East Main-High Street Historic District

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East Main-High Street Historic District
GreenfieldMA EastMainHighStreetHD.jpg
East Main-High Street Historic District is located in Massachusetts
East Main-High Street Historic District
East Main-High Street Historic District is located in the US
East Main-High Street Historic District
Location Greenfield, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°35′20″N 72°35′49″W / 42.58889°N 72.59694°W / 42.58889; -72.59694Coordinates: 42°35′20″N 72°35′49″W / 42.58889°N 72.59694°W / 42.58889; -72.59694
Area Franklink and Park Streets
Built 1902
Architect Benjamin,Asher; Et al.
Architectural style Mid 19th Century Revival, Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Late Victorian
NRHP Reference #

88002011

[1]
Added to NRHP March 16, 1989

The East Main–High Street Historic District is a historic district roughly bounded by Church, High, East Main and Franklin Streets in Greenfield, Massachusetts. It encompasses a predominantly residential area just east of Greenfield's central business district, historically where the town's wealthier residents lived, and features a wide variety of mainly 19th-century residential architecture. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.[1]

Description and history[edit]

The city of Greenfield was settled as part of Deerfield in the 17th century, and was separately incorporated in 1753. It was reincorporated as a city in 2003. Due to its location near the confluence of the Deerfield and Connecticut Rivers, it developed in the 18th century as a regional center, and was named the shire town of Franklin County when it was established in 1813. The area east of its central business district was from the early 19th century a popular place for the well-to-do to live, a practice that continued through the 19th century.[2]

The historic district consists of an area of roughly two square blocks, east of Federal Street (United States Route 5) and the commercial district of Main Street. It is bounded on the north by Church Street, the east by High Street, and the south by Main Street. Its western boundary is generally Franklin Street, although it extends westward nearly to Federal Street on Church Street. It has an area of about 33 acres (13 ha), and most of its architecture is residential, predominantly wood frame buildings of 1-1/2 to 2-1/2 stories. There are four churches. The buildings are architecturally diverse, with the Italianate one of the most common varieties found; many buildings exhibit multiple styles, owing to alterations made over time. The district's residents included the owners and management of major local businesses, as well as prominent lawyers and politicians.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "NRHP nomination and MACRIS inventory record for East Main-High Street Historic District". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2013-12-21.