East Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)

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East Norfolk
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Norfolk
18851950
Number of members One
Replaced by North Norfolk, South Norfolk, Central Norfolk and Yarmouth
Created from North Norfolk and South Norfolk
18321868
Number of members Two
Replaced by North Norfolk and South Norfolk
Created from Norfolk

East Norfolk was a parliamentary constituency in the county of Norfolk. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868. Another Eastern division was created in 1885, when its representation was reduced to one member. That constituency was abolished in 1950.

History[edit]

The constituency was first created by the Great Reform Act for the 1832–33 general election, and abolished for the 1868 general election. In that period the historic county of Norfolk was split into two divisions - this one and West Norfolk. Each division returned two members.

From 1868 until 1885, the Norfolk county divisions were reorganised into North Norfolk, South Norfolk and West Norfolk. Each of these three divisions returned two members.

From the 1885 redistribution, the two-member county divisions were replaced with single-member constituencies. The second version of this constituency was one of the single-member seats. It continued to exist until the 1950 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

1832-1868: The Hundreds of Blofield, Clavering, Depwade, Diss, Earsham, North Erpingham, South Erpingham, Eynesford, East Flegg, West Flegg, Forehoe, Happing, Henstead, Humbleyard, Loddon, Taversham, Tunstead and Walsham.[1]

1885-1918: The Sessional Divisions of Blofield and Walsham, East and West Flegg, Taversham and Tunstead, and Happing, the part of the Municipal Borough of Great Yarmouth in the county of Norfolk, and part of the Sessional Division of South Erpingham.

1918-1950: The Urban District of North Walsham, and the Rural Districts of Blofield, East and West Flegg, Loddon and Clavering, St Faith's, and Smallburgh.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1832-1868[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 William Windham Liberal Hon. George Keppel Whig[2][3][4]
1835 Edmond Wodehouse Conservative Horatio Walpole Conservative
1837 Henry Burroughes Conservative
1855 Sir Henry Stracey, Bt Conservative
1857 Charles Ash Windham Liberal Sir Edward Buxton, Bt Liberal
1858 Hon. Wenman Coke Liberal
1859 Edward Howes Conservative
1865 Clare Sewell Read Conservative
1868 abolished

1885-1950[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 re-created but reduced to one member
1885 Sir Edward Birkbeck Conservative
1892 Sir Robert John Price Liberal
1918 Michael Falcon Unionist
1923 Hugh Seely Liberal
1924 Reginald Neville Unionist
1929 William Lygon Liberal
1931 Liberal National
1939 Frank Medlicott Liberal National
1950 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Decades:

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: East Norfolk [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Howes 3,100 30.3 N/A
Conservative Clare Sewell Read 2,985 29.2 N/A
Liberal Thomas Proctor-Beauchamp 2,150 21.0 N/A
Liberal Wenman Coke 1,994 19.5 N/A
Majority 835 8.2 N/A
Turnout 5,115 (est) 64.4 (est) N/A
Registered electors 7,939
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: East Norfolk [6][7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Birkbeck 4,682 51.3 N/A
Liberal Philip Falk 4,440 48.7 N/A
Majority 242 2.6 N/A
Turnout 9,122 81.7 N/A
Registered electors 11,161
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: East Norfolk [6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Birkbeck 4,578 53.4 +2.1
Liberal Henry Lee-Warner 4,000 46.6 -2.1
Majority 578 6.8 +4.2
Turnout 8,578 76.9 -4.8
Registered electors 11,161
Conservative hold Swing -2.1

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Price
General Election 1892: East Norfolk [6][7][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Price 4,743 52.4 +5.8
Conservative Edward Birkbeck 4,303 47.6 -5.8
Majority 440 4.8 N/A
Turnout 9,046 92.2 +15.3
Registered electors 9,812
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.8
Haggard
General Election 1895: East Norfolk [6][7][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Price 4,606 51.1 -1.3
Conservative H. Rider Haggard 4,408 48.9 +1.3
Majority 198 2.2 -2.6
Turnout 9,014 83.2 -9.0
Registered electors 10,839
Liberal hold Swing -1.3

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: East Norfolk [6][7][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Price 4,563 55.0 +3.9
Conservative William Louis St. John Prioleau 3,733 45.0 -3.9
Majority 830 10.0 +7.8
Turnout 8,296 76.9 -6.3
Registered electors 10,791
Liberal hold Swing +3.9
General Election 1906: East Norfolk [6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Price 5,631 62.1 +7.1
Conservative Raymond Boileau 3,435 37.9 -7.1
Majority 2,196 24.2 +14.2
Turnout 9,066 80.7 +3.8
Registered electors 11,237
Liberal hold Swing +7.1

