East Linton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
East Linton
The Square, East Linton (geograph 2695142).jpg
The Square, East Linton
East Linton is located in East Lothian
East Linton
East Linton
East Linton is located in Scotland
East Linton
East Linton
East Linton shown within Scotland
Population 1,731 (2011)
OS grid reference NT591771
Civil parish
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EAST LINTON
Postcode district EH40
Dialling code 01620
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°59′10″N 2°39′18″W / 55.986°N 2.655°W / 55.986; -2.655Coordinates: 55°59′10″N 2°39′18″W / 55.986°N 2.655°W / 55.986; -2.655

East Linton is a village and former police burgh in East Lothian, Scotland, situated on the River Tyne and A199 road (former A1 road) five miles east of Haddington, with a population of 1,731 at the 2011 Census. During the 19th Century the population increased from 715 inhabitants in 1831 to 1042 by 1881. The 1961 census showed the village still had a population of 1579. The number did drop significantly at the end of the 20th Century but has subsequently risen again.[1]

Derivation[edit]

Originally called "Linton", the village probably gets its name from the Linn (a waterfall) on the river which it grew alongside. It was later renamed "East Linton" to distinguish it from West Linton in Peebleshire when the railways were built.

Significant to the development of the village was the East Linton Bridge crossing the River Tyne, carrying the Edinburgh to Berwick-upon-Tweed post road (Great North Road).

In September 1549 French troops destroyed the bridge to delay the retreat of the English army. The current bridge was built no later than 1560 at the same location.[2]

Today, only one church remains active, Prestonkirk Parish Church which is also the old name of the parish. The village is now, along with Stenton and Whittingehame; part of the parish of Traprain. The original church was founded by Baldred of Tyninghame, also known as 'St Baldred of the Bass', in the sixth century. The current church tower dates from 1631, while the main building is from 1770. It was enlarged in 1824 and the interior was redesigned in 1892. The St Baldred window was established in 1959. There is also a Free Church of Scotland (St Andrew's) built in 1843[3] - now redundant, a Roman Catholic church (St Kentigern ) and a Methodist hall.

The clock on St Andrew's former church was put in by the village to commemorate Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee; it was named "Jessie" after a local girl when some village lads climbed into the steeple and poured a libation over the clock to christen it. The name has remained ever since. There has long been a school in the town, and the mid-Victorian schoolmaster in East Linton was a George Pringle Smith (d.1850).

The fountain, which stands in The Square on the site of an old well, takes the form of a large cast iron basin with scalloped edges which stands on an ashlar pedestal and, in turn, supports a three-armed lamp standard. At the base of this there are four young child figures beneath a scalloped canopy, each holding a vase out of which water [4]. A plaque attached to the N side of the pedestal records that the fountain was 'Presented to the Burgh of East Linton by John Drysdale Esq., Buenos Ayres. -1882-' Around the bottom edge of the plaque is the legend 'John Storie Esq., Chief Magistrate.'[5] John Drysdale, was a former East Linton native who settled in Buenos Aires, to become a farmer/rancher/businessman.

Preston Mill
Seal of the Burgh of East Linton

Preston Mill, an old watermill, is on the outskirts. There has been a mill on the site since 1599, and it is still working. Attached to the watermill is a kiln, with a cowl of local design. The property is now in the care of the National Trust for Scotland.

Prestonkirk House dominates the entrance to Stories Park. Built in 1865 as the county's Combination Poorhouse, it served 15 parishes and housed 88 people. It now serves as housing and for the library and Day Centre. Stories Park takes its name from the Storie family of veterinary surgeons, who lived in The Square and kept racehorses in their 'park'. Francis Storie (d.1875) was East Linton's chief magistrate 1866-72.

The Peerie Well, beside the River Tyne, supplied the village with water from 1881.

Following the closure of the branch railway line to Haddington in 1949, the fine Victorian station on the East Coast Main Line at East Linton became the next closest for that burgh. Though main line trains still thunder through at high speed, East Linton railway station was closed in 1964 and is now used as a residence. A study published in 2013 proposed that East Linton and Reston stations be reopened.[6] Prior to the coming of the North British Railway, the mail coaches changed horses at the Douglas Inn, opposite the distillery in East Linton.

A surviving relic of East Linton's past importance as an agricultural centre is a timber octagonal auction mart for cattle, pigs and sheep in Station Road.

Notable residents[edit]

Climate[edit]

Like most of Scotland, East Linton has a temperate, maritime climate which is relatively mild despite its northerly latitude.[7] Winter daytime temperatures rarely fall below 2 °C (36 °F). and is milder than places such as Moscow and Labrador which lie at similar latitudes.[7] Summer temperatures are normally moderate, rarely exceeding 20 °C (68 °F).[7] The prevailing wind direction is from the south west, which is often associated with warm, unstable air from the North Atlantic Current that can give rise to rainfall – although considerably less than locations in the west of Scotland.[7] Rainfall is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year.[7] Winds from an easterly direction are usually drier but considerably colder, and may be accompanied by haar, a persistent coastal fog.

Climate data for Dunbar 20m asl, 1981-2010,- (Weather station 5 miles (8 km) to the east of East Linton)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
7.4
(45.3)
9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
13.7
(56.7)
16.7
(62.1)
18.8
(65.8)
18.8
(65.8)
16.5
(61.7)
13.2
(55.8)
9.7
(49.5)
7.3
(45.1)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
2.0
(35.6)
3.1
(37.6)
4.5
(40.1)
6.7
(44.1)
9.6
(49.3)
11.4
(52.5)
11.5
(52.7)
9.9
(49.8)
7.3
(45.1)
4.3
(39.7)
2.1
(35.8)
6.2
(43.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 49.0
(1.929)
34.4
(1.354)
42.5
(1.673)
36.1
(1.421)
44.7
(1.76)
56.9
(2.24)
55.9
(2.201)
55.0
(2.165)
57.4
(2.26)
62.5
(2.461)
54.5
(2.146)
54.6
(2.15)
603.5
(23.76)
Average rainy days 10.5 8.0 9.0 8.0 9.2 9.9 9.4 9.6 9.0 11.0 10.4 11.0 115.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.0 77.6 114.9 146.6 192.4 171.3 179.2 163.2 128.7 100.0 71.3 48.1 1,451.3
Source: Met Office[8]

Public transport[edit]

There are regular bus services linking the village with Edinburgh via Haddington, Dunbar continuing south to Berwick-upon-Tweed and North Berwick.

Sport[edit]

East Linton has a local football team named East Linton AFC.

East Linton Curling Club was formed in 1837.[9]

Gaming[edit]

East Linton is home to some of the offices of 4J Studios, most often known for bringing Minecraft to consoles

References[edit]

  • Fourteen Parishes of the County of Haddington, by John Martine, Edinburgh, 1890.
  • Census data 2011

External links[edit]

The East Linton Community Website has more information [1]

The East Linton Community Hall Website has information on activities at the Hall [2]

The John Gray Centre has more information on the history of East Linton [3]

Gazetteer for Scotland - Overview of East Linton [4]