81 km north of Seppo are hill stations connected by a motorable road. Kameng River is popular for fishing, which requires a fishing license from the district administration.[20]

Papu Valley is one of the most spectacular places in the district. Papu Valley got its name from the snake-like curvy streams of the Papu River. A vast field of rice covers the whole area of Papu Valley. Some of the major villages in this valley are Sede, Seba, Nere etc.


  1. ^ a b c "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in.
  2. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Arunachal Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1113. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Unimak Island 4,119km2
  5. ^ "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China border". Dipak Kumar Dash. timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Narendra Modi government to provide funds for restoration of damaged highways". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border". Ankit Panda. thediplomat.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh: Kiren Rijiju". Live Mint. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  9. ^ "China warns India against paving road in Arunachal". Ajay Banerjee. tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Arunachal Pradesh website. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  11. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  12. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  13. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Dominica 72,969 July 2011 est.
  14. ^ a b Morrison, Dan "'Hidden' Language Found in Remote Indian Tribe". National Geographic Daily News, 5 October 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010
  15. ^ Schmid, Randolph E. "Researchers find previously undocumented language hidden in small villages in India" Archived 7 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Sync Retrieved on 5 October 2010
  16. ^ "In Search for 'Last Speakers', a Great Discovery". National Public Radio. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  17. ^ Khan, Amina (6 October 2010). "Linguists uncover 'hidden' language in north India". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  18. ^ Weise, Elizabeth (6 October 2010). "Linguists discover new language in India". USA Today. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  19. ^ Ethnologue, "Hruso".[1] (Some sound files)
  20. ^ Tourist places.

External links[edit]