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: East Norfolk [6][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Price 5,592 56.3 -5.8
Conservative Cecil Fitch 4,348 43.7 +5.8
Majority 1,244 12.6 -11.6
Turnout 86.0 +5.3
Registered electors 11,560
Liberal hold Swing -5.8
General Election December 1910: East Norfolk [6][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Price 5,265 57.7 +1.4
Conservative Frank Meyer 3,865 42.3 -1.4
Majority 1,400 15.4 +2.8
Turnout 79.0 -7.0
Registered electors 11,560
Liberal hold Swing +1.4

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Norfolk East[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Michael Falcon 7,030 44.9 +2.6
Liberal Fred Henderson 6,691 42.8 −14.9
National Farmers Union W. B. Taylor 1,926 12.3 N/A
Majority 339 2.1 N/A
Turnout 15,647 49.6 −29.4
Registered electors 31,578
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +8.8
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Norfolk East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Michael Falcon 9,270 41.0 −3.9
Liberal Hugh Seely 8,962 39.7 −3.1
Labour George Edward Hewitt 4,361 19.3 N/A
Majority 308 1.3 −0.8
Turnout 22,593 70.2 +20.6
Registered electors 32,204
Unionist hold Swing −0.4
General Election 1923: Norfolk East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Seely 11,807 49.6 +9.9
Unionist Michael Falcon 8,472 35.6 −5.4
Labour George Edward Hewitt 3,530 14.8 −4.5
Majority 3,335 14.0 N/A
Turnout 23,809 72.5 +2.3
Registered electors 32,845
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +7.7
General Election 1924: Norfolk East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Reginald Neville 11,283 44.6 +9.0
Liberal Hugh Seely 9,114 36.0 −13.6
Labour Reginald Barrington Bates 4,907 19.4 +4.6
Majority 2,169 8.6 N/A
Turnout 25,304 75.6 +3.1
Registered electors 33,470
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +11.3
General Election 1929: Norfolk East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Lygon 13,349 39.6 +3.6
Unionist Reginald Neville 12,434 37.0 −7.6
Labour Bill Holmes 7,856 23.4 +4.0
Majority 915 2.6 N/A
Turnout 33,639 77.6 +2.0
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +5.6

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Norfolk East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National William Lygon 25,945 79.8
Labour Bill Holmes 6,562 20.2
Majority 19,383 59.6
Turnout 71.7
Liberal National hold Swing
General Election 1935: Norfolk East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National William Lygon 23,108 68.8 -11.0
Labour Norman Reeve Tillett 10,461 31.2 +11.0
Majority 12,647 37.6 -22.0
Turnout 66.8 -4.9
Liberal National hold Swing -11.0
East Norfolk by-election, 1939[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Frank Medlicott 18,257 62.9 −5.9
Labour Norman Reeve Tillett 10,785 37.1 +5.9
Majority 7,472 25.8 −11.8
Turnout 29,042 53.1 −13.7
Liberal National hold Swing −5.9

General Election 1939/40

Until the parliament elected in 1935 was extended, another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties made preparations for an election to take place, and by the autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

  • Liberal National: Frank Medlicott
  • Labour: Norman Reeve Tillett[14]
  • Independent Conservative: James F. Wright (Secretary, Norfolk Farmers Union)

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Norfolk East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Frank Medlicott 23,307 55.8 −7.1
Labour Norman Reeve Tillett 18,467 44.2 +7.1
Majority 4,840 11.8 −14.2
Turnout 41,774 68.9 +15.8
Liberal National hold Swing −7.1

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. LXIV. An Act to settle and describe the Divisions of Counties, and the Limits of Cities and Boroughs, in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 300–383. Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  2. ^ Robbins, Alfred Farthing (1894). The Early Public Life of William Ewart Gladstone: Four Times Prime Minister. London: Methuen & Co. p. 179. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  3. ^  Chichester, Henry Manners (1892). "Keppel, George Thomas". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 31. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  4. ^ Gash, Norman (2013). Politics in the Age of Peel: A Study in the Technique of Parliamentary Representation, 1830–1850. Faber & Faber. p. 250. ISBN 9780571302901. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  5. ^ Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  7. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1896
  10. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  11. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig (1983). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  13. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench
  14. ^ Report of the Annual Conference 1939
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)