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East Lake (Wuhan)

Coordinates: 30°33′30″N 114°24′00″E / 30.5583°N 114.4000°E / 30.5583; 114.4000
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
East Lake
Dong Hu
东湖 (Chinese)
East Lake is located in China
East Lake
East Lake
East Lake is located in Hubei
East Lake
East Lake
LocationWuchang District and Hongshan District, Wuhan, Hubei
Coordinates30°33′30″N 114°24′00″E / 30.5583°N 114.4000°E / 30.5583; 114.4000
Part ofYangtze River Basin
Basin countriesChina
Surface elevation10 metres (33 ft)
IslandsLuzhou (芦洲)
East Lake
Traditional Chinese東湖
Simplified Chinese东湖
Literal meaning"East Lake"

East Lake (simplified Chinese: 东湖; traditional Chinese: 東湖; pinyin: Dōng Hú) is a large freshwater lake within the city limits of Wuhan, China, the largest[1] or the second largest[2] urban lake in China. Wuhan's East Lake covers an area of 88 square kilometers (33 square kilometers of water area[3]). It is one of the 5A tourist zones of China, and admits over a million people yearly. It is one of the largest sites in Huazhong District. It is also the largest "City Lake" in China. East Lake is made of four areas, Ting Tao, Moshan, Luo Yan Island and Museum of Hubei Province.

The President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping and the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on Wuhan's East Lake in 2018.

One end of Moshan features a Daoist temple built over the putative site of where one of the characters in Romance of the Three Kingdoms performed special Qimen Dunjia rites before the famous battle of Red Cliffs. No one knows precisely the actual location, but the Moshan site was an archeological dig in the early part of the twentieth century.

Environmental issues[edit]

The lake was cut off from the Yangtze River in 1957. Water quality has deteriorated since because of 180,000 tons discharge of wastewater (domestic sewage and industrial) into the lake per day. Each year, about 441 tons of nitrogen and 40 tons of phosphorus flow into the lake. Most parts of the lake have been assessed as eutrophicated, unsuitable for drinking and many recreational purposes.[4]

Notable sites around the lake[edit]

Summer in Liyuan Park

In clockwise order, starting from the southwest corner:

Several causeways cross the eastern part of the lake, providing access to recreational fishing sites and beaches. In 2012, the construction of a major 6-lane road under the lake (Donghu Tongdao) was started.[7] The Donghu Lake tunnel, China's longest tunnel under a lake, was opened to traffic at the end of 2015. A car could run through the 10.6-kilometer-long tunnel in around 15 minutes.[8]

In 2010, plans for extensive new development on the lake shores caused widespread criticism among the citizenry.[9]

Image gallery[edit]


The East Lake has long been used by local fishermen. According to the 1977 statistics, the annual fish yield of the 1500-hectare fishing area of the lake ("The East lake Fish Farm") was 450 kg/ha.[10] The introduction of better fish management techniques have allowed the yields to increase in the following decade, with 1840 tons by 1995.[11]

The main species with which the lake is stocked are the silver carp and the bighead carp.[11]


  1. ^ "大城崛起". Archived from the original on 2018-08-16. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  2. ^ "你知道汤逊湖、庙山、藏龙岛的传说和由来吗?". Sohu.
  3. ^ "Wuhan East Lake Scenic Area: Tingtao, Mo Hill, Bird Forest". Travelchinaguide.com. Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-05. Retrieved 2016-02-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Little penguin in Wuhan aquarium, Xinhua, 2007-01-02
  6. ^ Chu castle on Mo Mountain in Wuhan[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ 图文:东湖通道开工 计划后年通车, 2012-10-28
  8. ^ "China's longest tunnel under lake open to traffic[1". Chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2022-05-26.
  9. ^ The Battle for East Lake in Wuhan, 13 April 2010
  10. ^ American Oceanography Delegation, Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China (1980), Oceanography in China: a trip report of the American Oceanography Delegation submitted to the Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China, Issue 9 of CSCPRC report, Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China (U.S.)., National Academies, p. 13, ISBN 9780309030465
  11. ^ a b Li, Wenhua (2001), "Fish farming in the East Lake (Dong Hu) of Wuhan", Agro-ecological farming systems in China, Volume 26 of Man and the biosphere series, Taylor & Francis, pp. 73–76, ISBN 92-3-103784-6